Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Knowledge	Garden	
Overview
Jack	Park
Knowledge	Federation	Conference
Inter	University	Centre
Dubrovnik,	Croatia
September,...
Aristotle:	Final	Cause
Purpose
Global
Thrivability
Need
A	Simple	Question
How	do	you	wish	to	pay	
for	your	free	lunch?
Need
Img:	http://www.ezcare2.com/childcare-blog/2013/10/the...
Problem	Space
• Too	much	information	(info	glut)
• Missing	information
• Proprietary	and	not	available
• Not	proprietary,	...
Issue	Space
• Some	Big	Issues	(no	particular	order)
• Climate	change
• Public	and	individual	health
• Education
• Unemploy...
Within	that	problem	space
*	Ted	Nelson,	1974
Everything	is		deeply	Intertwingled*
Need
Limits	of	our	Knowledge
• We	can	open	a	microbe	to	
study	all	the	parts
• Opening	the	microbe	kills	
it
• Why	did	opening	...
On	Complex	Systems
• What	is	a	complex	system?
• Keywords	(from	Wikipedia)
• Self-organizing
• Feedback
• Decay
• Sensitiv...
Feedback	in	Complex	Systems
Need
Relations	Among	the	Parts
• Counting	parts	is	a	start
• But,	everything	is	intertwingled
• Understanding	the	relationships...
Upon	this	gifted	age,	in	its	dark	hour,
Rains	from	the	sky	a	meteoric	shower
Of	facts	.	.	.	they	lie	unquestioned,	uncombi...
Complex,	Really	Urgent	Problems
Need
Opportunity	Space:	a	Public	Loom
• Topic	based	information	that	is:
• Brought	together	through	federation	with	relevance
•...
Augmented	Human	Intelligence
• Computing	is:
• Far	less	about	what	a	computer	knows
• Far	more	about	how	computers	can	aug...
The	Engelbart	Program
• Actors
• Humans
• Human	knowledge
• Tools
• Process
• Human	capabilities	and	tools	co-evolve
• Con...
From	the	perspective	of	
complexity	theory,	emergence	
arises	from	complex	systems	
that	create	new	properties	
from	“auto...
Garden	Activities
• Collaborative	Discovery	and	Action
• Crowd-sourced,	Game-based	Epic	
Knowledge	Quests
• Generation	of	...
Discovery	in	Context
Approach
Discovery	followed	by	Action
Gardener	
connects	
concepts
Approach
Discovery	followed	by	Action
Gardener	creates	new	
concepts	to	better	
explain	“must	avoid”	
connection
Approach
Let	the	Conversations	Begin:	a	Challenge
Approach
Responses	Leading	to	New	Concepts
Compromised	 Host	is	
new	Concept
Approach
Gardening	Outcome
antioxidants
kill
free	radicals
Contraindicates
macrophages	use
free	radicals	to	
kill	bacteria
Bacteria...
Knowledge	Garden	as	Context
Approach
Topic	Garden	(“condo”,	epistemic	community)
• Social	
Bookmarks
• Blog	Posts
• Wikis
• Structured	
Conversations
• Node	
R...
Epic	Quests
Quest
A	Well-posed	Question
Role	
Player
Role	
Player
Role	
Player
Role	
Player
Role	
Player
Role	
Player
Guil...
Federation	Server
Server
Topic	
Map
Social	
Map
OpenSherlock
Artificial	
Intelligence
Approach
Fast	and	Slow	Thinking
• Fast	thinking
• Frontal-cortex	chatter
• Ideas	floating	around
• Face2Face
• Chat	rooms
• Twitter...
Multi-space	Framework
• Just	for	me
• Personal	topic	map
• Just	for	us
• Slow	Thinking
• Digital	Library
• Topic	Map
• Pub...
How	a	Topic	Garden	Works
• Participant	Activities	in	
Population	Space
• Stored	in	Belief	Space
• Federation	Server	provid...
Enumerating	Benefits
• Creation	of	cultivated	knowledge	ecosystems	(gardens)
• Open	source	tools	for	knowledge	cultivation...
Value	of	Role-playing	Games
“I	would	rather	hire	a	
high-level	World	of	
Warcraft player	than	
an	MBA	from	Harvard”
John	S...
A	Related	TED	Talk
http://www.ted.com/talks/jason_pontin_can_technology_solve_our_big_problems?language=en
Benefits
Competition
• A	knowledge	garden	does	not	compete in	any	direct	sense	with	
traditional	social	networks
• Indirectly,	a	kn...
antioxidants
kill
free	radicals
Contraindicates
macrophages	use
free	radicals	to	
kill	bacteria
Bacterial	Infection Antiox...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Knowledge Garden Overview

