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Presented by
Nirupama Rout
•Introduction.
•Social Problem.
•Major Social problems in India
•Causes.
•Present status.
•Consequences.
•Preventive Measures.
•Conclusion.
 Whenever the people of a certain society are depriverd from their
basic social rights, then social problems arises.
 Population Explosion
 Illiteracy
 Child Labour
 Female Foeticide, Infanticide
 Poverty, Malnutrition
 Dowry
 Corruption
 Alcoholism
 Naxnalism, Terrorism…etc
"Corruption free government is not a necessary condition for rapid economic development.
If the corporate and institutions work and uncertainty is checked, progress is possible".
S. Swaminathan
 When a person does not do his duty in an honest manner and with
morality, we can call him as a corrupt person and this practice can
be termed as Corruption.
 Corruption is an act done by taking undue advantage of one's
position, power or authority to gain certain rewards and favours.
 For example, if a teacher is not teaching properly in a class, then
this can be called as corruption as well. This is so because the
teacher is drawing his/her payments without performing his/her
duties appropriately. This holds true for every sector and every field.
 Trivial and Grand corruption
 Political and Business corruption
 Chaotic and Organized corruption
 2G Spectrum Scam
 IPL Scandal
 Commonwealth Games Scandal
 Satyam Scandal
 Bofors Scam
And many more………………….
 Statistics with the government show corruption cases against
government servants have risen from 17.68% in 2008 to 28.39% in
2011.
2009 2010 2011
1119 Cases 1009 Cases 3621 Cases
As per CBI Statistics
According to Transparency International India ranks 87th position in the world
 Lack of effective management and organisation
 Lack of economical stability
 Lack of effective leadership
 Lack of support
 Lack of values
 Lack of love for country
 Lack of proper system
 Lack of satisfaction
 Lack of autonomy
 Lack of good control and vigilance
 Lack of good remuneration
 Lack of employment:
 Lack of seats and educational institutions:
 Loss of National wealth
 Hindrance and obstruction in development
 Backwardness
 Poverty
 Authority and power in wrong hands
 Brain drain
 Rise in terrorism and crimes
 Rise in suicide cases
 Psychological and social disorders
 Value education
 Effective and regular vigilance
 Responsible citizen
 Strong and Effective leadership
and administration
 Media
 Legislation
 Social organisation
 Declaration of wealth and assets
 Transparency
 Advertising
 Serials and films
 Loyalty and patriotism
 Dedicated and diligent leaders
 Coordination and control
 Creative writers
 College and Universities
Human responsibility shapes the future of the world
 Increased family incomes
 Education — that helps children learn skills that will help them earn
a living
 Social services — that help children and families survive crises,
such as disease, or loss of home and shelter
 Family control of fertility — so that families are not burdened by
children
Being unwanted, unloved, uncared for, forgotten by everybody, I think
that is a much greater hunger, a much greater poverty than the person
who has nothing to eat.
Mother Teresa
Poverty is a condition of an individual in which his
income is so low that he is unable to feed or provide
shelter for himself and his family members. Those who
do have such income are called poor.
 Social Causes
 Religious Causes
 Economic Causes
 Natural Causes
 Regional Disparity
 Physical Causes
 Illiteracy
 Caste System
 Political Causes
 Market liberalization and globalization
 Slow job growth
 Malnutrition
 Illiteracy
 Diseases and long term health problems
 Unhygienic living conditions
 Lack of proper housing
 High infant mortality
 Child labor
 Injustice to women
 Small farmers development programme.
 Drought area development programme
 National rural employment programme
 Minimum needs programme
 Assurance on employment
 Nehru Rozgar Yojna, etc
PRE-NATAL DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES (PNDT)
 Women Health Risk Increases
 Women Being Trafficked
 Women Being Abused and Sexually Exploited
 Suicide Cases among Women will Increase
 Violence Amongst Men
 Female Status Decreases
India, being a developing country, has had to face several economic and political
challenges. One of the most important problems is the population explosion.
The literal meaning of population is “the whole number of
people or inhabitants in a country or region” (Webster’s
dictionary)
The literal meaning of population explosion is “a
pyramiding of numbers of a biological population”
(Webster’s dictionary).
 Population Reference Bureau estimated the 6.14 billion world's
population in mid 2001.
