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Condos in the Big Data
           Knowledge Garden
Jack Park
jackpark@topicquests.org
BigData Science Meetup
                                   © 2012, TopicQuests This work is
Shyam Sarkar, Organizer            Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-
                                   NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Fremont California, 12 May, 2012
A Personal Journey

Built airplane
      Undergrad study: aero eng.
              Built windmills/solar homes
                            Built wind/solar sensors
                                          AI to analyze data
                                                Collective intelligence
                                                             Knowledge gardens




                                                         It’s a waterfall life…
Towards a Big Data Rosetta Stone
• The term Rosetta stone has been
  used idiomatically to represent a
  crucial key to the process of
  decryption of encoded
  information, especially when a
  small but representative sample
  is recognized as the clue to
  understanding a larger whole.*
• Let us explore that idea with    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Rosetta_Stone.JPG

  open source socio-technological
  infrastructures

                                                *http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosetta_Stone
“Discovery consists of
seeing what everybody
has seen and thinking
what nobody has
thought.”
    –Albert Szent-Györgyi
Big Data Gardening
• Apply ongoing organic
  (capable of generative
  self-organization)
  processes to large and
  continually growing
  datasets
   – Tended from the point of
     view of individuals, of
     groups and topic-oriented
     projects, and of globally
     connected gardens in the
     jungle of knowledge.

                                 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_Thinker,_Rodin.jpg
What is a Knowledge Garden?
                  A Knowledge Garden fuses Social with Technical and Political


         Condo                                                       Condo
         (Topic                                                      (Topic
        Garden)                                                     Garden)
                                      Federated
                                     Information
                                      Resources




Collections of participants             Condo
at topic-centric portals                (Topic
(condos) with all                      Garden)
information resources
federated
What is a Condo
• A Social Contract
                                                         Federation*
   – Sensemaking
      • Collaboration
      • Collective Intelligence
   – Discovery                               Games
   – Learning
• User Experience                                           Topic
   – Epistemic games                     Other              Map
   – Structured conversations
   – Social gardening
      • Tagging                              Research
                                               Tools
      • Annotating                                         Conversation
      • Connecting                                            Tools

                  * http://www.knowledgefederation.org
Garden Workflow Big Picture

                                                      Encyclopedia


         World of
       Information                 Workbench
         Sources


                                                       Topic Map
•Collect and curate information resources
•Transfer them to a Workbench
     •Annotate, Tag, Connect ideas at the Workbench
•Create summary topics in the Encyclopedia
     •Blogs, Reports, Journalism, …
•Organize Workbench resources in Topic Map
     •Federate, share,…
Topic Maps
• A Topic Map is like a library*
   – A Topic Map is indexical
      • Like a card catalog
          – Each topic has its own representation
      • Improving on a card catalog, a topic can be identified many
        different ways
   – A Topic Map is relational
      • Like a good road map
          – Topics are connected by associations
          – Topics point to their occurrences in the territory
   – A Topic Map is organized
      • Multiple records on the same topic are co-located in the
        map
                   *A library without all the books: a map is not its territory
Why Garden?
From the perspective of
complexity theory, emergence
arises from complex systems
that create new properties
from “autonomous unities
coming together into larger,
more powerful unities”


  Olen Gunnlaugson (2011). A Complexity Perspective on Presencing. Complicity, Vol 9, No 1
  (2012). Online at:
  http://ejournals.library.ualberta.ca/index.php/complicity/article/view/9624/8561
A Scenario—Federating Disparate
  Conversations and Discovery




            Discovery?


                         Similar conversations can
                         occur across disciplines
                         with Big Data
Scenario: Meet Joe

       Joe is in Medical
       School studying to be a
       physician
       Joe is preparing for a
       test on Bacterial
       Infections
Scenario: Joe’s Gardening
                              Bookmark page with
                                  these tags

 Web page discovered by Joe                        Immune Response

                                                   Bacterial Infection
macrophages use
 free radicals to                                    Macrophage
   kill bacteria

                                                      Free Radical


                                                   Reactive Oxygen
        Annotate page with
            this idea                  Use garden condo tools to
                                       record discoveries
Scenario: Meet Sarah

        Sarah lives a healthy
        lifestyle

        Sarah reads that
        free radicals
        can cause cancer
Scenario: Sarah’s Gardening

                               Bookmark page with
                                   these tags
Web page discovered by Sarah



        antioxidants                                 Antioxidant
             kill
        free radicals                                Free Radical




        Annotate page with
            this idea                   Use garden condo tools to
                                        record discoveries
Scenario: Meet Ben

       Ben is a cancer patient
       with recurring
       bacterial infections

       Ben visits a garden
       condo to research
       bacterial infections
Scenario: Ben’s Garden Research
Ben becomes curious
about free radicals—a             Ben makes a discovery
new concept to him

                              Free Radical


         macrophages use                          antioxidants
          free radicals to                             kill
            kill bacteria                         free radicals

             The Free Radical tag has created a kind of
             wormhole (tunnel) that links ideas together.

