Country Report Syria Pricing Renewable Training Course 23/10/2011 RCREEE CairoPrepared by:Eng.Samer Alsaghir
IDENTIFICATION Name: Samer Mahmoud Alsaghir present position: Cheaf of Solar Energy Group / National Energy Research Center / Ministry of Electricity - Syria
Board of Directors OF NERC General Director Deputy General Director Deputy General Director for for the general fields technical & scientific fields internal monitoring department financial directorategeneral fields informatics training, scientific planning & energy EE.D directorate co-operation policies sector RE.D directorate directorate legal & archives & integrated energy efficiency in solar energymanagement information technical co- planning the industrial sectordepartment Group Group bank Group operating resources Group Group energy efficiency in wind energy services soft wars training & the building sector Groupdepartment Group qualification Group Group energy policies energy efficiency in biomass energy Spreading Group the transportation translation & sector Group Group Group library Group laws & support activities different energy legislations Group resources Group Group
NATIONAL ENERGY RESEARCH CENTER // NERC//Established in 2003 by the decree law No.8.NERC responsible to carry out the scientificapplied studies in EE&RE fields and implementthe pilot projects to assist to establish the policiesand select the appropriate strategies by therelevant high Syrian authorities.
CURENT ENERGY SITUATION & R.E RESOURCES IN SYRIA
Location : between 32.3 °and 37 °latitude north of the Equator line, and between 36 °and 42.5 °longitude lines east of Greenwich line.Population: 22,3 million (Estimated in 2008).Language : ArabicArea : 185,500 km2
CURRENT STATUS OF ENERGY Primary Energy ConsumptionTOTAL DEMAND 23.2 MTOE 100%COAL 0.00 MTOE 0%OIL 17.08 MTOE 74%NATURAL GAZ 4.72 MTOE 20.4%HYDRO 0.72 MTOE 3%BIOMASS 0.60 MTOE 2.6%R.E 0.00 MTOE 0%NUCLEARE 0.00 MTOE 0%ENERGY CONSUMPTION : 1,162 (KTOE/capita)
CURRENT STATUS OF ELECTRICITYGROSS GENERATION 43,308 Gwh 100%STEAM TURBINE 22,833 Gwh 52.72%GAS TURBINE 6,951 Gwh 16.05%COMBINED CYCLE 11,599 Gwh 26.78%HYDRO - TURBINE 1,925 Gwh 04.44%Electrification Ratio 100% in urban area & 97% in rural area
Distribution of Electrical Energy For Local Consumption (Per Sector) Agriculture Agriculture Sector Sector 6% 6% Manufacturing Sector 31%Domestic Sector 49% Governmental Commercial Administration and Sector Others (Chirches & 8% Mosques)
CURRENT STATUS INCREASING DEMAND FOR ELECTRICITY 7,7% per year HIGH POPULATION GROWTH 2.45% PER YEAR Urban Development, welfare and High living costs Moving to Manufacturing Wider supply of Electricity in Rural Areas to cover 97% of population Low Electricity Prices in comparison with other types of energy1994 200914,880 GWh 43,308 GWh
CURRENT STATUS INCREASING DEMAND FOR PEAK 7,8% 7,6% per year 8,5% per year 1994 2004 2008 20092474 MW 5621 MW 6715MW 7223 MW
CURRENT STATUS OF ELECT TARIFF(S.P/kWh)Consumption Voltage Level Peak Day Night Average230 kV 3.0 2.0 1.5 2.066 kV 3.8 2.5 1.8 2.5230 kV 4.5 2.8 1.8 2.820/0.4 kVIndustrial & Commercial 5.0 3.4 2.5 3.4Agriculture 254 1.8 1.4 1.8Residential (0.4 kV) S.P $1-100 kWh/ two months 0.25 0.005101-200 kWh/ two months 0.35 0.007201-400 kWh/ two months 0.50 0.01401-600 kWh/ two months 0.75 0.015601-800 kWh/ two months 2.0 0.04801-1000 kWh/ two months 3.0 0,061001-2000 kWh/ two months 3.5 0.07>2001 kWh/ two months 4.0 0.081 Kwh Cost is: 8 (S.P) = 0.16 (USD)
Wind Energy ResourceWind speed measurements were conducted in more than 40 stations spread allover the countryUpon the analysis of the measured data, the country can be divided into fourmain regions.
