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National parks of pakistan final


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National Parks of Pakistan.
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National parks of pakistan final

  4. 4. Bird Eye View
  5. 5. Definition of park History Purpose and Objective List of National Parks
  6. 6. History of National Parks: . William Wordsworth in 1810. . George Catliv in 1832. . 1st practical effort on 20th April 1832. . 2nd effort on 30th June 1864.
  7. 7. Prohibited Acts: * Firing of Guns • Hunting, trapping, killing, capturing, shooting • Burning, destroying and removal of plants. •Clearing of lands for cultivation. • Construction of roads, lines etc • Surface Mining
  8. 8. National Parks are categorized in: * Wild Sanctuary: sanctuary is established by the modification and abolished by the same procedure. * Games Reserve: hunting are allowed under special permit. •Zoo: Animals are kept under the special custody.
  9. 9. Protected Areas in Parks Sales National parks Wildlife Sanctuary Games Reserved Hunting Aras 26 78 100 99
  10. 10. . 6,555 National Parks all over the World. . 26 Parks exist in Pakistan. . Covered area of about 29,589 sq km . 3% of total area of country 1696096 sq km.
  11. 11. of IUCN. . Only few of them are under the conservation supervision of Respective Provincial Government. . Out of 26 parks in Pakistan only 22 are under History of National Parks in Pakistan
  12. 12. . Protection and conservation of environment of Pakistan was included in 1973 constitution, which result the establishment of EPO in 1983 regulated by Environment and Urban Affairs Division.
  13. 13. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Series 1 Series 1 Province vise Distribution of N.Ps
  14. 14. Located in Rawalpindi Smallest National Park of Pakistan. Established before the creation of Pakistan covers an area of 2,300 acres (930 ha) acres. Historically known asAyub Park or historically Topi Rakh Park (Rakh lit. reserve in Potwari)
  15. 15. It has ① a play area ② Lake with boating facility, ❸An aquarium, ❹A garden restaurant ⑤an open air theater
  16. 16. Lal Sohanra National Park
  17. 17. Oldest National park of Pakistan Established in 1972. Located in Bahawalpur District. situated in Bahawalpur district of Punjab province Lal Sohanra is spread over 153000 acre, notable for the diversity of its landscape, which includes areas of desert, forest and water. It is one of the largest nationals parks in South Asia Main Purpose of the establishment of this park is to protect the Wildlife of Cholistan Desert,
  18. 18. Species in this Park •302 species of plants •119 birds types • 23 fresh water fish •27 reptiles •3 amphibian
  19. 19. Many species of animals can be found throughout the park.
  20. 20. These include several wild animals of the desert such as wildcats, rabbits, bustards, and deer . Reptiles in the park include the Monitor lizard, Russell's Viper, Indian Cobra, Saw-scaled Viper, Wolf Snake, John's Sand Boa. More than 160 species of birds are also present, including the Houbara Bustard,Griffon Vulture, Crested Honey Buzzard, Marsh Harrier, Hen Harrier, Laggar Falcon, Peregrine Falcon, Kestrel, Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Egyptian Vulture, and Barn Owl.
  21. 21. Chinji National Park
  22. 22. It is established in 1987. It is located in Punjab. The Chinji National Park exhibits the biome of deserts and xeric shrublands and falls in the ecoregion of 'Baluchistan xeric woodlands Maximum temperature is 27°C in June and minimum is 2.2°C in January. Frost is common in winter season. Relative humidity can reach up to 80% in monsoon. It covers the approximate area of 6095 hectares. The area is characterized to have sub- tropical vegetation with many plant species of importance Average annual rainfall in the area is 537 mm, out of which 308 mm is in the monsoon season from July to September. Chinji National Park
  23. 23. Location = Kahota (Punjab) Established Year = Sep 2009
  24. 24. Deosai means 'the land of Giants' Also known as Central Karakorum National Park Established in 1993. It covers about 3,63,600 ha. Deosai is called Byarsa, meaning ‘summer place’.
  25. 25. The Deosai National Park was established in 1993 to protect the survival of the ”Himalayan Brown Bear” and its habitat. The Deosai Plains are also home to the Himalayan Ibex, Red Fox, Golden Marmot, Gray Wolf, the Snow Leopard, and over 124 resident and migratory birds. Birds in the park include the Golden Eagle, Griffon Vulture, Laggar Falcon, Peregrine Falcon Deosai National Park is at an average elevation of 4,114 metres (13,497 ft) above the sea level, making the Deosai Plains one of the highest plateaus in the world.
  26. 26. The Punjab government has plans to convert the Lal Sohanra National Park into a wildlife safari park of international standard.
  27. 27. Ayubia National Park
  28. 28. It is established in 1984. It is located in Khyber Pakhtun Khwa. It covers the area of about 3312 hectares. Ayubia National Park is a small national park in the Murree hills. The initial area of the park was 1684 ha, expanded through a northern extension in 1998 to make a total of 3312 ha. The park supports one of the best remaining examples of moist Himalayan temperate forest in Pakistan
  29. 29. The scenery is superb with huge pine forests covering the hills and providing shelter to the larger and smaller mammals No official figures are available, but local estimates suggest that there are about 100,000 visitors per year.
