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Case study 4 : Where
did the cry of
rebellion happen?
Prepared by:
SEMACIO, REMARK
TOLIBAO, AL JAMES
MELLORIA, ALFRED
READINGS IN THE PHILIPHINE
HISTORY
In 19th century momentous events swept the Spanish
colonies
• including the Philippines
• Journalists of the time referred to
the phrase “El Grito de
Rebelion"or “Cry of Rebellion" to
mark the start of these
revolutionary events.
• August 1896 northeast of Manila,
where they declared rebellion
against the Spanish colonial
government.
Prominent Filipino historian Teodoro
Agoncillo emphasizes the event when
Andres Bonifacio tore the cedula or tax
receipt before the Katipuneros who also did
the same.
• Emilio Aguinaldo commissioned an “Himno de Balintawak”to
inspire the renewed struggle after the Pact of the Biak-na-Bato
failed.
• A monument to the Heroes of 1896 was erected in what is now the
intersection of
• Epifanio de los Santos (EDSA) Avenue
• Andres Bonifacio Drive-North Diversion road until.
• starting 1962 the Cry of Balintawak was celebrated every 26th
day of August.
• The site of the monument was chosen for an unknown reason.
A monument to the
Heroes of 1896
The CRY of BALINTAWAK
(Sigaw sa pugad Lawin)
Different Dates and places where the
cry happen.
Lt.Olegario Diaz
• A Guardia civil.
• Identified the Cry to have happened
in Balintawak
• August 25, 1896.
Teodoro Kalaw
• Filipino historian
• According to him the Cry
of Rebellion happen in
Kangkong,Balintawak
• the last week of August
1896
Santiago
Alvarez
• A Katipunero
• Son of Mariano Alvarez,leader of
the Magdiwang faction in
Cavite
• According to him The Cry of
Rebellion happen in Bahay Toro
in Quezon City.
• on August 24, 1896
Pio Valenzuela
• A katipunero
• Stated that the Cry
happened in Pugad Lawin
• August 23, 1896
Gregorio
Zaide
• A former mayor of
Pagsanjan
• A historian
• Identified the Cry to have
happened in Balintawak
• on August 26 1896
Teodoro Agoncillo
• A Filipino Historian
• According to him the Cry of
Rebellion happen in Pugad
Lawin.
• on August 23, 1896,
Pio Valenzuela
• Research by historians:
1. Milagros Guerrero
2. Emmanuel Encarnacion
3. Ramon Villegas
• claimed that the event took place in
Tandang Sora's barn in
Gulod,Barangay Banlat,Quezon
City
• on August 24, 1896.
Primary Source:
Accounts of the
Cry
Guillermo Masangkay
• On August 26th,a big meeting was held in Balintawak.
• At the house of Apolonio Samson then cabeza
• In the barrio of Caloocan.
• He remember who attended it was
Andres Bonifacio,Emilio Jacinto,Aguedo del
Rosario,Tomas Remigio,Briccio Pantas,Teodoro
Plata,Pio Valenzuela,Enrique Pacheco,and Francisco
Carreon.
• They were all leaders of the Katipunan and composed
the board of directors of the organization.
• Delegates from Bulacan,Cabanatuan,Cavite,and
Morong were also present.
Cry of Balintawak
• At 9:00 in the morning of August 26, the meeting was opened.
• Andres Bonifacio presiding and Emilio Jacinto acting as
secretary.
• The purpose was to discuss when the uprising was to take place.
• Teodoro Plata,Briccio Pantas,and Pio Valenzuela were all
opposed to starting the revolution too early.
Bonifacio, sensing that he would lose in the discussion then, left the
session hall and talked to the people, who were waiting outside for
the result of the meeting of the leaders. He told the people that the
leaders were arguing against starting the revolution early,and
appealed to them in a fiery speeching which he said: “You remember
the fate of our countrymen who were shot in Bagumbayan.
Should we return now to the towns, the Spaniards will only shoot
us. Our organization has been discovered and we are all marked
men.If we don’t start the uprising, the Spaniards will get us
anyway. What then, do you say?”
“Revolt!”the people shouted as one.
Bonifacio then asked the people to give a pledge that they were to
revolt. He told them that the sign of slavery of the Filipinos were
(sic)the cedula tax charged each citizen. “If it is true that you are
ready to revolt…I want to see you destroy your cedulas. It will be a
sign that all of us have declared our severance from the
Spaniards.”
