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Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence – a
Jibachha’s Textbook of
Introductory Animal Welfare and
Jurisprudence
(Besed on CTEVT SEE, Class XI, XII &
Diploma Level New Syllabus 2021)
Dr. Jibachha Sah
B.V.Sc. & A.H., M.V.Sc. (T.U.)
Master in Homeopathy Medicine
Laboratory Training, NDDB, Gujarat, India
Dr. Prabhakar Kumar Shah
B.V.Sc. & A.H. (P.U.), M.V.Sc. (Medicine, AFU)
Master in Homeopathy Medicine
Director
Dr. Jyoti Kumari Sah
B.V.Sc. & A.H. (T.U.), M.Sc. (Scholar)
Master in Homeopathy Medicine
Consultant Veterinary Physician
Jibachha’s Veterinary Hospital (P) Ltd.
Sanepa-2, Jhamsikhel, Lalitpur
JibachhaVeterinaryHospitalResearch&TrainingCenter(P.)Ltd.
Bharatpur-4, Narayangarh, Chitwan
E-mail: vhrtc@yahoo.com, Tel: +977-56-493726
Jibachha Publishing
(Veterinary Publisher and Distributors)
Bharatpur-4, Narayangarh, Chitwan, Nepal
E-mail: jibachhashah@gmail.com, Tel: +977-56-493726
Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence – b
Edited by : Dr. Jibachha Sah, Dr. Prabhakar Kumar Shah and Dr. Jyoti Kumari Sah
Copyright @ 01 March, 2023, Jibachha Publishing.
All right reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, store in
retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by means, electronic, mechanical,
photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of
the publisher.
Published by Jibachha’s Publishing
Bharatpur-4, Lankupul, Narayangarh, Chitwan, Nepal.
E-mail: jibachhashah@gmail.com
ISBN: 978-9937-8434-7-8
Price: Rs. 1150/-
Design & Setting:
NIK the designer, Narayangarh, Chitwan, Nepal, 9845053391
Jibachha’s Textbook of
Introductory Animal Welfare and
Jurisprudence
Copyright material
Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence – c
ABC : Animal Birth Control
ASPCA : American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to
Animals
B.V.Sc& A.H. : Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry
CAC : Codex Alimentarius Commission
D.V.M. : Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
DLS : Department of Livestock Services
F.P. : Feather pecking
HAI : Human-Animal Interaction
HART : Himalayan Animal Rescue Trust
HWC : Human-wildlife conflict
HAI : Human-Animal Interaction
IDA : in defense of animals
iMFA : mercy for animals
OIE : International des Epizooties
OIE : World Organization for Animal Health
PETA : People for the ethical Treatment of Animal
TIA : Tribhuvan International Airport
VHLEC : Veterinary and Livestock Expert Centers
WAHIS : World Animal Health Information Systems
ABBREVIATION
n
Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence – d
“Jibachha’sTextbookofIntroductoryAnimalWelfareandJurisprudence”,
is edited by Dr. Jibachha Sah (M.V.Sc.), Dr. Prabhakar Kumar Shah (M.V.Sc.
Vet. Med.), and Dr. Jyoti Kumari Sah (B.V.Sc. & A.H.), M.Sc. Scholar, with
sales of their previous 45 books.
This book is designed for SEE, Grade XI, and diploma-level CTEVT
students of veterinary science. The content of this book is based on the
CTEVT syllabus in Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare
and Jurisprudence. This book includes all the theory topics: introduction and
importance of animal welfare in domestic farming, applying animal welfare to
farming practices, animal welfare management, Society and animal welfare,
livestock services and institutions in Nepal, National visions and policies
of the livestock sector, laws and regulations related to veterinary services,
directives and guidelines for the livestock sector of Nepal, and introductions to
commonly used livestock systems in Nepal.
In the series of our 45 books on the veterinary clinical field, this book
is purely a syllabus-based book that is written with authentic textbooks
and references. This book is designed especially for veterinary students of
technical education in an easy, concise, understandable manner and with a
quick reference.
The authors’ extensive experience in publishing veterinary books
for students and coordinating animal health was heavily weighted in the
preparation of this course book; a serious student will thus find the book user-
friendly and easy to read and understand. We strongly believe that “Jibachha’s
Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence” adequately
meets the needs of veterinary students and teachers.
Dr. Prabhakar Kumar Shah
B.V.Sc. & A.H. (P.U.), M.V.Sc. (Medicine, AFU)
Dr. Jibachha Sah
B.V.Sc. & A.H., M.V.Sc. (T.U.)