             The opportunity is to recognize the importance
             of those connections.
Scenario: Ben’s Gardening
Ben has an epiphany                        Sounds like I should
                                            not take any more
                                             antioxidant pills!



        macrophages use                        antioxidants
         free radicals to   Must Avoid              kill
           kill bacteria                       free radicals


                                Emergence:
   Ben adds a new
                                In philosophy, systems theory, science,
 Connection between
                                and art, emergence is the way complex
    the two ideas
                                systems and patterns arise out of a
                                multiplicity of relatively simple
                                interactions.*

                                     *http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emergence
Scenario: Meet Olivia

        Olivia is a Medical
        Doctor interested in
        immune system
        subjects
Scenario: Olivia’s Garden Research

      macrophages use                       antioxidants
       free radicals to      Must Avoid          kill
         kill bacteria                      free radicals



   “Must Avoid”                           Need to restate this
   doesn’t really                            information
  convey a proper
  sense of reality



                          Olivia visits the garden
Scenario: Olivia’s Gardening
             Bacterial Infection    Contraindicates         Antioxidants


                                       Because


                        macrophages use            antioxidants
                         free radicals to               kill
                           kill bacteria           free radicals

Olivia gets bonus
points for justifying        Create a new set of
her assertion.               representations by
                             connecting the two
                              core concepts and
                                explaining the
                                 connection            Use garden condo tools to
                                                       record discoveries
Scenario: Starting a Conversation


   Bacterial Infection   Contraindicates   Antioxidants




                                              A Challenge is posed
                                               to Olivia’s primary
                                                   assertion
Scenario: The Conversation
            Structured conversation
            responses to the question




 “Compromised host” as a new
concept to be represented in the
      garden’s topic map

                                   Use garden condo tools to
                                   record discoveries
Scenario: Garden Results
                                              Co-created resource in
                      Compromised Host        the garden

                       Appropriate For


Bacterial Infection    Contraindicates       Antioxidants


                          Because


          macrophages use           antioxidants
           free radicals to              kill
             kill bacteria          free radicals

                                         Use garden condo tools to
                                         record discoveries
Big Data
Use Cases for a Big Data Garden
• Resource Collection
    – Federation
        • bring together and organize without filters
• Resource Augmentation
    – Tagging
    – Annotating                               Condo
    – Debate                                   (Topic
• Knowledge Cartography                       Garden)
    – Connecting resources                               Federated
    – Map maintenance                                   Information
    – More Debate                                        Resources
• Research Augmentation
    – Crowd-sourced discovery
    – Automated inferences /reasoning
    – Knowledge sharing
A View of Big Data Computing
• Solr + Hadoop = Big Data Love*
  – Article gives a hint at an approach to using off-the-
    shelf open source software to support Big Data
  – We consider it as a baseline for design




     *(concept and image)http://architects.dzone.com/articles/solr-hadoop-big-data-love
Candidate Federation Architecture
TopicQuests Garden Topology
                               Medical Topic
                                Other Topic                Other Topic
Add-On Agents                   New Condo                  New Condo
                                 Garden
                                 Gardens
                                  New Condo                  Garden
                                                            Gardens
                                                             New Condo
                                    New Condo                  New Condo
                                       New Condo                  New Condo
                                         New Condo                  New Condo
  IdentiMe
                         API
 Personal
 Microblog                     PoliticalTopic
                                Other Topic                  Education
                                                            Other Topic
                                New Condo                   New Condo
                                  Garden
                                  Gardens
                                   New Condo               Topic Garden
                                                              Gardens
                                                              New Condo
                                      New Condo                 New Condo
Support / R&D                   Know New Condo                     New Condo
                                          New Condo                  New Condo
  Read Only
  Bulk User

