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Prayer
Ms. Luzvie C. dela Concha
Subject Teacher
21st CENTURY LITERATURE
FROM
THE PHILIPPINES AND THE
WORLD
After going through this lesson, you are
expected to:
1. Identify geographic, linguistic, and ethnic
dimensions of Philippine Literary history
from pre-colonial to contemporary and
representative texts from the regions.
2. Write a close analysis and critical
interpretation of literary texts.
3. Show a sense of adaptability of the
Philippine Literary History
Subject Overview
Literature is a reflection of life and humanity.
Literature also allows us to live others’ lives
Subject Overview
21st Century Literature from the Philippines and the World is a
course/subject offered to Grade 11 Senior High School (SHS)
students.
This course is designed to make the students realize and appreciate the
significance of every piece of literature in the country and around the
world. Literature helps an individual become open-minded, develop
writing skills, improve critical thinking skills and become human. The
goal is to produce students who are ready to create their own pieces of
art.
GEOGRAPHIC, LINGUISTIC, AND
ETHNIC DIMENSIONS OF PHILIPPINE
LITERARY HISTORY FROM PRE-
COLONIAL TO THE CONTEMPORARY
(PART I)
21st CENTURY LITERATURE FROM THE PHILIPPINES AND THE
WORLD
The Philippines has gone through a
lot of things. May it be a war or
festivity, we owe it to the prolific
writers who generously shared their
experiences during a specific period
of time through literature.
Are you ready to travel from
different literary periods?
21st CENTURY LITERATURE FROM THE PHILIPPINES AND THE
WORLD
Lesson 1:
Pre-Colonial Period (1565)
and Spanish Period
(1566)
01.
● Literature is an enduring expression
of significant human experiences in
words well-chosen and arranged.
Concept Notes
Pre-Colonial Period (1565) and
Spanish Period (1565)
Pre-Colonial Period (1565) and
Spanish Period (1565)
Literary Periods Characteristics
a.Oral traditions
b.Written on leaves, tree
trunks, and caves
c.Literary pieces reflect
the ancestors’ way of
1. Pre-
Colonial
Period
(1565)
Pre-Colonial Period (1565) and
Spanish Period (1565)
Literary Periods Characteristics
d. The pre-colonial literature is characterized
by:
Folk Tales
-Tinguian Folktale (Abra) by Fay-Cooper Cole
told by Magwati of Lagangilang
-The Widow’s Son by Mabel Cook Cole told by
The Subanun Tribe (Mindanao)
-The Creation Myth by Mabel Cook Cole told
1. Pre-
Colonial
Period
(1565)
Pre-Colonial Period (1565) and
Spanish Period (1565)
Literary Periods Characteristics
d. The pre-colonial literature is characterized by:
Epic Age (Epics)
-Biag ni Lam-ang (Ilocos Region) -Ibalon (Bicol
Region)
-Maragtas (Visayas) -Hinilawod
-Parang Sabir (Moro)
Folk Songs
-Kundiman -Dalit o Imno
-Kumintang o Tagumpay -Oyayi o Hele
1. Pre-
Colonial
Period
(1565)
Pre-Colonial Period (1565) and
Spanish Period (1565)
Literary Periods Characteristics
a. Religious and secular prose and poetry
were introduced.
b. Alibata was replaced by Roman Alphabet.
c. Literary pieces reflect the influence of
Christianity.
d. European legends and traditions brought in
the country became assimilated in our songs,
corridos, and moro-moros.
2. Spanish
Period (1566-
1871)
Pre-Colonial Period (1565) and
Spanish Period (1565)
Literary Periods Characteristics
e. Folk Songs – They manifest the artistic
feelings of the Filipinos and their innate
appreciation for love and beauty.
