SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 14
Art Tracks
From Provenance Texts
to Structured Data
Louise Lippincott
Curator of Fine Arts
Carnegie Museum of Art
David Newbury
Lead Developer, Art Tracks
Carnegie Museum of Art
Due Diligence: Legal Ownership
Due Diligence: Establish Authenticity
Due Diligence: Inform Connoisseurship
What can you do with it? The Analog World
Unknown Florentine. Unknown collector, England, 1800? until 1857? [1];
Possibly Miss Rogers, London, in 1857 [2]; Collis P. Huntington [1821-1900], New
York, NY, until 1900; by descent to Arabella D. Huntington, his widow [1851-
1924], New York, NY, 1900 until 1924 [3]; by descent to Archer Milton
Huntington [1870-1955], New York, NY, 1924 until 1925 [4]; bequest to
Metropolitan Museum of Art [1870-], New York, 1925 [5]; sold at American Art
Galleries, New York, November 20, 1925, no. 106. Arthur E. Braun [-1976],
Pittsburgh, until 1976. By descent to Mrs. Paul B. Ernst, his daughter, Pittsburgh,
1978 [6]; gift to Museum, in 1978.
NOTES:
1. In England by the mid 19th century when restored by F. Leedham who was
active in London c.1830-1860. 2. Waagen II p. 269. "Agnolo Bronzino. Portrait of
Leonora di Toledo, wife of Cosimo I., Grand Duke of Tuscany; half the size of life.
An admirable work, distinguished from most of the pictures by this master by
the transparency and warmth of the flesh tones." 3. Collis P. Huntington passed
life interest of this work to Arabella, his second wife, upon his death. Arabella
married Henry E. Huntington [1850-1927], who was the nephew of Collis P.
Huntington, in 1913. She is referred to as "Mrs. Henry E. Huntington" in
documents after 1913. 4. Although life interest in this work was transfered to
Archer Huntington from Arabella Huntington after her death, he terminated his
life interest in 1925. 5. This was the bequest of Collis P. Huntington, but he gave
life interest to his wife and then subsequently her son, before Archer terminated
his life interest and gave the work in the Metropolitan. Arabella was a prolific
collector, and at her death, this work, along with many others, were given by her
son to the Metropolitan Museum. This was Metropolitan Museum accession
number 25.110.131. 6. Her full name is Elizabeth Braun Ernst.
What can you do with it?
The Digital World
The CMOA Provenance Standard
A Linked Data representation of the
AAM provenance recommendations.
http://www.museumprovenance.org
museum_provenance
Software for automatically parsing
provenance texts into structured data
https://github.com/arttracks/museum_provenance
What can you do with it?
The Digital World
Elysa
A user interface for editing
and visualizing provenance texts
https://github.com/arttracks/elysa
What can you do with it?
The Digital World
The Digital World
Elysa, our user interface for editing provenance.
(https://github.com/arttracks/elysa)
Analog meets Digital: First Encounters
Analog/Curators
• We have lots of data!
• We guesstimate a lot!
• Messy human behavior!
• Paintings, books, documents!
• Inches, miles, oceans!
• Years, decades, centuries!
• Easy to do in my world!
• Not possible in my world!
Digital/Technologists
• No you don’t!
• We are ridiculously exact!
• Obsessive rule followers!
• Numbers, dates, code!
• Pixels and bytes!
• Nanoseconds, next week!
• Really hard in my world!
• Easy to solve in my world!
Art Tracks:
Advancing scholarship
• Create bigger data sets by
standardizing and sharing data
• Data mining & pattern detection
• Visualizations
• New questions
Art Tracks:
Disrupting Museums
& Art History
• Objects become data;
collections become databases
• Data that can be reused, and
grows more valuable over time
• Multiple stories become possible
• A digital enterprise erasing
institutional & disciplinary
boundaries
Event-Based
Digital Art History
• Yale Center for British Art
• Freer and Sackler Galleries
• Getty Provenance Index
• Itinera, University of Pittsburgh
• Johnson Collection, PMA
• Mapping Titian, Boston University
• Six Degrees of Francis Bacon, CMU
• American Art Collaborative
• Palladio, Stanford
…and many, many more.