PILOT PROJECT :50 MW WIND FARM WILL BE INSTALLEDIN //2011// IN SINDYANAH 02 LOCATION
Biomass Resources Distribution of the biomass potential Per SectorsThe theoretical biomass potential in Syria has been estimated as 25.8million tones per year, which is split between all sources as shown. Cities Waste Industrial Wastee Forests 12% 5% 13% Animal Waste Agricultural Waste 10% 60%
Biomass Resources Production of Domestic Waste in Syrian Cities (Estimated in 2005) Population in Production of Solid Waste City Thousand (Tons/day)Damascus 1,513 1,000Suburb of Damascus 1,934 1,915Aleppo 3,719 2,660Homs 1,490 1,600Hama 1,335 800Lattakia 876 760Deir-ezzor 919 600Edlib 1,120 300Al-Hasakeh 1,265 250Al-Raqua 691 660Al-Sweida 307 250Deraa 780 280Tartous 674 360Al-Qunaitera 66 50Total 17,130 11,485
The average solar radiant in Syria is about 5.1 kWh/m2/day.The average annually solar radiant in Syria is about 1.9 Mwh/m2/Year.Less than 50 cloudy day/year & about 1800 shining Hour yearly.In 1994, the assessment of solar energy in Syria was issued. (wh/m2)
Solar Thermal Systems - current status About 45 companies works in this field as a manufacture one of them is a pubic and the rest is private. The biggest is a public company works under the umbrella of ministry of industry. No estimated about the import companies in the private sector. More than 150,000 DSWH (2009 Estimated) About 2000 SWH (industrial Sector)The governmental proceduresMinistry of Electricity has installed more than 4400 m² Flat Plate collectorssystems in the accommodation apartments of employees around the country.NERC carried out the Largest Pilot Project in the country for the ministry ofhealth :ALMOASAH (1000 beds) Large Scale SWH with: 32 m³/day of hot water 288 m² Flat Plate collector 1700 Evacuated tubes.NERC suggested the draft of ”100,000 DSWH SUBSIDY BOX PROJECT “ in 2008but the draft didn’t approved by the Government.
Modify the Syrian Standards of the SWH according to the IECStandards.The ministry of industry has installed a test facility to test the solarthermal products in the country according to the newest SyrianStandards.
Solar PV Systems - current statusMany small PV applications was carried out by Scientific Studies & Research Centre (SSRC)
Solar PV Systems - current statusMany small PV systems was carried out by NERC NERC:About 40 KWp on- Grid PV System on the roof of NERC & on the roof of Electricity Ministry building.
Solar PV Systems - current statusAbout 6 KWp off-Grid PV System for the Billboard NERC building and for the Electricity Ministry building.
Solar PV Systems - current statusAbout 8 KWp pumping PV System in TADMOR Desert area
Solar PV Systems - current statusAbout 7 KWp Street Lighting PV System in LATAQIA Park & in the internal square of the Ministry of Electricity
Solar PV Systems - current statusThe current market situation of Solar PV SystemsSo far SYRIA has a small installed capacity of Solar PVSystem (less than 0.5 MWp) that is carried out by publicsector.No accurate survey for the private sector market.Only (1) public company and (1)common company areconsidered as a manufacture (assembly & encapsulate PVModules).Cells and Modules are imported from: SPAIN, CHINA,JAPAN.
Pilot projects1MWp ON-GRID Solar Power Station will be carried out inSouthern of Damascus (Der-Ali) area. (Contracting phase) //owned by NERC// 3 MWp ON-GRID Solar Power Station will be carried out in Southern of Damascus (Der-Ali) area. (Under tendering) //owned by PEEGT*// 20 MWp ON-GRID Solar Power Station will be carried out in Northern of Damascus (Der-Attieh) area in cooperation with private companies. (MOU is under approving) //owned by NERC//* PEEGT: Public Establishment for Electricity Generation & Transmission.
Solar PV Systems - current statusThe governmental procedures Law N °3 was issued in 2009 (regulation of EE& RE procedures to save energy). Establishing the Syrian- Ukrainian Solar PV Modules company.Electricity law N °32 was issued in 2010 (the regulations of payment of theelectricity that generated by renewable energy resources. The executioninstructions are under approving With the end of 2012, NERC & State Planning Commission will issues the Syrian Standards of PV systems according to the European Standards. The imported subcomponents which are used in Solar Thermal Systems industry or Solar PV Systems industry have a small customs fee about 1%.