-Leron-Leron Sinta -Sarong Banggi
-Pamulinawen -Atin Cu Pung Sing-Sing
-Dandansoy
f. Recreational Plays
-Cenaculo -Salubong
-Panunuluyan -Zarzuela
2. Spanish
Period (1566-
1871)
Pre-Colonial Period (1565) and
Spanish Period (1565)
Literary Periods Characteristics
g. Literary forms:
Two distinct classifications:
1. Religious – literary pieces included
catechism or the teachings of Catholics
Pasion – long narrative about the
passion, death, and resurrection of
Jesus Christ
Cenaculo – dramatization of the
2. Spanish
Period (1566-
1871)
Cenakulo
Festival
Pre-Colonial Period (1565) and
Spanish Period (1565)
Literary Periods Characteristics
g. Literary forms:
Two distinct classifications:
2. Secular – nonreligious literature
Songs – colorful tales made to sing
and chant
Corrido – metrical tale
Prose
2. Spanish
Period (1566-
1871)
Activity#
1
Directions: Using a Venn
diagram, present the
similarities and differences of
the characteristics of
Philippine literature during the
Pre-colonial Period and
Spanish Period.
21st CENTURY LITERATURE FROM THE PHILIPPINES AND THE
WORLD
Lesson 2:
Period Of Enlightenment
(1872-1898) And The
American Regime (1898-
1944)
02.
Period Of Enlightenment (1872-1898)
And The American Regime (1898-
1944)
Literary Periods Characteristics
In 19th century, Filipino
intellectuals wrote
about the hitch of
colonization.
3. Period of
Enlightenmen
t (1872-1898)
Period Of Enlightenment (1872-1898)
And The American Regime (1898-
1944)
Literary Periods Characteristics
The Propaganda Movement
(1872-1896) was headed mostly
by the intellectual middle class
known as the Illustrados (Jose
Rizal, Marcelo H. Del Pilar,
Graciano Lopez-Jaena, Antonio
Luna, Mariano Ponce, Jose
Maria Panganiban, and Pedro
3. Period of
Enlightenmen
t (1872-1898)
Period Of Enlightenment (1872-1898)
And The American Regime (1898-
1944)
Literary Periods Characteristics
The Illustrados used the
power of the pen to ignite
the Filipinos’ patriotic
spirit to fight for the cause
of freedom.
3. Period of
Enlightenmen
t (1872-1898)
Period Of Enlightenment (1872-1898)
And The American Regime (1898-
1944)
Literary Periods Characteristics
Examples of literary pieces
are:
Jose Rizal
-Noli Me Tangere
-Mi Ultimo Adios
-Sobre La Indolencia Delos
Filipinos
3. Period of
Enlightenmen
t (1872-1898)
Period Of Enlightenment (1872-1898)
And The American Regime (1898-
1944)
Literary Periods Characteristics
Examples of literary pieces
are:
Marcelo H. Del Pilar (Plaridel)
-Kaingat Kayo
-Dasalan at Tocsohan
Graciano Lopez Jaena
-Fray Botod
-La Hija Del Fraile
3. Period of
Enlightenmen
t (1872-1898)
Period Of Enlightenment (1872-1898)
And The American Regime (1898-
1944)
Literary Periods Characteristics
a. English became the medium
of instruction.
b. Americans influenced Filipino
writers to write using the English
language. Filipino writers
transitioned from using regional
languages and Spanish to
4. The
American
Regime (1898-
1944)
Period Of Enlightenment (1872-1898)
And The American Regime (1898-
1944)
Literary Periods Characteristics
c. Literary forms:
 Newspaper
 Magazines
 Short stories
 Poetry
4. The
American
Regime (1898-
1944)
Watch the sample of the zarzuela
and then do the group activity
below:
Go to your group, plan a zarzuela to be
performed next meeting. The list of
characters, the plot, and your scripts will
be passed today. You will be graded
base on the rubrics given:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P2iPV4zQ5fY
Exercise
2
Directions: Choose one between the two
literary periods presented in this lesson—The
Period of Enlightenment and The American
Regime. Then, draw a picture that will show the
characteristics of Philippine literature during the
literary period you have chosen. Provide also a
brief explanation about your work. You may
accomplish your illustration inside the box
provided below and refer to the given rubric for
the evaluation of your work.
