The Nasrid Palace, Alhambra
Semi-circular arch Segmental arch/
Flat Arch
Pointed arch/
Olive Arch
Horseshoe arch Trifoiled arch
The revolutionary aspect of the Byzantine dome was
that it was set on a building of square plan. The
problems in the corne...
pendentive
A unique feature of Islamic architecture, 'muqarnas' is an Arabic word to describe
a 'stalactite vault', the complex geome...
model of an abstract building with three different types of muqarnas:
a portal, a column capital, and a window recess.
Alhambra , the Nasrid Palace
Isfahan , Iran
The exterior is very massive
4 pencil minarets were
lately added after 1453
It has a square plan with a nave and galleried aisles
- Structurally new innovation. A centralized building on a large
scale
- It has a rectangle plan with a nave and galleried...
Structurally new innovation
Symbolically it was a physical representation
between empire and church , for the Byzantine
mind the cube surmounted by a ...
Was finished in 537; because of the two earthquakes
in 553,557 some damages occurred as a result of
original weakness of s...
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3
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1.a.islamic.decoration - Lecture 3

  1. 1. The Nasrid Palace, Alhambra
  2. 2. Semi-circular arch Segmental arch/ Flat Arch Pointed arch/ Olive Arch Horseshoe arch Trifoiled arch
  3. 3. The revolutionary aspect of the Byzantine dome was that it was set on a building of square plan. The problems in the corners, the solution was the squinch Squinches did not provide solution the heavy weight of the dome runs down to the columns and not to the bearing walls, the answer was the pendentive – curving triangles- example – Hagia Sophia –
  4. 4. pendentive
  5. 5. A unique feature of Islamic architecture, 'muqarnas' is an Arabic word to describe a 'stalactite vault', the complex geometric interlacing of components to produce a three-dimensional surface that was used both for volume and ornamentation. It was developed in the mid 10th century and was later adopted throughout the Islamic world.
  6. 6. model of an abstract building with three different types of muqarnas: a portal, a column capital, and a window recess.
  7. 7. Alhambra , the Nasrid Palace
  8. 8. Isfahan , Iran
  9. 9. The exterior is very massive 4 pencil minarets were lately added after 1453
  10. 10. It has a square plan with a nave and galleried aisles
  11. 11. - Structurally new innovation. A centralized building on a large scale - It has a rectangle plan with a nave and galleried aisles ( 71* 77 meters) - Centralized and axial plan as well - It has shallow central dome ( almost is big as the Pantheon), rises 36.6 meters from the ground and a total height of 54.9 meters
  12. 12. Structurally new innovation
  13. 13. Symbolically it was a physical representation between empire and church , for the Byzantine mind the cube surmounted by a dome was a model of universe, the earth covered with the dome of heaven
  14. 14. Was finished in 537; because of the two earthquakes in 553,557 some damages occurred as a result of original weakness of some parts because of the speed of construction. For the slow setting lime mortar allowed the arches, pendetives, and buttressing half domes to deform and spread out as they rose.

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