 Contribution of India alone to this population was estimated to be
1033 millions. It is estimated that the country’s population will
increase to 1.26 billion by the year 2016.
 The projected population indicates that India will be a first most
populous country in the world and China will be second in 2050
(Population Reference Bureau, 2001)
 India is having 18 percent of the world's population on 2.4 percent of
its land area has great deal of pressure on its all natural resources
As per 2011 Provisional Census
Total: 36911708
Male: 18598470
Female: 18313238
Growth Rate :13.97%
Population Density:
269
Sex Ratio: 978
Child Sex Ratio: 934
 Illiteracy
 Poverty
 High Birth rate
 Low Death rate
 Religious beliefs
 Preferences for male child
 Early marriage
 Environmental pollution
 Shortage of land
 Shortage of accommodation
 Shortage of food
 Unemployment
 Poverty
 Illiteracy
 Rapid urbanization
 Slums
 Family Planning programmes
 Girls’ education
 Minimum age for marriage
 Green card system
 Women reservation
 Education through mass media
LET US JOIN OUR HAND TO FIGHT AGAINST
THE SOCIAL PROBLEMS
GROUP 1:
Briefly describe about corruption, its causes and consequences. As a teacher,
how would you tackle the problem of corruption in your community with the
help of your students?
GROUP 2
Define child labor. Explain the causes, consequences and measures of child
labor. Assume that in your community there are some children still working and
are out of school to earn and survive. So as a teacher what is your role and what
steps will be taken to send them back to school.
GROUP 3:
What is female foeticide. Explain the causes and consequences of female
foeticide. As a teacher, give an action plan to reduce the female foeticide?
GROUP 4
Write an essay on Poverty in India. As a teacher what should be your role to
eradicate poverty from your community

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Social problems in india

  • 2. •Introduction. •Social Problem. •Major Social problems in India •Causes. •Present status. •Consequences. •Preventive Measures. •Conclusion.
  • 3.  Whenever the people of a certain society are depriverd from their basic social rights, then social problems arises.
  • 4.  Population Explosion  Illiteracy  Child Labour  Female Foeticide, Infanticide  Poverty, Malnutrition  Dowry  Corruption  Alcoholism  Naxnalism, Terrorism…etc
  • 5. "Corruption free government is not a necessary condition for rapid economic development. If the corporate and institutions work and uncertainty is checked, progress is possible". S. Swaminathan
  • 6.  When a person does not do his duty in an honest manner and with morality, we can call him as a corrupt person and this practice can be termed as Corruption.  Corruption is an act done by taking undue advantage of one's position, power or authority to gain certain rewards and favours.  For example, if a teacher is not teaching properly in a class, then this can be called as corruption as well. This is so because the teacher is drawing his/her payments without performing his/her duties appropriately. This holds true for every sector and every field.
  • 7.  Trivial and Grand corruption  Political and Business corruption  Chaotic and Organized corruption  2G Spectrum Scam  IPL Scandal  Commonwealth Games Scandal  Satyam Scandal  Bofors Scam And many more………………….
  • 8.  Statistics with the government show corruption cases against government servants have risen from 17.68% in 2008 to 28.39% in 2011. 2009 2010 2011 1119 Cases 1009 Cases 3621 Cases As per CBI Statistics According to Transparency International India ranks 87th position in the world
  • 9.  Lack of effective management and organisation  Lack of economical stability  Lack of effective leadership  Lack of support  Lack of values  Lack of love for country  Lack of proper system  Lack of satisfaction  Lack of autonomy  Lack of good control and vigilance  Lack of good remuneration  Lack of employment:  Lack of seats and educational institutions:
  • 10.  Loss of National wealth  Hindrance and obstruction in development  Backwardness  Poverty  Authority and power in wrong hands  Brain drain  Rise in terrorism and crimes  Rise in suicide cases  Psychological and social disorders
  • 11.  Value education  Effective and regular vigilance  Responsible citizen  Strong and Effective leadership and administration  Media  Legislation  Social organisation  Declaration of wealth and assets  Transparency  Advertising  Serials and films  Loyalty and patriotism  Dedicated and diligent leaders  Coordination and control  Creative writers  College and Universities
  • 12. Human responsibility shapes the future of the world
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19.  Increased family incomes  Education — that helps children learn skills that will help them earn a living  Social services — that help children and families survive crises, such as disease, or loss of home and shelter  Family control of fertility — so that families are not burdened by children
  • 20. Being unwanted, unloved, uncared for, forgotten by everybody, I think that is a much greater hunger, a much greater poverty than the person who has nothing to eat. Mother Teresa
  • 21. Poverty is a condition of an individual in which his income is so low that he is unable to feed or provide shelter for himself and his family members. Those who do have such income are called poor.
