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Counseling and handbill
Arjun hamal
Student of Maharajgung Medical Campus
Definition
It is difficult to define in single definition because definitions of
counselling depend on theoretical orientation.
Counseling is a learning-oriented process, which occurs usually in an
interactive relationship, with the aim of helping a person learn more
about the self , and to use such understanding to enable the person to
become an effective member of society.
It is process of
• Concerning towards the person with problem
• Facilitation the person’s bring about change self-knowledge .
• Counseling is relationship between a concerned person and
person with a need
• Usually person to person some times more then two people
• Counseling is a planed, structured dialogue between a
counselor and a client
So, counseling is designed to help people to understand and
clarify their views, and learn how to reach their self-
determined goals through meaningful, well-informed choice,
and through the resolution of emotional or interpersonal
problems.
Aims of counseling
• To Help a person find his or her path to comfort level, becoming self
aware and self reliance.
Scopes of counseling
• Personal or individual setting
• Couple
• Family setting
• Group setting
• Industry or workplace
• Educational institutes
• Hospitals and Health care setting
• Others: court, engineering and construction setting, banking etc….
Skills needed in counseling
• Attitudinal skills
• Listening skills
• Communication skills
• Leadership skills
Personal Qualities of good counselor
• Positive attitude/Good listener and communicator
• Helpful (ability to work with people)
• Respect peoples culture, tradition, costumes, beliefs etc
• Ability to discussion in social and reproductive health
• Self determination
• Ability to treat people on the base of situation
• Neutral notion
• Ability to maintain confidentiality and privacy
• Open mind open heart
Cont.
• Trustworthy
• Treat without discrimination
• Motivator
• Using simple language
• Ability to encouraging/stimulating/lead the people
• Mentally sound and healthy
• Show matured behavior
• Aware about won's limitation
• Reinforce important information
Some Non-helpful behaviors of counselor
• Giving Advising
• Giving decision
• Giving order
• Taking fees
• Focusing on own point
• Lecturing
• Excessive questioning
• Storytelling
• Bad body language
Media of counseling
• Study center
• Counseling room
• face to face
• Letters
• Telephone
• Email
• Internet
Process of counseling or steps
1. Relationship building
2. Problem assessment
3. Goal setting
4. Explain
5. Evaluation (Follow up/return/referral)
Advantages of counseling
• Clarity on confusion
• Right directives
• Identification of likes and dislikes
• Roadmap for future
• Can make people to decide
• Self reliance
• Increase confident
• Identify the real problem
• Immediate get feedback
• Effective
Disadvantages
• Takes long time
• Leakage of Privacy and confidentiality
• Poor counseling may lead to negative impact
• May need separate and isolated room
• Not effective in group of people
• Some times even may violate and physical attack
• Need skills
Handbills
• Single sheet of paper with one or more folds distributed by hand
• They are also called as leaflets.
• They should contain all the important information.
• They are made simple and attractive to attract people and make
them interested in the topic.
• They should be as brief as possible.
Advantages of handbills
• They are simple and easy to make as well as read.
• They are cheaper.
• People can read it in their own feasible time.
• They can be distributed anywhere , people need not to be gathered.
Disadvantages of handbills
• They lack long term impacts on people like any other methods.
• They may not be taken seriously by people.
• Efforts may be useless.
References
• Hari bhakta pradhan.A textbook of health education, Philosophy and
principle, prof. 2002, page 77 to 81.
• Shiva Prasad sapkota and Durga p. Pahari, A textbook of Health Promotion
and Education
• Government of Nepal, MOHP, NHTC 3rd edition 2070 Comprehensive
family planning counselling guideline including (Reproduction health
education)
• http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0024/002464/246453e.pdf
• http://www.stlawu.edu/health-and-counseling-services/aims-and-
objectives
• https://www.slideshare.net/ranjanattri5/meaning-and-objectives-of-
counseling
Feed back……. Please
Thank you

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Counseling and Handbill

  • 1. Counseling and handbill Arjun hamal Student of Maharajgung Medical Campus
  • 2. Definition It is difficult to define in single definition because definitions of counselling depend on theoretical orientation. Counseling is a learning-oriented process, which occurs usually in an interactive relationship, with the aim of helping a person learn more about the self , and to use such understanding to enable the person to become an effective member of society. It is process of • Concerning towards the person with problem • Facilitation the person’s bring about change self-knowledge .
  • 3. • Counseling is relationship between a concerned person and person with a need • Usually person to person some times more then two people • Counseling is a planed, structured dialogue between a counselor and a client So, counseling is designed to help people to understand and clarify their views, and learn how to reach their self- determined goals through meaningful, well-informed choice, and through the resolution of emotional or interpersonal problems.
  • 4. Aims of counseling • To Help a person find his or her path to comfort level, becoming self aware and self reliance.
  • 5. Scopes of counseling • Personal or individual setting • Couple • Family setting • Group setting • Industry or workplace • Educational institutes • Hospitals and Health care setting • Others: court, engineering and construction setting, banking etc….
  • 6. Skills needed in counseling • Attitudinal skills • Listening skills • Communication skills • Leadership skills
  • 7. Personal Qualities of good counselor • Positive attitude/Good listener and communicator • Helpful (ability to work with people) • Respect peoples culture, tradition, costumes, beliefs etc • Ability to discussion in social and reproductive health • Self determination • Ability to treat people on the base of situation • Neutral notion • Ability to maintain confidentiality and privacy • Open mind open heart
  • 8. Cont. • Trustworthy • Treat without discrimination • Motivator • Using simple language • Ability to encouraging/stimulating/lead the people • Mentally sound and healthy • Show matured behavior • Aware about won's limitation • Reinforce important information
  • 9. Some Non-helpful behaviors of counselor • Giving Advising • Giving decision • Giving order • Taking fees • Focusing on own point • Lecturing • Excessive questioning • Storytelling • Bad body language
  • 10. Media of counseling • Study center • Counseling room • face to face • Letters • Telephone • Email • Internet
  • 11. Process of counseling or steps 1. Relationship building 2. Problem assessment 3. Goal setting 4. Explain 5. Evaluation (Follow up/return/referral)
  • 12. Advantages of counseling • Clarity on confusion • Right directives • Identification of likes and dislikes • Roadmap for future • Can make people to decide • Self reliance • Increase confident • Identify the real problem • Immediate get feedback • Effective
  • 13. Disadvantages • Takes long time • Leakage of Privacy and confidentiality • Poor counseling may lead to negative impact • May need separate and isolated room • Not effective in group of people • Some times even may violate and physical attack • Need skills
  • 15. • Single sheet of paper with one or more folds distributed by hand • They are also called as leaflets. • They should contain all the important information. • They are made simple and attractive to attract people and make them interested in the topic. • They should be as brief as possible.
  • 16.
  • 17. Advantages of handbills • They are simple and easy to make as well as read. • They are cheaper. • People can read it in their own feasible time. • They can be distributed anywhere , people need not to be gathered.
  • 18. Disadvantages of handbills • They lack long term impacts on people like any other methods. • They may not be taken seriously by people. • Efforts may be useless.
  • 19. References • Hari bhakta pradhan.A textbook of health education, Philosophy and principle, prof. 2002, page 77 to 81. • Shiva Prasad sapkota and Durga p. Pahari, A textbook of Health Promotion and Education • Government of Nepal, MOHP, NHTC 3rd edition 2070 Comprehensive family planning counselling guideline including (Reproduction health education) • http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0024/002464/246453e.pdf • http://www.stlawu.edu/health-and-counseling-services/aims-and- objectives • https://www.slideshare.net/ranjanattri5/meaning-and-objectives-of- counseling