4,035 views

Published on

Overview of the Knowledge Garden concept, its philosophy, topology, and large concepts. Organized in SRI International's NABC format

Published in: Internet

Knowledge Garden Overview

  1. 1. Knowledge Garden Overview Jack Park Knowledge Federation Conference Inter University Centre Dubrovnik, Croatia September, 2016 © 2016, TopicQuests Foundation Img: Wikipedia
  2. 2. Aristotle: Final Cause Purpose Global Thrivability Need
  3. 3. A Simple Question How do you wish to pay for your free lunch? Need Img: http://www.ezcare2.com/childcare-blog/2013/10/theres-no-such-thing-as-a-free-lunch-or-is-there/
  4. 4. Problem Space • Too much information (info glut) • Missing information • Proprietary and not available • Not proprietary, but hasn't been brought to addressable space • Massive amounts of tacit knowledge • Native intuition not captured • Incomplete recording • Trust • Heterogeneity • Language (vernacular, dialects, etc.) • Different world views on same topic Need
  5. 5. Issue Space • Some Big Issues (no particular order) • Climate change • Public and individual health • Education • Unemployment • Polarization in Politics • Clean Water • Any water at all… Need
  6. 6. Within that problem space * Ted Nelson, 1974 Everything is deeply Intertwingled* Need
  7. 7. Limits of our Knowledge • We can open a microbe to study all the parts • Opening the microbe kills it • Why did opening a microbe to count all the parts kill it? • What is life? • Did opening the microbe to count its parts get us any closer to an answer? • Answers are bound to the nature of Complex Systems Img: Wikipedia Need
  8. 8. On Complex Systems • What is a complex system? • Keywords (from Wikipedia) • Self-organizing • Feedback • Decay • Sensitive to initial conditions • Non-linear • Relational • We must pay as much attention to the relations as we pay to the parts Need
  9. 9. Feedback in Complex Systems Need
  10. 10. Relations Among the Parts • Counting parts is a start • But, everything is intertwingled • Understanding the relationships among those parts and between them and their environment is the next step • Relations as complex, interwoven fabrics • Use garden tools to augment our capabilities Img: © Regents of University of California Need
  11. 11. Upon this gifted age, in its dark hour, Rains from the sky a meteoric shower Of facts . . . they lie unquestioned, uncombined. Wisdom enough to leech us of our ill is daily spun; but there exists no loom To weave it into fabric – Edna St. Vincent Millay Need
  12. 12. Complex, Really Urgent Problems Need
  13. 13. Opportunity Space: a Public Loom • Topic based information that is: • Brought together through federation with relevance • Freely available • Recorded, easily found and built upon • With tacit knowledge and native intuition captured • Trustworthy • All sides of the story are covered • Heterogeneity • Information is captured in a format that takes into account vernacular, dialects, different world views, etc. Approach
  14. 14. Augmented Human Intelligence • Computing is: • Far less about what a computer knows • Far more about how computers can augment human cognitive capabilities • Based on the J.C.R Licklider and Douglas Engelbart augmentation work J.C.R. Licklider Douglas Engelbart Imgs: Wikipedia Approach
  15. 15. The Engelbart Program • Actors • Humans • Human knowledge • Tools • Process • Human capabilities and tools co-evolve • Continuous improvement of capabilities • Form communities • Improvement communities • Network communities • Networked Improvement Communities • Goals • Problem Solving • Discovery • Thrivability Augmenting Human Capabilities Approach
  16. 16. From the perspective of complexity theory, emergence arises from complex systems that create new properties from “autonomous unities coming together into larger, more powerful unities” Augmenting Human Capabilities Complex Systems Shared Stories Collaboration in a Knowledge Garden Img: Olen Gunnlaugson (2011). A Complexity Perspective on Presencing. Complicity, Vol 9, No 1 (2012). Online at: http://ejournals.library The emergence we seek is that of insight into the nature of and solutions to complex problems Barn Raising Approach
  17. 17. Garden Activities • Collaborative Discovery and Action • Crowd-sourced, Game-based Epic Knowledge Quests • Generation of large-scale collections of human perspectives on issues that matter • Quests as Truth-seeking Journeys Approach
