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Enhanced Opportunities in Europe:
New Programs, Funding and Collaboration
Laurent BochereauLaurent Bochereau
Head of Science, Technology and Education SectionHead of Science, Technology and Education Section
European Commission Delegation to the USEuropean Commission Delegation to the US
University of Missouri, 10/09/2009University of Missouri, 10/09/2009
Presentation Outline
• Selected European Facts and Figures
• The Bologna Process (1999 - ) Towards a European
Higher Education Area
• R&D Framework Program 7 (2007-2013)
• Trends and Challenges for the Future
r
MAP EUROPEMAP EUROPE
1957- Treaty of Rome (EU6)
2009 - 27 EU Member States
499 million inhabitants
30% Global GDP
62% Foreign Investment in US
R&D Recent Data
8.11715.2Share of world high-tech exports (%) (2)
26.528.519.7
High-tech exports as a share of total
manufacturing exports (%) (1)
1066834Triadic patents per million population (1)
17.229.938.2Share of world triadic patents (%) (1)
569809639Scientific publications per million population (1)
7.831.537.6Share of world scientific publications (%) (2)
10.79.35.6Researchers per thousand labour force (FTE) (%)(2)
77.164.954.6Share of R&D financed by industry (%) (2)
3.392.611.84R&D intensity (% of GDP) (2)
JapanUSEU-27
Note: (1) 2003 data; (2) 2006 data
Source: 2008 Science, Technology and Competitiveness; DG Research
EU Competitiveness Strategy
R&D
Education Innovation
Bologna
Process
Lifelong
Learning
The ‘Knowledge Triangle’
European Institute of Innovation and Technology
Technological
Infrastructures
RTD & Innovation
Programs
The Bologna Process (1999 -
)
Realization of a European Higher Education Area
•A Converged degree system (three-level cycle BMD)
•Enhanced mobility of students and staff
•A jointly developed European dimension for quality
assurance (European Registry for QA)
•and enhanced international attractiveness
…5…
European Higher Education Area (EHEA)
46 Countries (signatories of
European Cultural Convention
of 1957)
800 Mill. Inhabitants
31 million students
5600 institutions
The Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve
Ministerial Summit (April 2009)
«Faced with the challenge of an aging population, Europe can
only succeed if it maximizes the talents and capacities of all
its citizens and fully engages in lifelong learning»
« Student centered learning and mobility will help students
develop the competencies they need in a changing labor
market….’ »
« We consider public investment in higher education
an utmost priority »
« Competition on a global scale should be complemented by
enhanced policy dialogue and cooperation based on
partnerships with other regions of the world »
EU-US ATLANTIS Programme
 The Atlantis programme is designed and funded jointly by
the EU and the US Dept of Education (FIPSE) and supports
innovative transatlantic joint/dual degrees
 The programme plans to implement over 200 projects
with some 6,000 EU and US individuals participating in
mobility activities over the eight year period
 Annual Calls for Proposals (DL March)
http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/extcoop/usa/
University
of Central
Missouri
Project selected in 2009
Policy project in benchmarking international homeland
security education
This Project will benchmark best practices in academic
Homeland Security (HS) offerings of comparative and
international HS issues, leading to collaboration and the
development of a knowledge transfer exchange relating to
homeland security.
• University of Central Missouri
• Virginia Commonwealth University
• University of Northumbria at
Newcastle (UK)
• Vaxio Universitet (SE)
ERASMUS MUNDUS
 EU flagship programme since 2004
 Promotion of Join/double Masters
and Doctorates Degrees
A total of 116 masters and 13 new
doctorates courses offering in the next
academic year (2010-2011)
 Attracting talented students from outside Europe
(over 7,800 students and 1,600 teaching staff )
 Erasmus Mundus II (2009-2013) - 950m€ budget
 Space Master is a four semester transnational Master Course providing
cross-disciplinary experience from laboratory exercises to computer simulations
 The consortium unifies expertise from a broad range of Universities, 6 EU and
other non EU including Stanford University and Utah State University
 The 50-60 students take introductory modules at Univ. Wurzburg and at the
Kiruna Space Campus before specializing in the other universities.
Joint European Master in
Space Science and Technology
www.spacemaster.eu
The EC Role in Research
Funding agency
Objectives: to strengthen the S+T basis, to increase the
competitiveness of industry and raise the international
standing of Europe
Support through multi-annual Framework Programs (FP)
multi-national, multi-disciplinary R&D in pre-defined areas
Preparing + implementing policies
European Research Area, 3% of GDP spent on R&D,
European Charter for Researchers, etc.