  • 22.  Social Causes  Religious Causes  Economic Causes  Natural Causes  Regional Disparity  Physical Causes  Illiteracy  Caste System  Political Causes  Market liberalization and globalization  Slow job growth
  • 23.  Malnutrition  Illiteracy  Diseases and long term health problems  Unhygienic living conditions  Lack of proper housing  High infant mortality  Child labor  Injustice to women
  • 24.  Small farmers development programme.  Drought area development programme  National rural employment programme  Minimum needs programme  Assurance on employment  Nehru Rozgar Yojna, etc
  • 25.
  • 26.
  • 27.
  • 29.  Women Health Risk Increases  Women Being Trafficked  Women Being Abused and Sexually Exploited  Suicide Cases among Women will Increase  Violence Amongst Men  Female Status Decreases
  • 30.
  • 31.
  • 32. India, being a developing country, has had to face several economic and political challenges. One of the most important problems is the population explosion.
  • 33. The literal meaning of population is “the whole number of people or inhabitants in a country or region” (Webster’s dictionary) The literal meaning of population explosion is “a pyramiding of numbers of a biological population” (Webster’s dictionary).
  • 34.  Population Reference Bureau estimated the 6.14 billion world's population in mid 2001.  Contribution of India alone to this population was estimated to be 1033 millions. It is estimated that the country’s population will increase to 1.26 billion by the year 2016.  The projected population indicates that India will be a first most populous country in the world and China will be second in 2050 (Population Reference Bureau, 2001)  India is having 18 percent of the world's population on 2.4 percent of its land area has great deal of pressure on its all natural resources
  • 35. As per 2011 Provisional Census
  • 36. Total: 36911708 Male: 18598470 Female: 18313238 Growth Rate :13.97% Population Density: 269 Sex Ratio: 978 Child Sex Ratio: 934
  • 37.  Illiteracy  Poverty  High Birth rate  Low Death rate  Religious beliefs  Preferences for male child  Early marriage
  • 38.  Environmental pollution  Shortage of land  Shortage of accommodation  Shortage of food  Unemployment  Poverty  Illiteracy  Rapid urbanization  Slums
  • 39.  Family Planning programmes  Girls’ education  Minimum age for marriage  Green card system  Women reservation  Education through mass media
  • 40. LET US JOIN OUR HAND TO FIGHT AGAINST THE SOCIAL PROBLEMS
  • 41. GROUP 1: Briefly describe about corruption, its causes and consequences. As a teacher, how would you tackle the problem of corruption in your community with the help of your students? GROUP 2 Define child labor. Explain the causes, consequences and measures of child labor. Assume that in your community there are some children still working and are out of school to earn and survive. So as a teacher what is your role and what steps will be taken to send them back to school. GROUP 3: What is female foeticide. Explain the causes and consequences of female foeticide. As a teacher, give an action plan to reduce the female foeticide? GROUP 4 Write an essay on Poverty in India. As a teacher what should be your role to eradicate poverty from your community

Editor's Notes

  1. In general, when we talk about corruption we mean bribes or some monetary gain, which is improper by all means. The corruption may or may not be monetary gain. Corruption opposes development and growth. It is very harmful and detrimental for all aspects of society and life. It corrodes their beauty, values, strength and resources. The economic growth of India is paralyzed because of misuse of funds, bribery Corruption is ubiquitous in India. You take example of any field and you will find many cases of corruption and misuse related to that particular field. Be it Politics, Education, Banking, Railways, Government, Military, Air Force, Navy, Police, Management, Offices everywhere you have to face corruption. and carelessness of concerned organizations.
  2. For years, the government has been unsuccessfully trying to address the issue of corruption among public servants. In 1966, the government formed the administrative reforms commission to revamp the public administrative system. To reduce corruption, the second administrative reforms commission was formed in 2005 with former law minister Veerappa Moily as the chairman.
  3.   THE PRE-NATAL DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES (PNDT) ACT