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Kim Fortun “Data Governance By Design:Challenges in Building Research Infrastructure”


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UC Davis, An Open Digital Global South

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Kim Fortun “Data Governance By Design:Challenges in Building Research Infrastructure”

  1. 1. Data Governance By Design: Challenges in Building Research Infrastructure Kim Fortun, RPI May 2017
  2. 2. PECE DESIGN GROUP Lindsay Poirier, Platform Architect Dominic DiFranzo, Semantics Alli Morgan, Research Curator Brian Callahan, Installation Mike Fortun, Platform Lead Kim Fortun. Project Lead Brandon Costelloe-Kuehn, Metadata Pedro de la Torre, Experiments Dan Price, Philosopher Luis Felipe Murillo, Data Management
  3. 3. From the Trobriands to ToxPi
  4. 4. Platforms, and Research Projects
  5. 5. Theoretical genealogy Use cases Small team, mixed skills Research ecology mapping analysis Delineate design logics Expert reviews and evaluation Leverage technology infrastructure Rapid prototype Evolve, iterate, redesign, redeploy Evaluate eHumanities framework
  6. 6. PECE IN LAYERS STORAGE AND SYSTEM ADMIN Tetherless Internet Archive IDEA? HASS? Other? PLATFORM AND MODULE DEVELOPMENT PECE Rgroup Taller/Agaric STANDARDS AND POLICIES (for metadata, data management, attribution) RDA/DPHE-IG DATA SERVICES (for data type registries, PIDs, etc.) Folsom Library? DARIAH-Like organization? ETHICAL LEGAL & GOVERNANCE SUPPORT (copyright/user agreements. collaboration contracts) Berkman Center for Internet and Law? PECE may then support…. ● (NSF) Data management compliance ● Varied (experimental) research groups ● Critical, interdisciplinary data education 9
  9. 9. Six+ Cities Air Pollution Project
  10. 10. What technical systems produce and help control air pollution in this city?
  12. 12. PECE ARCHIVING .
  15. 15. PECE provides “light structures” to support collaboration between researchers, and the nesting of many different and distinctive projects within the larger project structure. PECE as NESTED GROUPINGS THE ASTHMA FILES DISASTER STS NETWORK BHOPAL FUKUSHIMA NUCLEARITY SIX+ CITIES DELH I AIR DATA SAHEB DISSERTATION STHMA WLEDGES INTERVIEWS IN ASTRONOMY POIRIER PECE
  16. 16. toward collaborative hermeneutics and kaleidoscopic perspective
  17. 17. toward hermeneutic computing
  18. 18. Platform for Experimental, Collaborative Ethnography An open source research platform that can support a wide array of projects and groups involved in collaborative ethnographic projects.  Designed to support ethnographic projects focused on complex conditions involving multiple sites, scales, and types of data.  Designed to nest many projects within a larger project structure, preserving the individual project specificity crucial in humanities research and graduate education.  Has developed new genres for ethnographic argumentation and expression, and is experimenting with new modes of peer review.  Provides ways to involves diverse users/readers – students, affected communities, different professional communities -- in the ethnographic process.  Designed to embody critical theoretical perspective on language, knowledge and culture.
  19. 19. Devious design Strategies of writing and of reading are forms of cultural resistance. Not only can they work to turn dominant discourses inside out (and show that it can be done), to undercut their enunciation and address, to unearth the archaeological stratifications on which they are built; but in affirming the historical existence of irreducible contradictions for women in discourse, they also challenge theory in its own terms, the terms of a semiotic space constructed in language, its power based on social validation and well-established modes of enunciation and address; So well-established that, paradoxically, the only way to position oneself outside of that discourse is to displace oneself within it - to refuse the question as formulated, or to answer deviously (though in its words), even to quote (but against the grain). The limit posed but not worked through in this book is thus the contradiction of feminist theory itself, at once excluded from discourse and imprisoned within it. The horizon of the present work is the question, scarcely broached as yet within feminist theory, of the politics of representation (Lauretis 1984, 7).
  20. 20. Ab-usive systems Hendler, J. & Hugill, A. 2013. "The syzygy surfer:(Ab) using the semantic web to inspire creativity." International Journal of Creative Computing1.1: 20-34. "But creative uses of the web are not the sole province of ‘artists’ as such, and may extend into self-expression as an aspect of personal or cultural identity, in a more utilitarian context or indeed in gaming. Creative users of the web may find amusing ways to abuse (or, more politely, creatively experiment with) the technology, as artists have always done, but in the vast majority of cases the limits of such fruitful play are set by software engineering." (21) Spivak, G. 2012. An Aesthetic Education in the Era of Globalization. Harvard University Press. "In 1992, asked to give the first T.B. Davie Memorial lecture at the University of Cape Town after the lifting of apartheid, I suggested that we learn to use the European Enlightenment from below. I used the expression "ab-use" because the Latin prefix "ab" says much more than "below." Indicating both "motion away" and "agency, point of origin," "supporting," as well as "the duties of slaves," it nicely captures the double bind of the postcolonial and the metropolitan migrant regarding the Enlightenment. We want the public sphere gains and private sphere constraints of the Enlightenment; yet we must also find something relating to "our own history" to counteract the fact that the Enlightenment came, to colonizer and colonized alike, through colonialism, to support a destructive "free trade," and that top-down policy breaches of Enlightenment principles are more rule than exception. This distinguishes our efforts from the best in the modern European attempts to use the European Enlightenment critically, with which we are in sympathy, enough to subvert! But "ab-use" can be a misleading neographism, and come to mean simply "abuse." That should be so far from our intentions that I thought to sacrifice precision and range and simply say "from below." This too rankles, for it assumes that "we," whoever we are, are below the level of the Enlightenment. A double bind, again." (4-5)
  21. 21. !34! II.Ethnographicworkflowandproposedproject To-do in proposed project continuing continuing add RDF micro-attribution and workflow provenance to node add RDF micro-attribution and workflow provenance to node add RDF micro-attribution and workflow provenance to entity add RDF micro-attribution and workflow provenance to web form responses build mash-up aggregator and visualization tool, add RDF micro-attribution and workflow provenance to view add RDF micro-attribution and workflow provenance to view add RDF micro-attribution and workflow provenance to node establish citational best practices based on micro-attributions and provenance PECE supporting infrastructure (including type of content) Shared group bibliography in Zotero Artifact creation as node Zotero and Biblio entry creation as node Annotation creation as entity (questions become fields in web form) Annotation response creation as field responses To build with proposed funding Timeline, photo essay, map creation as view Memo creation as node Publication creation (many forms) Visibility in traditional ethnographic workflow invisible invisible visible visible invisible visible invisible visible invisible visible Stages in experimental ethnography workflow theoretical engagement translation of theory into elicitation structures (observation guides, interview questions) artifact collection (field notes, photographs, recorded interviews, video documentation) artifact archiving development of analytically structured annotations structured annotation enrichment (with free text, hyperlinks) annotation disaggregation and mash-ups play with alternative visualizations (timelines, photo essays, maps, etc.). cultural analysis (individual or collaborative) translation of analysis into essays and other literary texts
  22. 22. light structure as structured annotations
  23. 23. Steps Toward Ecologies of Experimental Systems