MAIN AIM: To express greetings, farewells, and personal information from yourself and others.
The Verb Be
INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH BE:
•Use Who to ask about people, What to ask about things, Where to ask about places, and How old to ask about age.
Singular nouns Plural nouns
Who’s your teacher? Who are the new students?
What’s your name? What are their names?
Where is your father from? Where are your classmates from?
How old is your sister? How old are your children?
I = my My dog is black and white
You = your Your house is wonderful and huge
He = his His sweater is nice
She = her Her career is very demanding
It = its its fur is thick
We = our our university is interesting
They = their their car is a Volvo
WHO = People
WHAT= Things, objects
HOW OLD = Age
Use the verb be to give information about the subject of a sentence. The subject of a sentence can be a noun or a pronoun
The teacher is Japanese. We’re Peruvian
(noun) (Adjective) (pronoun) (adjective)
Verb be: Forms
There are three forms of the verb be in the present tense: AM, ARE and IS.
I am a student We are married
Your are Carlos They are Canadian.
She is in the room
In speaking and informal writing, contract be with subject nouns and pronouns.
I am a student = I’m a student. He is in the room = he’s in the room.
You are late = you’re late Peter is a singer = Peter’s a singer.
There are two ways to contract in negative sentences.
He’s not Brazilian = He isn’t Brazilian They’re not teachers = they aren’t teachers.
*There’s only one kind of negative contraction for I am not: I’m not.
Verb be: Yes/no questions; affirmative and negative short answers
It’s common to answer yes/no questions with short answers, don’t use contractions with affirmative short answers.
YES / NO QUESTION AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE
Are you a salesperson? Yes, I am. No I’m not.
Is he Italian? Yes, he is. No, he’s not / he isn’t
Are they students? Yes, they are. No, they’re not / they aren’t
See you later
See you soon
See you tomorrow