Dr. Jyoti Kumari Sah
B.V.Sc. & A.H. (T.U.), M.Sc. (Scholar)
PREFACE
Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence – e
CONTENTS
Abbreviation
Preface
Unit 1: Concepts in animal welfare 1
1.1 Introduction and importance of animal welfare
in domestic farming 1
1.1.1 Animal Welfare - Introduction 1
1.1.2 Definition of animal welfare 2
1.1.3 The five freedoms of animal welfare 3
1.1.4 Importance of animal welfare 4
1.1.5 Five Domains of animal welfare 4
1.1.6 Animal welfare organization in Nepal 4
1.1.7 Legislation and policies having an impact on
livestock welfare 5
1.1.8 Role of veterinarian in animal welfare 7
1.1.9 Responsible ownership to animal welfare 10
1.1.10 Veterinary Jurisprudence definition 11
1.1.11 Veterinary ethics 11
1.1.12 Principles of veterinary medical ethics 11
1.1.13 Legal responsibilities of a veterinarian 11
1.1.14 Ethics important to veterinary science and medicine 11
1.1.15 Forensic medicine 12
1.1.16 Scope of forensic medicine 12
Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence – f
1.1.17 Branches of veterinary forensic medicine 12
1.1.18 Veterinarian needs fair knowledge of forensic medicine 13
1.1.19 Veterinary Jurisprudence 14
1.1.20 Difference between veterinary forensic medicine and
veterinary jurisprudence 14
1.1.21 Veterinarian and the law 14
1.1.22 Some terminology 15
Unit 2: Applying animal welfare: in farming practices 26
2.1 Principles and Criteria of good farm animal welfare 26
2.1.1 Principle of good farm animal welfare 26
2.2 Criteria of welfare problems 27
2.3 Behavioral measures of animal welfare 28
2.3.1 Feather pecking and cannibalism in laying hens 28
2.3.2 Tail biting in pigs 29
2.3.3 Lameness in broiler chickens 30
2.3.4 Lameness in dairy cattle 31
2.3.4 Neonatal mortality in pigs 31
2.4 Disease and production measures of animal welfare 32
2.4.1 Disease 32
2.5 Assessing welfare in practice 33
Unit 3: Animal Welfare Management 44
3.1 Diet, feeding and animal welfare 44
3.2 Livestock: slaughter and killing animals for disease control
purposes 46
3.3 Euthanasia and emergency killing 47
3.3.1 Euthanasia 48
3.4 Welfare of working animals 48
3.5 Animal welfare during transport and at markets 53
Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence – g
Unit 4: Society and animal welfare 61
4.1 Religion and animal welfare 61
4.2 Human conflict and animal welfare 63
4.3 Human animal interactions 68
4.4 Economics and animal welfare 69
4.5 Role of the technicians in animal welfare 69
4.5.1 Veterinary technicians employed in
a veterinary hospital 70
4.5.2 Career opportunities 70
4.5.3 Lab Animal Technician Duties & Responsibilities 71
4.6 Animal welfare under disaster 71
Unit 5: Livestock Services and Institutions in Nepal 78
5.1 World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) 78
5.2 Important Guidelines of OIE 78
5.3 Codex of OIE 80
5.4 Global strategy for animal disease control 81
Unit 6: National visions and policies of livestock sector 90
6.1 Livestock and veterinary services in Nepal’s constitution 90
6.2 Livestock and veterinary related issues in Muluki Ain 92
6.3 National Livestock Policy of Nepal 105
6.4 Prospects of livestock sector in National Plans 106
6.5 Livestock development strategy 107
Unit 7: Laws and regulations related with veterinary services 113
7.1 Animal Health and Livestock Services Act, 2055 and its
regulation 113
7.2 Animal Slaughterhouse and Meat Inspection Act 2055
and its regulation 118
Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence – h
7.3 Nepal Veterinary Council Act 2055 and its regulation 123
7.4 Feed Act, 2033 and its regulations 125
7.5 Food Act, 2023 and its regulations 128
Unit 8: Directives and guidelines of livestock sector of Nepal 133
8.1 Directives and guidelines of livestock services in Nepal 133
8.2 Bird Flu control order 134
8.3 Farm establishment guidelines 136
8.4 Live animal transport guidelines 139
Unit 9: Introductions to commonly used
livestock system in Nepal 141
9.1 Livestock services system in Nepal 141
9.2 Animal quarantine in Nepal 142
9.3 Insurance of Livestock 143
9.4 Banking and Finance policies towards livestock sector 146
Viva Practical Question Answer 154
n

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Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence Extra Pages Setting.pdf