More Related Content

Similar to Art Tracks: From Provenance to Structured Data

Online Tools For Auction Research
Online Tools For Auction ResearchOnline Tools For Auction Research
Online Tools For Auction Research
watsonlibrary
 
History of film photo s2011
History of film photo s2011History of film photo s2011
History of film photo s2011
glowberry
 
Women Artists for LibGuide 2015 01
Women Artists for LibGuide 2015 01Women Artists for LibGuide 2015 01
Women Artists for LibGuide 2015 01
sschneidr
 

Similar to Art Tracks: From Provenance to Structured Data (19)

The Digital Aura: riffs on Walter Benjamin
The Digital Aura: riffs on Walter BenjaminThe Digital Aura: riffs on Walter Benjamin
The Digital Aura: riffs on Walter Benjamin
 
Grant Wood Essay
Grant Wood EssayGrant Wood Essay
Grant Wood Essay
 
Online Tools For Auction Research
Online Tools For Auction ResearchOnline Tools For Auction Research
Online Tools For Auction Research
 
Lorenzo Ghiberti
Lorenzo GhibertiLorenzo Ghiberti
Lorenzo Ghiberti
 
Fonsie Mealy Auctioneers Chatsworth Autumn Fine Art Sale 28,29,30 september 2020
Fonsie Mealy Auctioneers Chatsworth Autumn Fine Art Sale 28,29,30 september 2020Fonsie Mealy Auctioneers Chatsworth Autumn Fine Art Sale 28,29,30 september 2020
Fonsie Mealy Auctioneers Chatsworth Autumn Fine Art Sale 28,29,30 september 2020
 
HUM16: Progressive Era for slide share
HUM16: Progressive Era for slide shareHUM16: Progressive Era for slide share
HUM16: Progressive Era for slide share
 
artists responses to institutional archives
artists responses to institutional archivesartists responses to institutional archives
artists responses to institutional archives
 
History of film photo s2011
History of film photo s2011History of film photo s2011
History of film photo s2011
 
Museums in the Digital Age - Intro Remarks
Museums in the Digital Age - Intro RemarksMuseums in the Digital Age - Intro Remarks
Museums in the Digital Age - Intro Remarks
 
art and craft.ppt
art and craft.pptart and craft.ppt
art and craft.ppt
 
AS Art exam 2016_ Transformation
AS Art exam 2016_ TransformationAS Art exam 2016_ Transformation
AS Art exam 2016_ Transformation
 
Modernism
ModernismModernism
Modernism
 
HUM16: Progressive Era
HUM16: Progressive EraHUM16: Progressive Era
HUM16: Progressive Era
 
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTUREHISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE
 
ASP 1900-29
ASP 1900-29ASP 1900-29
ASP 1900-29
 
The roaring 20's
The roaring 20'sThe roaring 20's
The roaring 20's
 
Arts&crafts presentation sonn
Arts&crafts presentation sonnArts&crafts presentation sonn
Arts&crafts presentation sonn
 
Women Artists for LibGuide 2015 01
Women Artists for LibGuide 2015 01Women Artists for LibGuide 2015 01
Women Artists for LibGuide 2015 01
 
Alice Aycock
Alice AycockAlice Aycock
Alice Aycock
 

More from David Newbury

More from David Newbury (20)

Linked Data in Production: Moving Beyond Ontologies
Linked Data in Production: Moving Beyond OntologiesLinked Data in Production: Moving Beyond Ontologies
Linked Data in Production: Moving Beyond Ontologies
 
The LOD Gateway: Open Source Infrastructure for Linked Data
The LOD Gateway: Open Source Infrastructure for Linked DataThe LOD Gateway: Open Source Infrastructure for Linked Data
The LOD Gateway: Open Source Infrastructure for Linked Data
 
Linked Data on a Budget
Linked Data on a BudgetLinked Data on a Budget
Linked Data on a Budget
 
