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Gerunds

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Gerunds

  1. 1. A gerund (an – ing form of a verb) functions as a noun. Gerunds can be subjects, objects, or subject complements. • Painting is my favorite leisure-time activity. (subject) • I love painting. (direct object) • I read a book about the history of painting (after a preposition, in this case “of”) • My favorite activity is painting (subject complement) CERTAIN VERBS ARE FOLLOWED BY GERUNDS • Avoid, can’t help, can’t stand, consider, discuss, dislike, enjoy, feel like, finish, (don’t mind), practice, quit, suggest. CERTAIN VERBS ARE FOLLOWED BY INFINITIVES • Agree, be sure, choose, decide, expect, hope, learn, need, plan, promise, refuse, seem, want, wish, would like. GERUNDS
  2. 2. OTHER VERBS CAN BE FOLLOWED BY A GERUND OR AN INFINITIVE: NEGATIVE GERUNDS A gerund can be made negative by using the word “not” or “never” before it. • I like not going to bed too late. • They complained about never having enough time Begin, continue, hate, like, love, prefer, start. NEGATIVE GERUNDS A gerund can be made negative by using the word “not” or “never” before it. • I like not going to bed too late. • They complained about never having enough time

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