Generation Expansion Plan Committed Expansion Plan Year Project ]Capacity [MW 2011 IPP2(ST) 132 End of 2013 Samra III(ST) 140 2013 IPP4 250 2014 IPP3 350
Energy Policy:Ensuring security of supply of all energy forms.Diversification of energy sources.Enhancing the efforts to utilize the local energy resources.Increasing the share of the renewable energy in the total mix of primary energy.
Electricity Sector in Jordan Ministry of Energy & Policy Maker Mineral Resources Electricity RegulatoryObserver & Regulator & licenser Commission CEGCO Generation & Power SEPGCO Producers AES JORDAN (IPP1) + QEPC (IPP2) Interconnection Transmission owner & System Operator NEPCO JEPCO IDECO Distribution EDCO
Single Buyer ModelGeneration Electrical IPPsCompanies Interconnection NEPCO Transmission Network + System Operator + Bulk Supplier Distribution Principal Companies Consumers Consumers
PV Applications in Jordan More than 100 PV systems were installed in Jordan since 1985 Water Pumping Communications Police Stations
PV Applications in Jordan More than 100 PV systems were installed in Jordan since 1985 Water Pumping Police Stations Communications Schools Teachers Residences Clinics Mosques Others TOTAL 500 KWp
Electricity Generation by Wind EnergyAl-Ibrahimiah wind farm- 320 Hofa wind farm 1.125 MW, kW, established in 1987 established in 1996
Wind Data BaseIbrahimya 1Ibrahimya 2 Hofa • 34 Stations Kamsha Al-Reesheh • Wind speed is measured at Jubeiha different heights Fakoe (10,40 m) Zabda (10,40,50 m) Tafila (30,45 m) Fujaij 1 (22,40,60 m) Fujaij 2 Ar-Rajef Fujaij 3 (10,24 m) Fujaij 4 Aqaba 1 Fujaij 5 Aqaba 2 Aqaba 3
Biogas Energy• The total installed capacity used biogas for electricity generation is about 4 MW at Russifa biogas project.• The future plans are to expand the biogas utilization for power generation purposes such that the installed capacity reaches 20 MW by the year 2020.
Jordan Renewable policy targets• 2007 Energy Strategy, has set ambitious goals for the development of RE:• By the year 2020, the share of RE in primary energy supply is to increase from the current 1% to 10%. – wind power (installation of about 1200 MW), – solar power (600 MW) and – waste/energy (30-50MW).
National Energy Strategy• Diversify our energy resources• Reduce dependence on imported energy The strategy aims to reduce dependence on imported energy from 96% in 2007 to 75% in 2015, and 61% in 2020 through: – Energy conservation and awareness. Studies indicate that Jordan is capable of reducing 20% of its energy consumption via energy conservation – Expand on renewable energy projects (wind , solar, biofuels- 10% by 2020) – Utilize domestic resources (oil shale, natural gas, etc.)
Renewable Energy & EE Law• The Law was Approved in Feb, 2010 – Allowing the government to establish companies for implementing RE project with the participation of the private sector – The mechanism of dealing with any proposal submitted to the government by the private sector – Awarding special certificate by the government to RE project – Electric tariff for RE projects
Renewable Energy Law / Energy Efficiency Fund…(Financing)– Incentives (Tax and custom duty and land leasing breaks )– A fund to be known as (Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Fund) A fund which will be used for “supporting” renewable energy and energy conservation projects.– The Fund shall enjoy all exemptions and facilities provided for Ministries and government departments.- Global Environmental Facility GEF
Economic Indicators:• 1800 MW RE mix in 2020 as considered in Government policy fits with the potential analysis and with the Network capacity limits.• Indicative prices range are different following different technologies. Within each technology Prices are most sensitive to Capacity Factor and Investment Cost, and financial variables.
Uranium:Jordan has an estimation of 80,000 tones ofuranium deposits plus 100,000 tones in itsphosphate reserves. Jordan has takenpractical steps to start extraction of uraniumdeposits.Jordan has signed in February 2008 anagreement with AREVA (a French company)to start extraction of uranium in a specifiedlocation in the central part of Jordan.
Oil Shale Oil shale in Jordan is available in big quantities in Jordan. These quantities are estimated at about (40) billion tons. Major deposits are located in the central part of Jordan The negotiation with EESTI ENERGIA to build an Oil Shale Power Plant (OSPP) using direct burning technology with a proposed capacity up to 900 MW is still going on The OSPP is expected to be in operation by the end of year 2016.
Challenges against RE RE may located far from the existing grid, interconnecting a renewable energy resource to the grid could trigger the need for tens of millions . RETs have high capital investment costs compared with conventional technologies. RE have very low capacity factor comparing with conventional technologies Non confirmed capacity to the network therefore we cannot consider in our generation plan.
Challenges against RE Environmental Limitation• Wind:1-Noise level of wind energy is very high2- bird migration3- one MW of wind energy need 10,000 square meter• Solar:1- Dust :Low efficiency and added cost cause of dust .2- One MW of P.V energy need 25,000 square meter