USE ME: progressive integration of IIIF with new software services at the Getty
USE ME: progressive integration of IIIF with new software services at the GettyUSE ME: progressive integration of IIIF with new software services at the Getty
USE ME: progressive integration of IIIF with new software services at the Getty
 
IIIF Across Platforms | IIIF Community Call, January 2021
IIIF Across Platforms | IIIF Community Call, January 2021IIIF Across Platforms | IIIF Community Call, January 2021
IIIF Across Platforms | IIIF Community Call, January 2021
 
IIIF Canvases as First Class Citizens
IIIF Canvases as First Class CitizensIIIF Canvases as First Class Citizens
IIIF Canvases as First Class Citizens
 
IIIF and Linked Open Data: LODLAM 2020
IIIF and Linked Open Data: LODLAM 2020IIIF and Linked Open Data: LODLAM 2020
IIIF and Linked Open Data: LODLAM 2020
 
How to Fail Interdisciplinarily
How to Fail InterdisciplinarilyHow to Fail Interdisciplinarily
How to Fail Interdisciplinarily
 
Sharing Data Across Memory Institutions
Sharing Data Across Memory InstitutionsSharing Data Across Memory Institutions
Sharing Data Across Memory Institutions
 
Extending IIIF 3.0
Extending IIIF 3.0Extending IIIF 3.0
Extending IIIF 3.0
 
NDSR Learning Enrichment: Data Models and Linked Data
NDSR Learning Enrichment: Data Models and Linked DataNDSR Learning Enrichment: Data Models and Linked Data
NDSR Learning Enrichment: Data Models and Linked Data
 
Fuzzy Dates & the Digital Humanities
Fuzzy Dates & the Digital HumanitiesFuzzy Dates & the Digital Humanities
Fuzzy Dates & the Digital Humanities
 
Telling Stories with Data: Class Notes 2
Telling Stories with Data:  Class Notes 2Telling Stories with Data:  Class Notes 2
Telling Stories with Data: Class Notes 2
 
Telling Stories With Data: Class 1
Telling Stories With Data: Class 1Telling Stories With Data: Class 1
Telling Stories With Data: Class 1
 
21st Century Provenance: Lessons Learned Building Art Tracks
21st Century Provenance:  Lessons Learned Building Art Tracks21st Century Provenance:  Lessons Learned Building Art Tracks
21st Century Provenance: Lessons Learned Building Art Tracks
 
Linked Data: Worse is Better
Linked Data:  Worse is BetterLinked Data:  Worse is Better
Linked Data: Worse is Better
 
Understanding D3
Understanding D3Understanding D3
Understanding D3
 
Art Tracks: A technical deep dive.
Art Tracks:  A technical deep dive.Art Tracks:  A technical deep dive.
Art Tracks: A technical deep dive.
 
Using Linked Data: American Art Collaborative, Oct. 3, 2016
Using Linked Data:  American Art Collaborative, Oct. 3, 2016Using Linked Data:  American Art Collaborative, Oct. 3, 2016
Using Linked Data: American Art Collaborative, Oct. 3, 2016
 
Data 101: Making Charts from Spreadsheets
Data 101: Making Charts from SpreadsheetsData 101: Making Charts from Spreadsheets
Data 101: Making Charts from Spreadsheets
 

Recently uploaded

Gloria Marquez Resume 2024pdf.pdf pdfpdf
Gloria Marquez Resume 2024pdf.pdf pdfpdfGloria Marquez Resume 2024pdf.pdf pdfpdf
Gloria Marquez Resume 2024pdf.pdf pdfpdf
gmarquez046
 
obat aborsi rembang wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di rembang9...
obat aborsi rembang wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di rembang9...obat aborsi rembang wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di rembang9...
obat aborsi rembang wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di rembang9...
yulianti213969
 
obat aborsi klaten wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di klaten54-...
obat aborsi klaten wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di klaten54-...obat aborsi klaten wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di klaten54-...
obat aborsi klaten wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di klaten54-...
yulianti213969
 