FP7 Structure (2007-2013)
Budget: €54 Billion
+
Ideas – Frontier Research
Capacities – Research Capacity
People – Marie Curie Actions
Cooperation – Collaborative research
JRC non-nuclear research
Euratom direct actions – JRC nuclear research
Euratom indirect actions – nuclear fusion and fission research
Cooperation programme (€ million)
FP7 Cooperation Program
• Support is implemented across all themes through:
– Collaborative research (annual work programmes of selected
topics)
– Joint Technology Initiatives (industry lead)
– Coordination of non-Community research programmes
(national/regional; European intergovernmental structures)
– International Cooperation (general openness, specific priorities)
International Cooperation in FP7
•EU + Associated
•‘Partner countries’ (ICPC)
•Other countries, no funding
7th Framework Programme7th Framework Programme
Participation by legal entities from third countriesParticipation by legal entities from third countries
Achieved Funding Reciprocity
for Collaborative Projects
• Dr. Elias Zerhouni and
Commissioner Janez Potočnik
met in Washington on February
13, 2008
• They established a bilateral
working group charged with
looking at the policy language
for both the NIH and the EU
with the hope of reducing
further impediments to
collaboration
• They published the agreement
in Science Magazine on
November 14, 2008
EU-US Cooperation on Environmental,
Health & Safety (EHS) Impacts of
Nanoparticles
• Nanomaterials can have different chemical, physical, electrical
and biological characteristics (exposure routes, reactivity, ...)
• Coordinated EC-US (EPA, DoE, NIH, NSF) calls on EHS Risk
Assessment of Engineered Nanoparticles
– 5 EC-funded projects with 15 US partners related to nanoparticles and
neurodegenerative diseases, the immune system, intestinal toxicity and
the environment
– 21 US awards to individual recipients
• Regular discussion under OECD
• Proposal for a Joint EU-US session at AAAS 2010
• Forthcoming EC-US coordinated call on “modelling toxicity
behaviour of engineered nanoparticles
Initial training:
Networks for early stage researchers*
Initial training:
Networks for early stage researchers*
Life-long training and career development:
Intra European Fellowships - European Reintegration Grants
Co-financing of national programmes
Life-long training and career development:
Intra European Fellowships - European Reintegration Grants
Co-financing of national programmes
Industry-academia pathways and partnerships
Industry-Academia Knowledge-sharing Scheme*
Industry-academia pathways and partnerships
Industry-Academia Knowledge-sharing Scheme*
International dimension
Outgoing & Incoming International Fellowships;
International Staff Exchange Programmes (S&T, ENP)
International dimension
Outgoing & Incoming International Fellowships;
International Staff Exchange Programmes (S&T, ENP)
Specific actions
Mobility and career enhancement actions; Excellence awards
Specific actions
Mobility and career enhancement actions; Excellence awards
People – Marie Curie Actions
Fellowships, Grants, Awards
People – Marie Curie Actions
Fellowships, Grants, Awards
Session I –Session I – Transatlantic Science & Engineering Graduate CurriculaTransatlantic Science & Engineering Graduate Curricula
Reinforce existing programs that promote transatlantic cooperation inReinforce existing programs that promote transatlantic cooperation in
higher education and researchhigher education and research
Session II -Session II - InnovativeInnovative Curricula for Global Research and developmentCurricula for Global Research and development
Innovative curricula should consist of modules for intercultural andInnovative curricula should consist of modules for intercultural and
interdisciplinary preparation and should integrate “non-technical” skillsinterdisciplinary preparation and should integrate “non-technical” skills
Session III –Session III – Brain Circulation Schemes for developing Lasting Networks ofBrain Circulation Schemes for developing Lasting Networks of
ExcellenceExcellence
Researcher mobility ought to be driven by the need for higher quality scienceResearcher mobility ought to be driven by the need for higher quality science
Session IV –Session IV – Transatlantic mobility of Researchers and InnovationTransatlantic mobility of Researchers and Innovation
Priority should be given to problem-solving type of networks includingPriority should be given to problem-solving type of networks including
partners and mechanisms for transferring the knowledge createdpartners and mechanisms for transferring the knowledge created
Main RecommendationsMain Recommendations
Creativity and Innovation European Year 2009
• Awareness, Research, Education, Training
• http://create2009.europa.eu/
European Institute of Innovation &Technology
• Stimulate innovation capacity of actors from higher education,
research, business and entrepreneurship from the EU and
beyond through the creation of highly integrated Knowledge and
Innovation Communities (KICs).