21st century literature 2nd Quarter (week 1 and 2 lesson 5)
21st century literature 2nd Quarter (week 1 and 2 lesson 5)
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21st century literature 2nd Quarter (week 1 and 2 lesson 5)

  • 2. Ms. Luzvie C. dela Concha Subject Teacher
  • 3. 21st CENTURY LITERATURE FROM THE PHILIPPINES AND THE WORLD
  • 4. After going through this lesson, you are expected to: 1. Identify geographic, linguistic, and ethnic dimensions of Philippine Literary history from pre-colonial to contemporary and representative texts from the regions. 2. Write a close analysis and critical interpretation of literary texts. 3. Show a sense of adaptability of the Philippine Literary History
  • 5. Subject Overview Literature is a reflection of life and humanity. Literature also allows us to live others’ lives
  • 6. Subject Overview 21st Century Literature from the Philippines and the World is a course/subject offered to Grade 11 Senior High School (SHS) students. This course is designed to make the students realize and appreciate the significance of every piece of literature in the country and around the world. Literature helps an individual become open-minded, develop writing skills, improve critical thinking skills and become human. The goal is to produce students who are ready to create their own pieces of art.
  • 7. GEOGRAPHIC, LINGUISTIC, AND ETHNIC DIMENSIONS OF PHILIPPINE LITERARY HISTORY FROM PRE- COLONIAL TO THE CONTEMPORARY (PART I) 21st CENTURY LITERATURE FROM THE PHILIPPINES AND THE WORLD
  • 8. The Philippines has gone through a lot of things. May it be a war or festivity, we owe it to the prolific writers who generously shared their experiences during a specific period of time through literature.
  • 9. Are you ready to travel from different literary periods?
  • 10. 21st CENTURY LITERATURE FROM THE PHILIPPINES AND THE WORLD Lesson 1: Pre-Colonial Period (1565) and Spanish Period (1566) 01.
  • 11. ● Literature is an enduring expression of significant human experiences in words well-chosen and arranged. Concept Notes Pre-Colonial Period (1565) and Spanish Period (1565)
  • 12. Pre-Colonial Period (1565) and Spanish Period (1565) Literary Periods Characteristics a.Oral traditions b.Written on leaves, tree trunks, and caves c.Literary pieces reflect the ancestors’ way of 1. Pre- Colonial Period (1565)
  • 13. Pre-Colonial Period (1565) and Spanish Period (1565) Literary Periods Characteristics d. The pre-colonial literature is characterized by: Folk Tales -Tinguian Folktale (Abra) by Fay-Cooper Cole told by Magwati of Lagangilang -The Widow’s Son by Mabel Cook Cole told by The Subanun Tribe (Mindanao) -The Creation Myth by Mabel Cook Cole told 1. Pre- Colonial Period (1565)
  • 14.
  • 15. Pre-Colonial Period (1565) and Spanish Period (1565) Literary Periods Characteristics d. The pre-colonial literature is characterized by: Epic Age (Epics) -Biag ni Lam-ang (Ilocos Region) -Ibalon (Bicol Region) -Maragtas (Visayas) -Hinilawod -Parang Sabir (Moro) Folk Songs -Kundiman -Dalit o Imno -Kumintang o Tagumpay -Oyayi o Hele 1. Pre- Colonial Period (1565)
  • 16.
  • 17. Pre-Colonial Period (1565) and Spanish Period (1565) Literary Periods Characteristics a. Religious and secular prose and poetry were introduced. b. Alibata was replaced by Roman Alphabet. c. Literary pieces reflect the influence of Christianity. d. European legends and traditions brought in the country became assimilated in our songs, corridos, and moro-moros. 2. Spanish Period (1566- 1871)
  • 18.
  • 19. Pre-Colonial Period (1565) and Spanish Period (1565) Literary Periods Characteristics e. Folk Songs – They manifest the artistic feelings of the Filipinos and their innate appreciation for love and beauty. -Leron-Leron Sinta -Sarong Banggi -Pamulinawen -Atin Cu Pung Sing-Sing -Dandansoy f. Recreational Plays -Cenaculo -Salubong -Panunuluyan -Zarzuela 2. Spanish Period (1566- 1871)
  • 20.