一比一原版(CCSF毕业证书)旧金山城市学院毕业证原件一模一样
一比一原版(CCSF毕业证书)旧金山城市学院毕业证原件一模一样一比一原版(CCSF毕业证书)旧金山城市学院毕业证原件一模一样
一比一原版(CCSF毕业证书)旧金山城市学院毕业证原件一模一样
basxuke
 
obat aborsi wonogiri wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di wonogir...
obat aborsi wonogiri wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di wonogir...obat aborsi wonogiri wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di wonogir...
obat aborsi wonogiri wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di wonogir...
yulianti213969
 
obat aborsi Lumajang wa 082135199655 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di Lumajang
obat aborsi Lumajang wa 082135199655 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di Lumajangobat aborsi Lumajang wa 082135199655 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di Lumajang
obat aborsi Lumajang wa 082135199655 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di Lumajang
siskavia95
 
一比一原版(Drexel毕业证书)美国芝加哥城市学院毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(Drexel毕业证书)美国芝加哥城市学院毕业证如何办理一比一原版(Drexel毕业证书)美国芝加哥城市学院毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(Drexel毕业证书)美国芝加哥城市学院毕业证如何办理
Fir
 
prodtion diary updated.pptxrfhkfjgjggjkgjk
prodtion diary updated.pptxrfhkfjgjggjkgjkprodtion diary updated.pptxrfhkfjgjggjkgjk
prodtion diary updated.pptxrfhkfjgjggjkgjk
LeonBraley
 
一比一定制英国赫特福德大学毕业证学位证书
一比一定制英国赫特福德大学毕业证学位证书一比一定制英国赫特福德大学毕业证学位证书
一比一定制英国赫特福德大学毕业证学位证书
AS
 
Short film analysis.pptxdddddddddddddddddddddddddddd
Short film analysis.pptxddddddddddddddddddddddddddddShort film analysis.pptxdddddddddddddddddddddddddddd
Short film analysis.pptxdddddddddddddddddddddddddddd
LeonBraley
 
Kala jadu MANPASAND shadi ka asli taweez dene wale amil baba in pakistan,kala...
Kala jadu MANPASAND shadi ka asli taweez dene wale amil baba in pakistan,kala...Kala jadu MANPASAND shadi ka asli taweez dene wale amil baba in pakistan,kala...
Kala jadu MANPASAND shadi ka asli taweez dene wale amil baba in pakistan,kala...
vishnuram11000
 
Sun day thang 4 sun life team trung dai
Sun day thang 4 sun life team trung daiSun day thang 4 sun life team trung dai
Sun day thang 4 sun life team trung dai
GiangTra20
 
prodtion diary updated.pptxyyghktyuitykiyu
prodtion diary updated.pptxyyghktyuitykiyuprodtion diary updated.pptxyyghktyuitykiyu
prodtion diary updated.pptxyyghktyuitykiyu
LeonBraley
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Gloria Marquez Resume 2024pdf.pdf pdfpdf
Gloria Marquez Resume 2024pdf.pdf pdfpdfGloria Marquez Resume 2024pdf.pdf pdfpdf
Gloria Marquez Resume 2024pdf.pdf pdfpdf
 
obat aborsi rembang wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di rembang9...
obat aborsi rembang wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di rembang9...obat aborsi rembang wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di rembang9...
obat aborsi rembang wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di rembang9...
 
obat aborsi klaten wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di klaten54-...
obat aborsi klaten wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di klaten54-...obat aborsi klaten wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di klaten54-...
obat aborsi klaten wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di klaten54-...
 