 Free Access
    User                                              Knowledge
                                          API         Federation
                                                        Server     TopicQuests
  KG Admin      TopicQuests                                        Non-Profit
                Non-Profit
                                                               Knowledge Garden
A Strong Conjecture
• A Knowledge Federation’s topic map provides
  a Rosetta Stone substrate
  – Supports reasoning by analogy
  – Big Data population studies (probabilities and
    statistics) provide clues added to the map
  – A well-organized map of the growing territory
    provides a navigable terrain to support journeys of
    discovery
Completed Representation
                       Compromised Host


                        Appropriate For


 Bacterial Infection    Contraindicates      Antioxidants


                           Because


           macrophages use Gardens and
                  Co-create        antioxidants
            free radicals to            kill
              kill bacteria Big Data Science
               Federate            free radicals


Thanks to Mark Szpakowski , Patrick Durusau , and Martin Radley for
valuable comments

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Condos in the BigData Knowledge Garden

  • 1. Condos in the Big Data Knowledge Garden Jack Park jackpark@topicquests.org BigData Science Meetup © 2012, TopicQuests This work is Shyam Sarkar, Organizer Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Fremont California, 12 May, 2012
  • 2. A Personal Journey Built airplane Undergrad study: aero eng. Built windmills/solar homes Built wind/solar sensors AI to analyze data Collective intelligence Knowledge gardens It’s a waterfall life…
  • 3. Towards a Big Data Rosetta Stone • The term Rosetta stone has been used idiomatically to represent a crucial key to the process of decryption of encoded information, especially when a small but representative sample is recognized as the clue to understanding a larger whole.* • Let us explore that idea with http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Rosetta_Stone.JPG open source socio-technological infrastructures *http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosetta_Stone
  • 4. “Discovery consists of seeing what everybody has seen and thinking what nobody has thought.” –Albert Szent-Györgyi
  • 5. Big Data Gardening • Apply ongoing organic (capable of generative self-organization) processes to large and continually growing datasets – Tended from the point of view of individuals, of groups and topic-oriented projects, and of globally connected gardens in the jungle of knowledge. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_Thinker,_Rodin.jpg
  • 6. What is a Knowledge Garden? A Knowledge Garden fuses Social with Technical and Political Condo Condo (Topic (Topic Garden) Garden) Federated Information Resources Collections of participants Condo at topic-centric portals (Topic (condos) with all Garden) information resources federated
  • 7. What is a Condo • A Social Contract Federation* – Sensemaking • Collaboration • Collective Intelligence – Discovery Games – Learning • User Experience Topic – Epistemic games Other Map – Structured conversations – Social gardening • Tagging Research Tools • Annotating Conversation • Connecting Tools * http://www.knowledgefederation.org
  • 8. Garden Workflow Big Picture Encyclopedia World of Information Workbench Sources Topic Map •Collect and curate information resources •Transfer them to a Workbench •Annotate, Tag, Connect ideas at the Workbench •Create summary topics in the Encyclopedia •Blogs, Reports, Journalism, … •Organize Workbench resources in Topic Map •Federate, share,…
  • 9. Topic Maps • A Topic Map is like a library* – A Topic Map is indexical • Like a card catalog – Each topic has its own representation • Improving on a card catalog, a topic can be identified many different ways – A Topic Map is relational • Like a good road map – Topics are connected by associations – Topics point to their occurrences in the territory – A Topic Map is organized • Multiple records on the same topic are co-located in the map *A library without all the books: a map is not its territory
  • 10. Why Garden? From the perspective of complexity theory, emergence arises from complex systems that create new properties from “autonomous unities coming together into larger, more powerful unities” Olen Gunnlaugson (2011). A Complexity Perspective on Presencing. Complicity, Vol 9, No 1 (2012). Online at: http://ejournals.library.ualberta.ca/index.php/complicity/article/view/9624/8561
  • 11. A Scenario—Federating Disparate Conversations and Discovery Discovery? Similar conversations can occur across disciplines with Big Data
  • 12. Scenario: Meet Joe Joe is in Medical School studying to be a physician Joe is preparing for a test on Bacterial Infections