  • 1. Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence – a Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence (Besed on CTEVT SEE, Class XI, XII & Diploma Level New Syllabus 2021) Dr. Jibachha Sah B.V.Sc. & A.H., M.V.Sc. (T.U.) Master in Homeopathy Medicine Laboratory Training, NDDB, Gujarat, India Dr. Prabhakar Kumar Shah B.V.Sc. & A.H. (P.U.), M.V.Sc. (Medicine, AFU) Master in Homeopathy Medicine Director Dr. Jyoti Kumari Sah B.V.Sc. & A.H. (T.U.), M.Sc. (Scholar) Master in Homeopathy Medicine Consultant Veterinary Physician Jibachha’s Veterinary Hospital (P) Ltd. Sanepa-2, Jhamsikhel, Lalitpur JibachhaVeterinaryHospitalResearch&TrainingCenter(P.)Ltd. Bharatpur-4, Narayangarh, Chitwan E-mail: vhrtc@yahoo.com, Tel: +977-56-493726 Jibachha Publishing (Veterinary Publisher and Distributors) Bharatpur-4, Narayangarh, Chitwan, Nepal E-mail: jibachhashah@gmail.com, Tel: +977-56-493726
  • 2. Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence – b Edited by : Dr. Jibachha Sah, Dr. Prabhakar Kumar Shah and Dr. Jyoti Kumari Sah Copyright @ 01 March, 2023, Jibachha Publishing. All right reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, store in retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Published by Jibachha’s Publishing Bharatpur-4, Lankupul, Narayangarh, Chitwan, Nepal. E-mail: jibachhashah@gmail.com ISBN: 978-9937-8434-7-8 Price: Rs. 1150/- Design & Setting: NIK the designer, Narayangarh, Chitwan, Nepal, 9845053391 Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence Copyright material
  • 3. Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence – c ABC : Animal Birth Control ASPCA : American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals B.V.Sc& A.H. : Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry CAC : Codex Alimentarius Commission D.V.M. : Doctor of Veterinary Medicine DLS : Department of Livestock Services F.P. : Feather pecking HAI : Human-Animal Interaction HART : Himalayan Animal Rescue Trust HWC : Human-wildlife conflict HAI : Human-Animal Interaction IDA : in defense of animals iMFA : mercy for animals OIE : International des Epizooties OIE : World Organization for Animal Health PETA : People for the ethical Treatment of Animal TIA : Tribhuvan International Airport VHLEC : Veterinary and Livestock Expert Centers WAHIS : World Animal Health Information Systems ABBREVIATION n
  • 4. Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence – d “Jibachha’sTextbookofIntroductoryAnimalWelfareandJurisprudence”, is edited by Dr. Jibachha Sah (M.V.Sc.), Dr. Prabhakar Kumar Shah (M.V.Sc. Vet. Med.), and Dr. Jyoti Kumari Sah (B.V.Sc. & A.H.), M.Sc. Scholar, with sales of their previous 45 books. This book is designed for SEE, Grade XI, and diploma-level CTEVT students of veterinary science. The content of this book is based on the CTEVT syllabus in Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence. This book includes all the theory topics: introduction and importance of animal welfare in domestic farming, applying animal welfare to farming practices, animal welfare management, Society and animal welfare, livestock services and institutions in Nepal, National visions and policies of the livestock sector, laws and regulations related to veterinary services, directives and guidelines for the livestock sector of Nepal, and introductions to commonly used livestock systems in Nepal. In the series of our 45 books on the veterinary clinical field, this book is purely a syllabus-based book that is written with authentic textbooks and references. This book is designed especially for veterinary students of technical education in an easy, concise, understandable manner and with a quick reference. The authors’ extensive experience in publishing veterinary books for students and coordinating animal health was heavily weighted in the preparation of this course book; a serious student will thus find the book user- friendly and easy to read and understand. We strongly believe that “Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence” adequately meets the needs of veterinary students and teachers. Dr. Prabhakar Kumar Shah B.V.Sc. & A.H. (P.U.), M.V.Sc. (Medicine, AFU) Dr. Jibachha Sah B.V.Sc. & A.H., M.V.Sc. (T.U.) Dr. Jyoti Kumari Sah B.V.Sc. & A.H. (T.U.), M.Sc. (Scholar) PREFACE