一比一原版(CCSF毕业证书)旧金山城市学院毕业证原件一模一样
一比一原版(CCSF毕业证书)旧金山城市学院毕业证原件一模一样一比一原版(CCSF毕业证书)旧金山城市学院毕业证原件一模一样
一比一原版(CCSF毕业证书)旧金山城市学院毕业证原件一模一样
 
Our great adventures in Warsaw - On arrival training
Our great adventures in Warsaw - On arrival trainingOur great adventures in Warsaw - On arrival training
Our great adventures in Warsaw - On arrival training
 
obat aborsi wonogiri wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di wonogir...
obat aborsi wonogiri wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di wonogir...obat aborsi wonogiri wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di wonogir...
obat aborsi wonogiri wa 081336238223 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di wonogir...
 
obat aborsi Lumajang wa 082135199655 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di Lumajang
obat aborsi Lumajang wa 082135199655 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di Lumajangobat aborsi Lumajang wa 082135199655 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di Lumajang
obat aborsi Lumajang wa 082135199655 jual obat aborsi cytotec asli di Lumajang
 
Reading 8 Artworks about books and readers
Reading 8 Artworks about books and readersReading 8 Artworks about books and readers
Reading 8 Artworks about books and readers
 
一比一原版(Drexel毕业证书)美国芝加哥城市学院毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(Drexel毕业证书)美国芝加哥城市学院毕业证如何办理一比一原版(Drexel毕业证书)美国芝加哥城市学院毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(Drexel毕业证书)美国芝加哥城市学院毕业证如何办理
 
Kiff
KiffKiff
Kiff
 
prodtion diary updated.pptxrfhkfjgjggjkgjk
prodtion diary updated.pptxrfhkfjgjggjkgjkprodtion diary updated.pptxrfhkfjgjggjkgjk
prodtion diary updated.pptxrfhkfjgjggjkgjk
 
Green Lantern the Animated Series Practice Boards by Phoebe Holmes.pdf
Green Lantern the Animated Series Practice Boards by Phoebe Holmes.pdfGreen Lantern the Animated Series Practice Boards by Phoebe Holmes.pdf
Green Lantern the Animated Series Practice Boards by Phoebe Holmes.pdf
 
一比一定制英国赫特福德大学毕业证学位证书
一比一定制英国赫特福德大学毕业证学位证书一比一定制英国赫特福德大学毕业证学位证书
一比一定制英国赫特福德大学毕业证学位证书
 
Hosewife Bangalore Just VIP Btm Layout 100% Genuine at your Door Step
Hosewife Bangalore Just VIP Btm Layout 100% Genuine at your Door StepHosewife Bangalore Just VIP Btm Layout 100% Genuine at your Door Step
Hosewife Bangalore Just VIP Btm Layout 100% Genuine at your Door Step
 
Gabriel Van Konynenburg _ Portfolio Visual
Gabriel Van Konynenburg _ Portfolio VisualGabriel Van Konynenburg _ Portfolio Visual
Gabriel Van Konynenburg _ Portfolio Visual
 
Short film analysis.pptxdddddddddddddddddddddddddddd
Short film analysis.pptxddddddddddddddddddddddddddddShort film analysis.pptxdddddddddddddddddddddddddddd
Short film analysis.pptxdddddddddddddddddddddddddddd
 
Kala jadu MANPASAND shadi ka asli taweez dene wale amil baba in pakistan,kala...
Kala jadu MANPASAND shadi ka asli taweez dene wale amil baba in pakistan,kala...Kala jadu MANPASAND shadi ka asli taweez dene wale amil baba in pakistan,kala...
Kala jadu MANPASAND shadi ka asli taweez dene wale amil baba in pakistan,kala...
 
Sun day thang 4 sun life team trung dai
Sun day thang 4 sun life team trung daiSun day thang 4 sun life team trung dai
Sun day thang 4 sun life team trung dai
 
prodtion diary updated.pptxyyghktyuitykiyu
prodtion diary updated.pptxyyghktyuitykiyuprodtion diary updated.pptxyyghktyuitykiyu
prodtion diary updated.pptxyyghktyuitykiyu
 
My scariest moment presentation-part one
My scariest moment presentation-part oneMy scariest moment presentation-part one
My scariest moment presentation-part one
 