• First Call for KIC Proposals (Climate Change, Energy Tech, ICT)
• http://eit.europa. eu/
Future Trends and Challenges (1)
EUROPEAN COMMISSION - Research DG
Future Trends and Challenges (2)
European
research policy
National
programmes
‘Open
Coordination’
Framework
programme
European
organisations
Joint Programming
Research Infrastructures
Researchers Careers
Knowledge Sharing
International Cooperation
Joint Programming
Research Infrastructures
Researchers Careers
Knowledge Sharing
International Cooperation

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Bochereau Lecture 9.10.09

  • 1. Enhanced Opportunities in Europe: New Programs, Funding and Collaboration Laurent BochereauLaurent Bochereau Head of Science, Technology and Education SectionHead of Science, Technology and Education Section European Commission Delegation to the USEuropean Commission Delegation to the US University of Missouri, 10/09/2009University of Missouri, 10/09/2009
  • 2. Presentation Outline • Selected European Facts and Figures • The Bologna Process (1999 - ) Towards a European Higher Education Area • R&D Framework Program 7 (2007-2013) • Trends and Challenges for the Future
  • 3. r MAP EUROPEMAP EUROPE 1957- Treaty of Rome (EU6) 2009 - 27 EU Member States 499 million inhabitants 30% Global GDP 62% Foreign Investment in US
  • 4. R&D Recent Data 8.11715.2Share of world high-tech exports (%) (2) 26.528.519.7 High-tech exports as a share of total manufacturing exports (%) (1) 1066834Triadic patents per million population (1) 17.229.938.2Share of world triadic patents (%) (1) 569809639Scientific publications per million population (1) 7.831.537.6Share of world scientific publications (%) (2) 10.79.35.6Researchers per thousand labour force (FTE) (%)(2) 77.164.954.6Share of R&D financed by industry (%) (2) 3.392.611.84R&D intensity (% of GDP) (2) JapanUSEU-27 Note: (1) 2003 data; (2) 2006 data Source: 2008 Science, Technology and Competitiveness; DG Research
  • 5. EU Competitiveness Strategy R&D Education Innovation Bologna Process Lifelong Learning The ‘Knowledge Triangle’ European Institute of Innovation and Technology Technological Infrastructures RTD & Innovation Programs
  • 6. The Bologna Process (1999 - ) Realization of a European Higher Education Area •A Converged degree system (three-level cycle BMD) •Enhanced mobility of students and staff •A jointly developed European dimension for quality assurance (European Registry for QA) •and enhanced international attractiveness
  • 7. …5… European Higher Education Area (EHEA) 46 Countries (signatories of European Cultural Convention of 1957) 800 Mill. Inhabitants 31 million students 5600 institutions
  • 8. The Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve Ministerial Summit (April 2009) «Faced with the challenge of an aging population, Europe can only succeed if it maximizes the talents and capacities of all its citizens and fully engages in lifelong learning» « Student centered learning and mobility will help students develop the competencies they need in a changing labor market….’ » « We consider public investment in higher education an utmost priority » « Competition on a global scale should be complemented by enhanced policy dialogue and cooperation based on partnerships with other regions of the world »
  • 9. EU-US ATLANTIS Programme  The Atlantis programme is designed and funded jointly by the EU and the US Dept of Education (FIPSE) and supports innovative transatlantic joint/dual degrees  The programme plans to implement over 200 projects with some 6,000 EU and US individuals participating in mobility activities over the eight year period  Annual Calls for Proposals (DL March) http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/extcoop/usa/
  • 10. University of Central Missouri Project selected in 2009 Policy project in benchmarking international homeland security education This Project will benchmark best practices in academic Homeland Security (HS) offerings of comparative and international HS issues, leading to collaboration and the development of a knowledge transfer exchange relating to homeland security. • University of Central Missouri • Virginia Commonwealth University • University of Northumbria at Newcastle (UK) • Vaxio Universitet (SE)
  • 11. ERASMUS MUNDUS  EU flagship programme since 2004  Promotion of Join/double Masters and Doctorates Degrees A total of 116 masters and 13 new doctorates courses offering in the next academic year (2010-2011)  Attracting talented students from outside Europe (over 7,800 students and 1,600 teaching staff )  Erasmus Mundus II (2009-2013) - 950m€ budget
  • 12.  Space Master is a four semester transnational Master Course providing cross-disciplinary experience from laboratory exercises to computer simulations  The consortium unifies expertise from a broad range of Universities, 6 EU and other non EU including Stanford University and Utah State University  The 50-60 students take introductory modules at Univ. Wurzburg and at the Kiruna Space Campus before specializing in the other universities. Joint European Master in Space Science and Technology www.spacemaster.eu
  • 13. The EC Role in Research Funding agency Objectives: to strengthen the S+T basis, to increase the competitiveness of industry and raise the international standing of Europe Support through multi-annual Framework Programs (FP) multi-national, multi-disciplinary R&D in pre-defined areas Preparing + implementing policies European Research Area, 3% of GDP spent on R&D, European Charter for Researchers, etc.