PIO VALENZUELA
“Cry of Pugad lawin”
The first place of refuge of Andres Bonifacio, Emilio
Jacinto, Procopio Bonifacio,Teodoro Plata, Aguedo del
Rosario,and myself was in Balintawak
The first five arriving there on August 19,and I, on
August 20,1896.
The first place where some 500 members of the
Katipunan meet on August 22,1896,was the house and
yard of Apolonio Samson at Kangkong.Aside from the
persons mentioned above, among those who were there
were Briccio Pantas,Alejandro Santiago,Ramon
Bernardo,Apolonio Samson,and others.
• Here, views were only exchanged, and no resolution was debated or
adopted. It was at Pugad Lawin, the house,store-house,and yard of
Juan Ramos,son of Melchora Aquino,whereover 1,000 members of
the katipuneros.
• August 23,1896 Katipunan met and carried out considerable debate
and discussion.
• August 29, 1896 The discussion was on whether or not the revolution
against the Spanish government.
After the tumultuous meeting,many of those present tore their cedula
certificates and shouted “Long live The Philippines! Long live the
Philippines!!!
From the eyewitness accounts presented,there is indeed marked
disagreement among historical witnesses as to the place and time
of the occurrence of the Cry. Using primary and secondary
sources,four places have been identified: Balintawak, Kangkong,
Pugad Lawin, and Bahay Toro,while the dates vary: 23,24,25,or
26 August 1896.
Valenzuela’s account should be read with caution: He once told a
Spanish investigator that the “Cry” happened in Balintawak on
Wednesday, 26 August 1896. Much later, he wrote in his
Memoirs of the Revolution that it happened at Pugad Lawin on 23
August 1896.Such inconsistencies in accounts should always be
seen as a red flag when dealing with primary sources.
According to Guerrero,Encarnacion,and Villegas
• All these places are in Balintawak,then part of Caloocan,now,in
Quezon City.As for the dates, Bonifacio and his troops may have
been moving from one place to another to avoid being located by
the Spanish government, which could explain why there are
several accounts of the Cry.
THANK YOU FOR
LISTENING &
WATCHING!!
MABUHAY ANG PILIPINAS!!

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Case Study 4 Where the cry of rebellion happen?

  • 1. Case study 4 : Where did the cry of rebellion happen? Prepared by: SEMACIO, REMARK TOLIBAO, AL JAMES MELLORIA, ALFRED READINGS IN THE PHILIPHINE HISTORY
  • 2. In 19th century momentous events swept the Spanish colonies • including the Philippines
  • 3. • Journalists of the time referred to the phrase “El Grito de Rebelion"or “Cry of Rebellion" to mark the start of these revolutionary events. • August 1896 northeast of Manila, where they declared rebellion against the Spanish colonial government.
  • 4. Prominent Filipino historian Teodoro Agoncillo emphasizes the event when Andres Bonifacio tore the cedula or tax receipt before the Katipuneros who also did the same.
  • 5. • Emilio Aguinaldo commissioned an “Himno de Balintawak”to inspire the renewed struggle after the Pact of the Biak-na-Bato failed. • A monument to the Heroes of 1896 was erected in what is now the intersection of • Epifanio de los Santos (EDSA) Avenue • Andres Bonifacio Drive-North Diversion road until. • starting 1962 the Cry of Balintawak was celebrated every 26th day of August. • The site of the monument was chosen for an unknown reason.
  • 6. A monument to the Heroes of 1896 The CRY of BALINTAWAK (Sigaw sa pugad Lawin)
  • 7. Different Dates and places where the cry happen.
  • 8. Lt.Olegario Diaz • A Guardia civil. • Identified the Cry to have happened in Balintawak • August 25, 1896.
  • 9. Teodoro Kalaw • Filipino historian • According to him the Cry of Rebellion happen in Kangkong,Balintawak • the last week of August 1896
  • 10. Santiago Alvarez • A Katipunero • Son of Mariano Alvarez,leader of the Magdiwang faction in Cavite • According to him The Cry of Rebellion happen in Bahay Toro in Quezon City. • on August 24, 1896
  • 11. Pio Valenzuela • A katipunero • Stated that the Cry happened in Pugad Lawin • August 23, 1896
  • 12. Gregorio Zaide • A former mayor of Pagsanjan • A historian • Identified the Cry to have happened in Balintawak • on August 26 1896
  • 13. Teodoro Agoncillo • A Filipino Historian • According to him the Cry of Rebellion happen in Pugad Lawin. • on August 23, 1896,
  • 14. Pio Valenzuela • Research by historians: 1. Milagros Guerrero 2. Emmanuel Encarnacion 3. Ramon Villegas • claimed that the event took place in Tandang Sora's barn in Gulod,Barangay Banlat,Quezon City • on August 24, 1896.