Art Tracks: From Provenance to Structured Data

  • 1. Art Tracks From Provenance Texts to Structured Data Louise Lippincott Curator of Fine Arts Carnegie Museum of Art David Newbury Lead Developer, Art Tracks Carnegie Museum of Art
  • 4. Due Diligence: Inform Connoisseurship
  • 5. What can you do with it? The Analog World Unknown Florentine. Unknown collector, England, 1800? until 1857? [1]; Possibly Miss Rogers, London, in 1857 [2]; Collis P. Huntington [1821-1900], New York, NY, until 1900; by descent to Arabella D. Huntington, his widow [1851- 1924], New York, NY, 1900 until 1924 [3]; by descent to Archer Milton Huntington [1870-1955], New York, NY, 1924 until 1925 [4]; bequest to Metropolitan Museum of Art [1870-], New York, 1925 [5]; sold at American Art Galleries, New York, November 20, 1925, no. 106. Arthur E. Braun [-1976], Pittsburgh, until 1976. By descent to Mrs. Paul B. Ernst, his daughter, Pittsburgh, 1978 [6]; gift to Museum, in 1978. NOTES: 1. In England by the mid 19th century when restored by F. Leedham who was active in London c.1830-1860. 2. Waagen II p. 269. "Agnolo Bronzino. Portrait of Leonora di Toledo, wife of Cosimo I., Grand Duke of Tuscany; half the size of life. An admirable work, distinguished from most of the pictures by this master by the transparency and warmth of the flesh tones." 3. Collis P. Huntington passed life interest of this work to Arabella, his second wife, upon his death. Arabella married Henry E. Huntington [1850-1927], who was the nephew of Collis P. Huntington, in 1913. She is referred to as "Mrs. Henry E. Huntington" in documents after 1913. 4. Although life interest in this work was transfered to Archer Huntington from Arabella Huntington after her death, he terminated his life interest in 1925. 5. This was the bequest of Collis P. Huntington, but he gave life interest to his wife and then subsequently her son, before Archer terminated his life interest and gave the work in the Metropolitan. Arabella was a prolific collector, and at her death, this work, along with many others, were given by her son to the Metropolitan Museum. This was Metropolitan Museum accession number 25.110.131. 6. Her full name is Elizabeth Braun Ernst.
  • 6.
  • 7. What can you do with it? The Digital World The CMOA Provenance Standard A Linked Data representation of the AAM provenance recommendations. http://www.museumprovenance.org
  • 8. museum_provenance Software for automatically parsing provenance texts into structured data https://github.com/arttracks/museum_provenance What can you do with it? The Digital World
  • 9. Elysa A user interface for editing and visualizing provenance texts https://github.com/arttracks/elysa What can you do with it? The Digital World
  • 10. The Digital World Elysa, our user interface for editing provenance. (https://github.com/arttracks/elysa)
  • 11. Analog meets Digital: First Encounters Analog/Curators • We have lots of data! • We guesstimate a lot! • Messy human behavior! • Paintings, books, documents! • Inches, miles, oceans! • Years, decades, centuries! • Easy to do in my world! • Not possible in my world! Digital/Technologists • No you don’t! • We are ridiculously exact! • Obsessive rule followers! • Numbers, dates, code! • Pixels and bytes! • Nanoseconds, next week! • Really hard in my world! • Easy to solve in my world!
  • 12. Art Tracks: Advancing scholarship • Create bigger data sets by standardizing and sharing data • Data mining & pattern detection • Visualizations • New questions
  • 13. Art Tracks: Disrupting Museums & Art History • Objects become data; collections become databases • Data that can be reused, and grows more valuable over time • Multiple stories become possible • A digital enterprise erasing institutional & disciplinary boundaries
  • 14. Event-Based Digital Art History • Yale Center for British Art • Freer and Sackler Galleries • Getty Provenance Index • Itinera, University of Pittsburgh • Johnson Collection, PMA • Mapping Titian, Boston University • Six Degrees of Francis Bacon, CMU • American Art Collaborative • Palladio, Stanford …and many, many more.

Editor's Notes

  1. Thank Jane for inviting us, introduce ourselves, mention funders (IMLS, NEH, Kress, Paul Mellon)
  2. Text or gallery display