  18. 18. Discovery in Context Approach
  19. 19. Discovery followed by Action Gardener connects concepts Approach
  20. 20. Discovery followed by Action Gardener creates new concepts to better explain “must avoid” connection Approach
  21. 21. Let the Conversations Begin: a Challenge Approach
  22. 22. Responses Leading to New Concepts Compromised Host is new Concept Approach
  23. 23. Gardening Outcome antioxidants kill free radicals Contraindicates macrophages use free radicals to kill bacteria Bacterial Infection Antioxidants Because Appropriate For Compromised Host Co-created resource in the garden Approach
  24. 24. Knowledge Garden as Context Approach
  25. 25. Topic Garden (“condo”, epistemic community) • Social Bookmarks • Blog Posts • Wikis • Structured Conversations • Node Relations • Role-playing Games • TopicMap • Member Accounts • Communicate with Federation Server Frontside User Interface Backside Services Approach Blog posts, wiki topics, bookmark annotations can be included into any conversation, including game moves
  26. 26. Epic Quests Quest A Well-posed Question Role Player Role Player Role Player Role Player Role Player Role Player Guild Role Player Role Player Role Player Role Player Role Player Role Player Guild Role Player Role Player Role Player Role Player Role Player Role Player Guild Approach
  27. 27. Federation Server Server Topic Map Social Map OpenSherlock Artificial Intelligence Approach
  28. 28. Fast and Slow Thinking • Fast thinking • Frontal-cortex chatter • Ideas floating around • Face2Face • Chat rooms • Twitter • Slower thinking • Working memory • Ideas that stick • Blogs • Wikis • Conference papers • Really Slow thinking • Long-term memory • Ideas that need to be • Remembered, • Organized • Processed in the background • Topic maps Daniel Kahneman (2011) Thinking Fast and Slow Approach
  29. 29. Multi-space Framework • Just for me • Personal topic map • Just for us • Slow Thinking • Digital Library • Topic Map • Public memory • Just in case • Fast thinking • Slower thinking http://knowledgegardens.wordpress.com/augmenting-cognition-a-multi-space-model/ Approach
  30. 30. How a Topic Garden Works • Participant Activities in Population Space • Stored in Belief Space • Federation Server provides Long Term Memory for all Topic Gardens • Belief Space at each Topic Garden provides Short Term – Working Memory in the context of the entire Garden Approach
  31. 31. Enumerating Benefits • Creation of cultivated knowledge ecosystems (gardens) • Open source tools for knowledge cultivation as middleware in other contexts • Benefits of Role-playing Games as tools of collaboration • Emergence of generations of participants as enlightened citizens • Leadership skills • Collaborative literacy • Augmented scholarship Benefits
  32. 32. Value of Role-playing Games “I would rather hire a high-level World of Warcraft player than an MBA from Harvard” John Seely Brown Benefits
  33. 33. A Related TED Talk http://www.ted.com/talks/jason_pontin_can_technology_solve_our_big_problems?language=en Benefits
  34. 34. Competition • A knowledge garden does not compete in any direct sense with traditional social networks • Indirectly, a knowledge garden competes with traditional social networks on a basis of participation in some cases • Given the collaborative nature of open source game-based knowledge federation, analysis of competition is problematic. Competition
  35. 35. antioxidants kill free radicals Contraindicates macrophages use free radicals to kill bacteria Bacterial Infection Antioxidants Because Appropriate For Compromised Host Let us co-create Knowledge Gardens jackpark@topicquests.org Slides: http://slideshare.net/jackpark/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/gardenfelder GitHub: https://github.com/knowledgegarden & https://github.com/opensherlock/ Blog: https://knowledgegardens.wordpress.com/ Acknowledgements: These slides are the result of many suggestions and contributions from: Martin Radley Sherry Jones Mark Szpakowski Patrick Durusau Alec Wenzowski Ted Kahn David Alexander Price Marc-Antoine Parent Linda Yi Park Nefer Doane Nick Doane Need, Approach, Benefits, Competition Structure based on the innovation processes of SRI International as documented in the book: Innovation THE FIVE DISCIPLINES FOR CREATING WHAT CUSTOMERS WANT By Curtis R Carleson and William W. Wilmot

×