  • 16. Guillermo Masangkay • On August 26th,a big meeting was held in Balintawak. • At the house of Apolonio Samson then cabeza • In the barrio of Caloocan. • He remember who attended it was Andres Bonifacio,Emilio Jacinto,Aguedo del Rosario,Tomas Remigio,Briccio Pantas,Teodoro Plata,Pio Valenzuela,Enrique Pacheco,and Francisco Carreon. • They were all leaders of the Katipunan and composed the board of directors of the organization. • Delegates from Bulacan,Cabanatuan,Cavite,and Morong were also present. Cry of Balintawak
  • 17. • At 9:00 in the morning of August 26, the meeting was opened. • Andres Bonifacio presiding and Emilio Jacinto acting as secretary. • The purpose was to discuss when the uprising was to take place. • Teodoro Plata,Briccio Pantas,and Pio Valenzuela were all opposed to starting the revolution too early. Bonifacio, sensing that he would lose in the discussion then, left the session hall and talked to the people, who were waiting outside for the result of the meeting of the leaders. He told the people that the leaders were arguing against starting the revolution early,and appealed to them in a fiery speeching which he said: “You remember the fate of our countrymen who were shot in Bagumbayan.
  • 18. Should we return now to the towns, the Spaniards will only shoot us. Our organization has been discovered and we are all marked men.If we don’t start the uprising, the Spaniards will get us anyway. What then, do you say?” “Revolt!”the people shouted as one. Bonifacio then asked the people to give a pledge that they were to revolt. He told them that the sign of slavery of the Filipinos were (sic)the cedula tax charged each citizen. “If it is true that you are ready to revolt…I want to see you destroy your cedulas. It will be a sign that all of us have declared our severance from the Spaniards.”
  • 19. PIO VALENZUELA “Cry of Pugad lawin” The first place of refuge of Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Jacinto, Procopio Bonifacio,Teodoro Plata, Aguedo del Rosario,and myself was in Balintawak The first five arriving there on August 19,and I, on August 20,1896. The first place where some 500 members of the Katipunan meet on August 22,1896,was the house and yard of Apolonio Samson at Kangkong.Aside from the persons mentioned above, among those who were there were Briccio Pantas,Alejandro Santiago,Ramon Bernardo,Apolonio Samson,and others.
  • 20. • Here, views were only exchanged, and no resolution was debated or adopted. It was at Pugad Lawin, the house,store-house,and yard of Juan Ramos,son of Melchora Aquino,whereover 1,000 members of the katipuneros. • August 23,1896 Katipunan met and carried out considerable debate and discussion. • August 29, 1896 The discussion was on whether or not the revolution against the Spanish government. After the tumultuous meeting,many of those present tore their cedula certificates and shouted “Long live The Philippines! Long live the Philippines!!!
  • 21. From the eyewitness accounts presented,there is indeed marked disagreement among historical witnesses as to the place and time of the occurrence of the Cry. Using primary and secondary sources,four places have been identified: Balintawak, Kangkong, Pugad Lawin, and Bahay Toro,while the dates vary: 23,24,25,or 26 August 1896. Valenzuela’s account should be read with caution: He once told a Spanish investigator that the “Cry” happened in Balintawak on Wednesday, 26 August 1896. Much later, he wrote in his Memoirs of the Revolution that it happened at Pugad Lawin on 23 August 1896.Such inconsistencies in accounts should always be seen as a red flag when dealing with primary sources.
  • 22. According to Guerrero,Encarnacion,and Villegas • All these places are in Balintawak,then part of Caloocan,now,in Quezon City.As for the dates, Bonifacio and his troops may have been moving from one place to another to avoid being located by the Spanish government, which could explain why there are several accounts of the Cry.
  • 23. THANK YOU FOR LISTENING & WATCHING!! MABUHAY ANG PILIPINAS!!