  • 13. Scenario: Joe’s Gardening Bookmark page with these tags Web page discovered by Joe Immune Response Bacterial Infection macrophages use free radicals to Macrophage kill bacteria Free Radical Reactive Oxygen Annotate page with this idea Use garden condo tools to record discoveries
  • 14.
  • 15. Scenario: Meet Sarah Sarah lives a healthy lifestyle Sarah reads that free radicals can cause cancer
  • 16. Scenario: Sarah’s Gardening Bookmark page with these tags Web page discovered by Sarah antioxidants Antioxidant kill free radicals Free Radical Annotate page with this idea Use garden condo tools to record discoveries
  • 17.
  • 18. Scenario: Meet Ben Ben is a cancer patient with recurring bacterial infections Ben visits a garden condo to research bacterial infections
  • 19. Scenario: Ben’s Garden Research Ben becomes curious about free radicals—a Ben makes a discovery new concept to him Free Radical macrophages use antioxidants free radicals to kill kill bacteria free radicals The Free Radical tag has created a kind of wormhole (tunnel) that links ideas together. The opportunity is to recognize the importance of those connections.
  • 20.
  • 21. Scenario: Ben’s Gardening Ben has an epiphany Sounds like I should not take any more antioxidant pills! macrophages use antioxidants free radicals to Must Avoid kill kill bacteria free radicals Emergence: Ben adds a new In philosophy, systems theory, science, Connection between and art, emergence is the way complex the two ideas systems and patterns arise out of a multiplicity of relatively simple interactions.* *http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emergence
  • 22. Scenario: Meet Olivia Olivia is a Medical Doctor interested in immune system subjects
  • 23. Scenario: Olivia’s Garden Research macrophages use antioxidants free radicals to Must Avoid kill kill bacteria free radicals “Must Avoid” Need to restate this doesn’t really information convey a proper sense of reality Olivia visits the garden
  • 24. Scenario: Olivia’s Gardening Bacterial Infection Contraindicates Antioxidants Because macrophages use antioxidants free radicals to kill kill bacteria free radicals Olivia gets bonus points for justifying Create a new set of her assertion. representations by connecting the two core concepts and explaining the connection Use garden condo tools to record discoveries
  • 25. Scenario: Starting a Conversation Bacterial Infection Contraindicates Antioxidants A Challenge is posed to Olivia’s primary assertion
  • 26. Scenario: The Conversation Structured conversation responses to the question “Compromised host” as a new concept to be represented in the garden’s topic map Use garden condo tools to record discoveries
  • 27. Scenario: Garden Results Co-created resource in Compromised Host the garden Appropriate For Bacterial Infection Contraindicates Antioxidants Because macrophages use antioxidants free radicals to kill kill bacteria free radicals Use garden condo tools to record discoveries
  • 29. Use Cases for a Big Data Garden • Resource Collection – Federation • bring together and organize without filters • Resource Augmentation – Tagging – Annotating Condo – Debate (Topic • Knowledge Cartography Garden) – Connecting resources Federated – Map maintenance Information – More Debate Resources • Research Augmentation – Crowd-sourced discovery – Automated inferences /reasoning – Knowledge sharing
  • 30. A View of Big Data Computing • Solr + Hadoop = Big Data Love* – Article gives a hint at an approach to using off-the- shelf open source software to support Big Data – We consider it as a baseline for design *(concept and image)http://architects.dzone.com/articles/solr-hadoop-big-data-love
  • 32. TopicQuests Garden Topology Medical Topic Other Topic Other Topic Add-On Agents New Condo New Condo Garden Gardens New Condo Garden Gardens New Condo New Condo New Condo New Condo New Condo New Condo New Condo IdentiMe API Personal Microblog PoliticalTopic Other Topic Education Other Topic New Condo New Condo Garden Gardens New Condo Topic Garden Gardens New Condo New Condo New Condo Support / R&D Know New Condo New Condo New Condo New Condo Read Only Bulk User Free Access User Knowledge API Federation Server TopicQuests KG Admin TopicQuests Non-Profit Non-Profit Knowledge Garden
  • 33. A Strong Conjecture • A Knowledge Federation’s topic map provides a Rosetta Stone substrate – Supports reasoning by analogy – Big Data population studies (probabilities and statistics) provide clues added to the map – A well-organized map of the growing territory provides a navigable terrain to support journeys of discovery
  • 34. Completed Representation Compromised Host Appropriate For Bacterial Infection Contraindicates Antioxidants Because macrophages use Gardens and Co-create antioxidants free radicals to kill kill bacteria Big Data Science Federate free radicals Thanks to Mark Szpakowski , Patrick Durusau , and Martin Radley for valuable comments