  • 14. FP7 Structure (2007-2013) Budget: €54 Billion + Ideas – Frontier Research Capacities – Research Capacity People – Marie Curie Actions Cooperation – Collaborative research JRC non-nuclear research Euratom direct actions – JRC nuclear research Euratom indirect actions – nuclear fusion and fission research
  • 16. FP7 Cooperation Program • Support is implemented across all themes through: – Collaborative research (annual work programmes of selected topics) – Joint Technology Initiatives (industry lead) – Coordination of non-Community research programmes (national/regional; European intergovernmental structures) – International Cooperation (general openness, specific priorities)
  • 17. International Cooperation in FP7 •EU + Associated •‘Partner countries’ (ICPC) •Other countries, no funding 7th Framework Programme7th Framework Programme Participation by legal entities from third countriesParticipation by legal entities from third countries
  • 18. Achieved Funding Reciprocity for Collaborative Projects • Dr. Elias Zerhouni and Commissioner Janez Potočnik met in Washington on February 13, 2008 • They established a bilateral working group charged with looking at the policy language for both the NIH and the EU with the hope of reducing further impediments to collaboration • They published the agreement in Science Magazine on November 14, 2008
  • 19. EU-US Cooperation on Environmental, Health & Safety (EHS) Impacts of Nanoparticles • Nanomaterials can have different chemical, physical, electrical and biological characteristics (exposure routes, reactivity, ...) • Coordinated EC-US (EPA, DoE, NIH, NSF) calls on EHS Risk Assessment of Engineered Nanoparticles – 5 EC-funded projects with 15 US partners related to nanoparticles and neurodegenerative diseases, the immune system, intestinal toxicity and the environment – 21 US awards to individual recipients • Regular discussion under OECD • Proposal for a Joint EU-US session at AAAS 2010 • Forthcoming EC-US coordinated call on “modelling toxicity behaviour of engineered nanoparticles
  • 20. Initial training: Networks for early stage researchers* Initial training: Networks for early stage researchers* Life-long training and career development: Intra European Fellowships - European Reintegration Grants Co-financing of national programmes Life-long training and career development: Intra European Fellowships - European Reintegration Grants Co-financing of national programmes Industry-academia pathways and partnerships Industry-Academia Knowledge-sharing Scheme* Industry-academia pathways and partnerships Industry-Academia Knowledge-sharing Scheme* International dimension Outgoing & Incoming International Fellowships; International Staff Exchange Programmes (S&T, ENP) International dimension Outgoing & Incoming International Fellowships; International Staff Exchange Programmes (S&T, ENP) Specific actions Mobility and career enhancement actions; Excellence awards Specific actions Mobility and career enhancement actions; Excellence awards People – Marie Curie Actions Fellowships, Grants, Awards People – Marie Curie Actions Fellowships, Grants, Awards
  • 21.
  • 22. Session I –Session I – Transatlantic Science & Engineering Graduate CurriculaTransatlantic Science & Engineering Graduate Curricula Reinforce existing programs that promote transatlantic cooperation inReinforce existing programs that promote transatlantic cooperation in higher education and researchhigher education and research Session II -Session II - InnovativeInnovative Curricula for Global Research and developmentCurricula for Global Research and development Innovative curricula should consist of modules for intercultural andInnovative curricula should consist of modules for intercultural and interdisciplinary preparation and should integrate “non-technical” skillsinterdisciplinary preparation and should integrate “non-technical” skills Session III –Session III – Brain Circulation Schemes for developing Lasting Networks ofBrain Circulation Schemes for developing Lasting Networks of ExcellenceExcellence Researcher mobility ought to be driven by the need for higher quality scienceResearcher mobility ought to be driven by the need for higher quality science Session IV –Session IV – Transatlantic mobility of Researchers and InnovationTransatlantic mobility of Researchers and Innovation Priority should be given to problem-solving type of networks includingPriority should be given to problem-solving type of networks including partners and mechanisms for transferring the knowledge createdpartners and mechanisms for transferring the knowledge created Main RecommendationsMain Recommendations
  • 23. Creativity and Innovation European Year 2009 • Awareness, Research, Education, Training • http://create2009.europa.eu/ European Institute of Innovation &Technology • Stimulate innovation capacity of actors from higher education, research, business and entrepreneurship from the EU and beyond through the creation of highly integrated Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs). • First Call for KIC Proposals (Climate Change, Energy Tech, ICT) • http://eit.europa. eu/ Future Trends and Challenges (1)
  • 24. EUROPEAN COMMISSION - Research DG Future Trends and Challenges (2) European research policy National programmes ‘Open Coordination’ Framework programme European organisations Joint Programming Research Infrastructures Researchers Careers Knowledge Sharing International Cooperation Joint Programming Research Infrastructures Researchers Careers Knowledge Sharing International Cooperation

Editor's Notes

  1. Updated per Lars Aggerbeck 10/10/2006