Tense review


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Brief Tense Review for you to learn more about English tenses.

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Tense review

  1. 1. TENSE REVIEW Strictly speaking, in English, only two tenses are marked in the verb alone, present (as in "he sings") and past (as in "he sang"). Other English language tenses, as many as thirty of them, are marked by other words called auxiliaries. Understanding the basic tenses allows one to re-create much of the reality of time in his skill production. ENGLISH TENSES SO FAR… Tense Affirmative/Negative/Question Use Signal Words Simple present A: He speaks. N: He does not speak. Q: Does he speak? action in the present taking place once, never or several times facts/realities actions taking place one after another action set by a timetable or schedule always, every …, never, normally, often, seldom , sometimes, usually
  2. 2. Present progressive A: He is speaking. N: He is not speaking. Q: Is he speaking? action taking place in the moment of speaking action taking place only for a limited period of time action arranged for the future at the moment, just, just now, Listen!, Look!, now, right now Simple past A: He spoke. N: He did not speak. Q: Did he speak? action in the past taking place once, never or several times actions taking place one after another action taking place in the middle of another action yesterday, 2 minutes ago, in 1990, the other day, last Friday Past progressive A: He was speaking. N: He was not speaking. Q: Was he speaking? action going on at a certain time in the past actions taking place at the same time action in the past that is interrupted by another action when, while, as long as
  3. 3. Future with going to A: I’m hungry, I’m going to get something to eat. N: She’s not going to travel next vacation. Q: Are you going to visit your friends after class? decision made for the future conclusion with regard to the future in one year, next week, tomorrow Present perfect A: He has spoken. N: He has not spoken. Q: Has he spoken? putting emphasis on the result action that is still going on action that stopped recently finished action that has an influence on the present action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking already, ever, just, never, not yet, so far, till now, up to now
  4. 4. REGULAR VERBS FORMATION AND PRONUNCIATION The simple past tense is one of the most common tenses in English. Its form is the same with all subjects. It is usually formed by adding -ED to the verb. However, with some verbs, you need to add -D or change the ending a little. Here are the rules: Verb ending in... How to make the simple past Examples E Add -D live lived date dated Consonant +y Change y to i, then add -ED try tried cry cried One vowel + one consonant (but NOT w or y) Double the consonant, then add - ED tap tapped commit committed anything else including w Add -ED boil boiled fill filled hand handed show showed