SUSTAINABLE TOURISM AND
AP.KISHOR JAHAN 10/12/2014
PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABILITY
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PRINCIPLES
OBJECTIVE OF SUSTAINABLE TOURISM
PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABLE TOURISM
BRANCHES OF TOURISM
BENIFITS OF SUSTAINABLE TOURISM
SUSTAINABLE TOURISM AND SOCIO- CULTURAL IMPACTS
AP.KISHOR JAHAN 10/12/2014
Being able to meet the needs of present generations
without compromising the needs for future
The concept of sustainable tourism has grown out
of the concept of sustainable development (SD),
whose most popular definition has arisen from the
World Commission on Environment and
Development(the Brundtland Commission).
Their 1986 report (Our Common Future) defined SD
as: development that meets the needs of the present
without compromising the ability of future
generations to meet their own needs.
Sustainable Development is an old concept.
"Sustainable development is development that meets
the needs of the present without compromising the
ability of future generations to meet their own
needs." [UNEP, 1987]
Sustainable Development Principles
Four basic principles are crucial to the concept of
1. The idea of holistic planning, cross- sectoral
planning and strategy making
2. The importance of preserving essential ecological
3. The need to protect both human heritage and
4. The requirement that development should be
carried out so that productivity does not deplete
resources for the long term and future generations
Tourism is one of the world's fastest growing
industries and an important source of foreign
exchange and employment for many developing
countries and developed countries.
Tourism that focuses on natural environments is a
large and growing part of the tourism industry.
Sustainable tourism has to meet social, cultural,
ecological and economic requirements.
Sustainable tourism holds a long-term view, for
present and future generations, ethically and Socially
just and culturally adapted, ecologically viable and
economically sensible and productive.
Sustainable tourism should also maintain a high
level of tourist satisfaction and ensure a meaningful
experience to the tourists, raising their awareness
about sustainability issues and promoting
sustainable tourism practices amongst them.
OBJECTIVE OF ST
The objective of Sustainable Tourism is to implement
all areas of Sustainable Development (ecology,
economy, social issues, and cultural issues) in
Principles of Sustainable Tourism
The concept of sustainability as a resource
development and management philosophy is
permeating all levels of policy and practice relating
to tourism, from local to global.
Sustainable tourism can fulfil economic, social, and
aesthetic needs while maintaining cultural integrity
and ecological processes.
It can provide for today’s hosts and guests while
protecting and enhancing the same opportunity for
sustainable tourism involves making hard political
choices based on complex social, economic, and
Tourism should be planned and managed in a
sustainable manner, with due regard for the
protection and appropriate economic uses of the
natural and human environment in host areas.
Tourism should be undertaken with equity in mind
to distribute fairly benefits and costs among tourism
promoters and host peoples and areas.
BRANCHES OF SUSTAINABLE TOURISM
There are a number of terms used to discuss tourism
that relates in some way relate or are similar to
Ecotourism - tourism that respects the
environment by focusing on environmental
protection or appreciation of the environment in
Geo tourism - tourism that sustains, or even
enhances, the geographical character of a place, such
as its culture, environment, heritage, and the well-being
of its residents.
Volun tourism - is a form of travel where one
volunteers on projects which give back to the
Responsible tourism - tourism that creates better
places for people to live in, and better places to visit
minimizing negative economic, environmental and social
generating greater economic benefits for local people and
enhances the well being of host communities
improving working conditions and access to the industry
involving local people in decisions that affect their lives
and life chances
making positive contributions to the conservation of
natural and cultural heritage embracing diversity
providing more enjoyable experiences for tourists
through more meaningful connections with local people,
and a greater understanding of local cultural, social and
providing access for physically challenged people
being culturally sensitive, encouraging respect between
tourists and hosts, and building local pride and
BENEFITS OF SUSTAINABLE TOURISM
Achieve efficiency and saving in business operating
activities; ECO logical=ECO nomic
Maintain natural cycle and marine – costal eco
systems and their influence in global climate change.
Preserve the destination attraction that prompted
tourists to visit them in the first place.
Maintain destination quality and competitiveness.
Protect and improve prospective investment
Protect and conserve biodiversity as legacy for future
SUSTAINABLE TOURISM AND THE SOCIO-CULTURAL
The sustainable development approach is
particularly important when applying socio-cultural
Because this sector depends mostly on tourist
attractions and activities that are related to both the
natural environment, historic and cultural heritage
of an area.
If these resources are degraded or destroyed, then
tourism cannot thrive.
Maintaining the desirable aspects of cultural
traditions and ethnic identities is another important
element of conserving the cultural heritage of an
What more could be added to this list? What
can be improved? What things need to be
What things need to be protected
People and cultures
Environment and Ecosystems
What needs to be developed.
Quality of life
Justice and social equality
Culture of sustainability
Dialogue and Communication
If tourism is to be sustainable it must move away
from its traditional growth-oriented model to one
concerned with a sustainable set of goals and
Sustainable tourism must be seen as a goal in
There are many stakeholders in the field of
The major areas include; the host community,
governmental bodies, tourism industry, tourists,
pressure groups, voluntary sector, experts, and the
AP.KISHOR JAHAN 10/12/2014