  • 21.
  • 22. Pre-Colonial Period (1565) and Spanish Period (1565) Literary Periods Characteristics g. Literary forms: Two distinct classifications: 1. Religious – literary pieces included catechism or the teachings of Catholics Pasion – long narrative about the passion, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ Cenaculo – dramatization of the 2. Spanish Period (1566- 1871)
  • 24. Pre-Colonial Period (1565) and Spanish Period (1565) Literary Periods Characteristics g. Literary forms: Two distinct classifications: 2. Secular – nonreligious literature Songs – colorful tales made to sing and chant Corrido – metrical tale Prose 2. Spanish Period (1566- 1871)
  • 25.
  • 26.
  • 27. Activity# 1 Directions: Using a Venn diagram, present the similarities and differences of the characteristics of Philippine literature during the Pre-colonial Period and Spanish Period.
  • 28. 21st CENTURY LITERATURE FROM THE PHILIPPINES AND THE WORLD Lesson 2: Period Of Enlightenment (1872-1898) And The American Regime (1898- 1944) 02.
  • 29. Period Of Enlightenment (1872-1898) And The American Regime (1898- 1944) Literary Periods Characteristics In 19th century, Filipino intellectuals wrote about the hitch of colonization. 3. Period of Enlightenmen t (1872-1898)
  • 30. Period Of Enlightenment (1872-1898) And The American Regime (1898- 1944) Literary Periods Characteristics The Propaganda Movement (1872-1896) was headed mostly by the intellectual middle class known as the Illustrados (Jose Rizal, Marcelo H. Del Pilar, Graciano Lopez-Jaena, Antonio Luna, Mariano Ponce, Jose Maria Panganiban, and Pedro 3. Period of Enlightenmen t (1872-1898)
  • 31. Period Of Enlightenment (1872-1898) And The American Regime (1898- 1944) Literary Periods Characteristics The Illustrados used the power of the pen to ignite the Filipinos’ patriotic spirit to fight for the cause of freedom. 3. Period of Enlightenmen t (1872-1898)
  • 32. Period Of Enlightenment (1872-1898) And The American Regime (1898- 1944) Literary Periods Characteristics Examples of literary pieces are: Jose Rizal -Noli Me Tangere -Mi Ultimo Adios -Sobre La Indolencia Delos Filipinos 3. Period of Enlightenmen t (1872-1898)
  • 33. Period Of Enlightenment (1872-1898) And The American Regime (1898- 1944) Literary Periods Characteristics Examples of literary pieces are: Marcelo H. Del Pilar (Plaridel) -Kaingat Kayo -Dasalan at Tocsohan Graciano Lopez Jaena -Fray Botod -La Hija Del Fraile 3. Period of Enlightenmen t (1872-1898)
  • 34. Period Of Enlightenment (1872-1898) And The American Regime (1898- 1944) Literary Periods Characteristics a. English became the medium of instruction. b. Americans influenced Filipino writers to write using the English language. Filipino writers transitioned from using regional languages and Spanish to 4. The American Regime (1898- 1944)
  • 35. Period Of Enlightenment (1872-1898) And The American Regime (1898- 1944) Literary Periods Characteristics c. Literary forms:  Newspaper  Magazines  Short stories  Poetry 4. The American Regime (1898- 1944)
  • 36. Watch the sample of the zarzuela and then do the group activity below: Go to your group, plan a zarzuela to be performed next meeting. The list of characters, the plot, and your scripts will be passed today. You will be graded base on the rubrics given:
  • 38.
  • 39. Exercise 2 Directions: Choose one between the two literary periods presented in this lesson—The Period of Enlightenment and The American Regime. Then, draw a picture that will show the characteristics of Philippine literature during the literary period you have chosen. Provide also a brief explanation about your work. You may accomplish your illustration inside the box provided below and refer to the given rubric for the evaluation of your work.