  30. 30. This park provides refuge to the elusive leopard and the black bear. Bird watching is excellent here. Mammals in the park include--Asiatic leopard , Black bear, Kashmir hill fox , Red Flying squirrel .
  31. 31. BroghilValleyNationalPark
  32. 32. Broghil Valley Park Broghil valley is one of the beautiful valleys located in Khyber Pakhton Khawa near Afghanistan border Broghil valley enhances many lakes and mountain attraction which are unique from all over the world although it is yet not explored by the international and local tourists. It is established on 25th August 2010 It is located in Khyber Pakhtun Khwa. It covers the area of approximately 134744 hectares.
  33. 33. Baroghil Valley is homeland of ibex, wolves, snow leopards, white and brown bears, fox, rabbits, marmots and many more wild animals. The bird species are, hawks, eagles, falcons are found in the high Mountains. While pheasants, partridges, hoopoes, larks, sparrows, quails, doves, swallow starlings, nightingales, crows and vultures.
  34. 34. Chitral Gol National Park
  35. 35. It is established in 1984. It Covers the area of about 7,750 ha The park is rich in trees particularly Cedar trees. This park also serves to provide shelter to a vast diversity of animals especially Markhor, an endangered wild goat species. Chitral National Park still holds the largest population of the Astor Markhor in the world.
  36. 36. It is located in Baluchistan. It is established in 1980. Leopard, Chiltan Wildgoat or Markhor, Suleiman Markhor, Urial sheep (Gad), Indian wolf, Stripped hyena, Caracal, Jackal, Red fox, Porcupine Desert hare, Griffon vulture, Egyptian vulture, Honey buzzard, Laggar falcon, Peregrine falcon, Kestrel, Indian sparrow hawk, Scops owl, European bee-eater. It covers the approximate area of about 15,555 hectares. Adventure:Bird safari, Jungle safari, hiking, Camping, Hunting Best Time to Visit:01-Mar to 31-Oct Temp: -12 c to 32 c Area:156 sq km Altitude:2,021 to 3,264 m
  37. 37. Species in this Park Animals: Wolves, Wild cats, hares etc Birds: Chakor, Shrikes, rock pigeons etc Reptiles: Monitor Lizard, Cobras, Vipers etc
  38. 38. Hingol National Park
  39. 39. It is located in Baluchistan. Hingol National Park or Hungol National Park protects 1,650 km², Largest National Park of Pakistan. It was established in 1988. Hingol National Park is known to support at least 35 species of mammals, 65 species of amphibians and reptiles and 185 species of birds It covers the area of about 619043 hectares. The park forms an excellent habitat to wild Sindh Ibex, Afghan Urial and Chinkara Gazelle Total population is estimated over 3000
  40. 40. Khun-zerav National Park wrongly known as khunjerab is a National park in Gilgit Baltistan of Pakistan. Khun means blood and zerav is to stream in wakhi the native language It has been wrongly pronounced and written for a long time because the language was not developed at that time The Khunzerav National Park was established primarily as a means to protect the Marco Polo sheep. The park was formally established on April 29, 1979 by Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who said that "it must become a world famous park" It covers the area of about 2,27,143 hectares. Over 2,000 Siberian ibex, widely distributed and abundant in the park The park is also famous for its Snow Leopards Birds:Golden eagle, Himalayan griffon vulture, Eurasian black vulture, Marsh harrier, Eurasian sparrow hawk etc.
  41. 41. National Park
  42. 42. It is located in Khyber Pakhtun Khwa. It was established in 2003. The scenic Dudipatsar Lake and Lulusar Lake and peaks are in the park. It covers the area of about 75,058 hectares. Some of the park's fauna includes the Snow leopard, Black bear, Marmot, Weasel, Lynx, Leopard, Himalayan Snowcock, and the Snow partridge. The flora includes the trees, shrubs, perennials, and herbs of the Himalayan Western
  43. 43. Khirtar NationalPark
  44. 44. It is located in Sind. It was established in 1974. second largest National Park of Pakistan after Hingol National Park. The fauna comprises leopards, striped hyenas, wolves, ratels, urials, chinkara gazelles and rare Sind wild goats It covers the area of about 3,08,733 hectares.
  45. 45. Species Preserved in Park •26 species of mammals like Urial, ibex, fox etc •58 species of birds e.g eagles, shrikes •Reptiles like snake, crocodile etc
  46. 46. Machiara National Pak is located in the Neelum Valley, Azad Kashmir It was established in 1996. It covers the area of about 13532 hectares.
  47. 47. Margallah Hills National Park
  48. 48. ① The M1argalla Hills National Park is located in Northern Pakistan at the foothills of the Himalayas and is a National Park. ② It is approximately 17,386 hectares (67.13 sq mi) in size. ③ Margalla has a variety of mammals, they Include the Leopard, Gray Goral, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Jackal, Red Fox and the Porcupine among others. ④ Established in 1980 ⑤ Area 15883 ha.
  49. 49. . .
  50. 50. . Location: AJK . Est. Year 2005 . Area 1000 ha.
  51. 51. Musk DerGorez National Parks Location = Azad Jammu Kashmir Area = 52,815 ha Established Year= 2007