National parks


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National parks

  1. 1. Today’s topic  Introduction  Parks of Pakistan  Parks of world
  2. 2. Definition National park is relatively large area where: 1) Ecosystems can not be altered by human activity. 2) Govt. has taken step to prevent exploitation. 3) Visitors are allowed under special conditions. 1st national park was yellow stone park in USA establish in 1870’s.
  3. 3. Prohibited acts Hunting, shooting, trapping, killing capturing.  Firing of guns.  Burning, destroying, removal of plants  Clearing of land for cultivation  Construction of roads, railway line etc  Surface mining  Polluting water flowing through national park 
  4. 4. National park vs. protected area   In natural parks flora and fauna are protected but these parks are open for public. Include only land area.   Area use for protection and maintenance of species and not open for public This includes sea area also
  5. 5. National park and game reserves  Hunting shooting, firing, b urning, are typically not allowed  Hunting allowed under a special permit
  6. 6. National Park and wild life sanctuary  The environment and ecosystem of park is totally natural for preservation of species  Sanctuary is established by the modification and is abolished by the same procedure.
  7. 7. National park vs. safari park  A national park is a place managed by a federal government.  A safari is like a vacation, a journey into a wild area, usually for hunting or photographing animals.
  8. 8. National Park vs. Zoo Animals are kept Animals are   placed in natural environment in cages and are not allowed to roam freely. 1st zoo or zoological garden was established in Vienna in 1752 an d open for public in 1765.
  9. 9. National Park vs. Zoological parks  Environment is natural.  A place where different types of wild animals are kept in conditions keeping in view of their natural habitat and habits.
  10. 10. Protected areas of Pakistan National parks = 29 Wildlife sanctuaries =100 Game reserves = 90 Total protected areas = 219
  11. 11. Major National Parks of Pakistan     Ki r t h a r n a t i o n a l p a r k (S i n d h ) L a l s o h a n r a n a t i o n a l p a r k (P u n j a b ) Ch i n j i n a t i o n a l p a r k (P u n j a b ) Ha z a r g a n j i / c h i l t a n     Ay n a p a Ch Go n a p a Ma h i n a p a Kh n a p a a l u b i a t i o n a l r k (K .P .K ) i t r a l l t i o n a l r k (K .P .K ) r g a l a l l s t i o n a l r k u n j e r a b t i o n a l r k (F e d e r Ar e a )
  12. 12. Distribution of national parks in Pakistan
  13. 13. Kirthar National Park 1st and largest park of Pakistan. Established in 1970.  Stretches over area of 308,733 hectares.  Located in Sindh. Contains ravines, hills, hub dam, Ranikot fort, old graveyards. 
  14. 14. Species preserved in Park 26 Species of mammals present including Sindh ibex, Urial, chinkara, jackal, fox, hyaena, jungle cats, leopard, Pangolin, Ratel, Porcupine and mongoose.  Bird includes at least 58 hoopoe, shrikes, wabbler, wheat eater, kingfisher, eagles, vultures, finch larks.  Reptiles are monitor 
  15. 15. Lal sohanra National Park Total area of park is 31,369 hectares.  Located in southern Punjab.  Declared as national park in 1972.  Variety of ecosystems present.  2100 acres are irrigates artificially.  A big lake covering the area of 50,000 acres. 
  16. 16. Species preserved in Park  302 species of plants.  119 species of birds.  27 species of reptiles.  3 of amphibians.  23 species of fresh water fish.  Mammals: black buck, chinkara, nilgai, caracal, jackal, wil d boar, houbara bustards herons, cranes, peafowl, sand
  17. 17. Chinji National Park Present in salt range near talagang in Punjab.  Covers area of 6,095 hectares.  Including area of soan river and soan valley.  Number of fossils have been collected from this area so it is of great interest.  Most of the park is fenced by 1.6m high wire netting 
  18. 18. Species preserved in Park Main purpose of park is to conserve the Urial.  This park is natural home for Urial, chinkara, gazelle, wild boar, civet, wild here, mongoose, and porcupines. 
  19. 19. Hazarganji chiltan National Park Area = 12,567 hectares.  In Baluchistan near Quetta.  Established in 1978.  Main objective is “to save chiltan markhor.” 