  • 5. Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence – e CONTENTS Abbreviation Preface Unit 1: Concepts in animal welfare 1 1.1 Introduction and importance of animal welfare in domestic farming 1 1.1.1 Animal Welfare - Introduction 1 1.1.2 Definition of animal welfare 2 1.1.3 The five freedoms of animal welfare 3 1.1.4 Importance of animal welfare 4 1.1.5 Five Domains of animal welfare 4 1.1.6 Animal welfare organization in Nepal 4 1.1.7 Legislation and policies having an impact on livestock welfare 5 1.1.8 Role of veterinarian in animal welfare 7 1.1.9 Responsible ownership to animal welfare 10 1.1.10 Veterinary Jurisprudence definition 11 1.1.11 Veterinary ethics 11 1.1.12 Principles of veterinary medical ethics 11 1.1.13 Legal responsibilities of a veterinarian 11 1.1.14 Ethics important to veterinary science and medicine 11 1.1.15 Forensic medicine 12 1.1.16 Scope of forensic medicine 12
  • 6. Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence – f 1.1.17 Branches of veterinary forensic medicine 12 1.1.18 Veterinarian needs fair knowledge of forensic medicine 13 1.1.19 Veterinary Jurisprudence 14 1.1.20 Difference between veterinary forensic medicine and veterinary jurisprudence 14 1.1.21 Veterinarian and the law 14 1.1.22 Some terminology 15 Unit 2: Applying animal welfare: in farming practices 26 2.1 Principles and Criteria of good farm animal welfare 26 2.1.1 Principle of good farm animal welfare 26 2.2 Criteria of welfare problems 27 2.3 Behavioral measures of animal welfare 28 2.3.1 Feather pecking and cannibalism in laying hens 28 2.3.2 Tail biting in pigs 29 2.3.3 Lameness in broiler chickens 30 2.3.4 Lameness in dairy cattle 31 2.3.4 Neonatal mortality in pigs 31 2.4 Disease and production measures of animal welfare 32 2.4.1 Disease 32 2.5 Assessing welfare in practice 33 Unit 3: Animal Welfare Management 44 3.1 Diet, feeding and animal welfare 44 3.2 Livestock: slaughter and killing animals for disease control purposes 46 3.3 Euthanasia and emergency killing 47 3.3.1 Euthanasia 48 3.4 Welfare of working animals 48 3.5 Animal welfare during transport and at markets 53
  • 7. Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence – g Unit 4: Society and animal welfare 61 4.1 Religion and animal welfare 61 4.2 Human conflict and animal welfare 63 4.3 Human animal interactions 68 4.4 Economics and animal welfare 69 4.5 Role of the technicians in animal welfare 69 4.5.1 Veterinary technicians employed in a veterinary hospital 70 4.5.2 Career opportunities 70 4.5.3 Lab Animal Technician Duties & Responsibilities 71 4.6 Animal welfare under disaster 71 Unit 5: Livestock Services and Institutions in Nepal 78 5.1 World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) 78 5.2 Important Guidelines of OIE 78 5.3 Codex of OIE 80 5.4 Global strategy for animal disease control 81 Unit 6: National visions and policies of livestock sector 90 6.1 Livestock and veterinary services in Nepal’s constitution 90 6.2 Livestock and veterinary related issues in Muluki Ain 92 6.3 National Livestock Policy of Nepal 105 6.4 Prospects of livestock sector in National Plans 106 6.5 Livestock development strategy 107 Unit 7: Laws and regulations related with veterinary services 113 7.1 Animal Health and Livestock Services Act, 2055 and its regulation 113 7.2 Animal Slaughterhouse and Meat Inspection Act 2055 and its regulation 118
  • 8. Jibachha’s Textbook of Introductory Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence – h 7.3 Nepal Veterinary Council Act 2055 and its regulation 123 7.4 Feed Act, 2033 and its regulations 125 7.5 Food Act, 2023 and its regulations 128 Unit 8: Directives and guidelines of livestock sector of Nepal 133 8.1 Directives and guidelines of livestock services in Nepal 133 8.2 Bird Flu control order 134 8.3 Farm establishment guidelines 136 8.4 Live animal transport guidelines 139 Unit 9: Introductions to commonly used livestock system in Nepal 141 9.1 Livestock services system in Nepal 141 9.2 Animal quarantine in Nepal 142 9.3 Insurance of Livestock 143 9.4 Banking and Finance policies towards livestock sector 146 Viva Practical Question Answer 154 n