  20. 20. Species preserved in Park  Animal: Wolves, hyaena, wild cats, hares and porcupine.  Birds: see-see patridges chukor, wabbler, shrikes, rock nuthatch, rock pigeons, eagles, falcons, bearded vultures hawks.  Reptiles: Monitor lizards, geckoes, cobras and vipers.
  21. 21. Darhune -Hingol National Park  Two separate Darhune and Hingol areas merged to form a big park.  Area 165,700 hectors.  Stretches over the coastal areas of Baluchistan.  Imp. Wild animals are Sindh ibex. Urial, chinkara.
  22. 22. Khunjerab National Park Area 226913 hectares.  One of World’s highest park. Karakorum high way passes through all length of park.  Temperature remains below the freezing point. 
  23. 23. Species preserved in Park Established to protect the morcopolo sheep, Bharal, snow leopard, and Himalayan ibex.  Other species are: wild ass, brown bear, snow cocks, snow patridges, and black birds. 
  24. 24. Margala Hills National Park Area 12000 hectares. Northern hill range of federal capital of Islamabad. Topography is rugged. Very rich in ever green plants.
  25. 25. Species present in Park Plants: Dodonaea sp., Acacia sp., olea sp., carrissa sp., aristida sp., adhathoda sp., themeda sp., cynodon sp., pennisetum sp.,  Animals: leopard, foxes and barking deers.  Birds: kaleej cheer, grey partridge and chukor. Cheer was extinct in1978 and is re introduces in park. 
  26. 26. Chitral- Gol National park Area 7780 hectares.  Located in hindukush range near Chitral.  Surrounded in high peaks.  Markhor, snow leopard, snow cocks, snow patridges, greenwood pigeons and chukors. 
  27. 27. Ayubia National Park Area 1684 hectares.  In abbotabad district.  Important wild animals are leopard, rhesus monkey, koklas and kaleej pheasant. 
  28. 28. Other National Parks of Pakistan Sheikh Buddin National Park( K.P.K)  Machiara National Park(Azad Kashmir)  Handrap Shandoor National Park (Northern Areas)  Central Karakorum National Park (Northern Areas)  Deosai National Park( Northern Areas) 
  29. 29. List of national parks of Pakistan Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.htm
  30. 30. National parks of India  Total 99  1st is Jim Corbett national park established in 1936.  Others are Anshi, Balphakram, Bandhavgarh, b andipur, vansda, Betla, Buxa tiger reserve, darrah, Desert nation park etc.
  31. 31. National Parks of Asia  Parks of international interest in Asia are present in Indonesia, India, Thailand, Kyr gyzstan, Nepal, Vietnam.
  32. 32. Major national parks of Europe Dart moor National Park, UK, Saxony Switzerland National Park, Germany, Vysoke Tatry National Park, Slovakia, Teide National Park, Tenerife, Olympus National Park, Greece, Sarek National Park, Sweden, Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park, Scotland,  Cévennes National Park, France,  Swiss National Park, Switzerland.       
  33. 33. National parks of Africa  There are more 250 national parks in whole Africa continent.  Masai Mara is the biggest park.  Most famous are of Madagascar, Kenya, zombie, Zi mbabwe, south Africa, morocco, Mozambique, Mauritius, Uganda, Tanzania.
  34. 34. National parks of Australia  There are more then 400 areas protected.  Major parks are of Victoria, Sidney, Tasmania, south and west Australia.
  35. 35. National parks of USA  Total 59 areas known as national parks.  1st is yellow stone park.  Other include: Arches, bad lands, big bend, canyon land, capitol roof, Death valley, glacier bay, Grand canyon, gates o the arctic, great basin, Hawaii volcanoes, hot springs, mammoth
  36. 36. National parks of south America           Cotopaxi national park, Ecuador Torres del paine, Patagonia. Iguazu national park, Argentina Canaima NP, Venezuela Cos glaciers NP, Argentina Fernando de noronha mar tune NP, Brazil Tyrona NP, Colombia Galapagos NP, Ecuador Manu NP, Peru Sajama NP, Bolivia
  37. 37. Any Question from your side?
  38. 38. Gratitude