History and Future of the Internet in 20 slides


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Presentation made during a Barcamp in Brussel on 20th of may 2006. Clo Willaerts for the history & Denis Balencourt for the future

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History and Future of the Internet in 20 slides

  1. History and future of the internet in 20 slides By Clo Willaerts & Denis Balencourt
  2. 1895 <ul><li>Paul Otlet and Henri La Fontaine establish the Repertoire Bibliographique Universel (RBU), an ambitious attempt at developing a master bibliography of the world’s accumulated knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Everything in the universe, and everything of man, would be registered at a distance as it was produced . In this way a moving image of the world will be established, a true mirror of his memory. From a distance, everyone will be able to read text, enlarged and limited to the desired subject, projected on an individual screen . In this way, everyone from his armchair will be able to contemplate creation, as a whole or in certain of its parts.” </li></ul><ul><li>http:// nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Otlet </li></ul>
  3. 1962 <ul><li>J.C.R. Licklider of MIT discusses his “ Galactic Network ” concept in a series of memos </li></ul><ul><li>a globally interconnected set of computers through which everyone could quickly access data and programs from any site. </li></ul><ul><li>The first recorded description of the social interactions that could be enabled through networking </li></ul><ul><li>Licklider later teamed up with ARPA </li></ul><ul><li>the rest is history… </li></ul>
  4. 1992 <ul><li>World-Wide Web released by CERN. </li></ul><ul><li>“ cyberspace is the conceptual space where words and human relationships, data and wealth and power are manifested by people using CMC technology; </li></ul><ul><li>virtual communities are cultural aggregations that emerge when enough people bump into each other often enough in cyberspace.” </li></ul><ul><li>(Howard Rheingold: A Slice of Life in My Virtual Community) </li></ul><ul><li>CMC = computer-mediated communication </li></ul>(1985)
  5. 1994 <ul><li>founding of Amazon.com. </li></ul><ul><li>“the store that sells everything” </li></ul><ul><li>the leading Internet retailer </li></ul><ul><li>Over the years, Amazon.com introduced: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>one-click shopping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e-mail order verification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>automated personalized recommendations & customer reviews – a store that can make suggestions. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 1995 <ul><li>Gore Verbinski creates “Frogs”, and advertising for Budweiser </li></ul><ul><li>The origin of viral marketing </li></ul><ul><li>offered in 1996 as a free download from Budweiser.com, the Bud Frogs Screen Saver was an instant hit </li></ul><ul><li>Later: Wazzup! </li></ul><ul><li>Parodies, pranks and hoaxes </li></ul>
  7. 1997 <ul><li>News for nerds, stuff that matters </li></ul><ul><li>a collaborative peer-to-peer publishing of &quot;open source news” -> community-generated content </li></ul><ul><li>Reputation management systems : Slashdot's karma; , cfr. Ebay's colored stars </li></ul><ul><li>“ the slashdot effect” </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.slashdot.org </li></ul>
  8. 1999 <ul><li>The Cluetrain Manifesto </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.cluetrain.com / </li></ul><ul><li>Markets are conversations and the Internet is a facilitator of one of the grandest, most global of those conversations. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Their members communicate in language that is natural, open, honest, direct, funny and often shocking . Whether explaining or complaining, joking or serious, the human voice is unmistakably genuine. It can't be faked .” </li></ul>
  9. 2002 <ul><li>The Small World Project is an online experiment to test the idea that two people in the world can be connected via “ six degrees of separation ” http://smallworld.columbia.edu/ </li></ul><ul><li>“ In an interactive space, content is not king. Contact is.“. Douglas Rushkoff: Social Currency @ thefeature.com </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.friendster.com </li></ul><ul><li>Clay Shirky: YASNS (Yet Another Social Network Service. </li></ul>
  10. 2004 <ul><li>&quot;Audible Revolution&quot; (Ben Hammersley, The Guardian) http://www.guardian.co.uk/online/story/0,,1145689,00.html </li></ul><ul><li>Adam Curry iPodder-script </li></ul><ul><li>Dave Winer rss-formaat </li></ul><ul><li>http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Podcasting </li></ul>
  11. 2005 <ul><li>During 2005 it's estimated that the one-billionth user went online. </li></ul><ul><li>Netcraft survey reports there are more than 74 million web sites online, while in 1993 only 130 web sites existed online. </li></ul><ul><li>Google releases new services every other day </li></ul>
  12. 2006 <ul><li>For the next 5 years Newspapers will lose 10% of audience & Internet gains 10% of audience </li></ul><ul><li>Create, share & promote content is made easy for everyone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On top of Blogs, Flickr, YouTube & DailyMotion allow to share video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social network based on self promotion are success MySpace, Blog platforms, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mixing & Filtering is the struggle against Info overload </li></ul><ul><li>Bubble 2.0 is questioned. Is there more than 55374 users for the new web? </li></ul>
  13. 2007 <ul><li>French Presidential election is an info war and blogosphere counts for 55% of final voting decision </li></ul><ul><li>Active follow up of bookmarks becomes an email like habit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RSS quietly becomes a mainstream tool </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Renowned content mixers & Leaders of community gain a mass audience </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated search tool surpass generic search engines </li></ul><ul><li>On Demand is THE commercial argument </li></ul>
  14. 2008 <ul><li>Content is most of the time first seen online </li></ul><ul><li>Social applications determine US election debate </li></ul><ul><li>The internet is not yet seen as the most trusted voting system but the US election is won on the internet with a massive motivation of online communities </li></ul><ul><li>Gallileo satellite allows Europe to provide geolocalized service accurately for everything thanks to RFID </li></ul>
  15. 2009 <ul><li>Cultural awareness of Online kids is wider than ever. Access to different & diverse content has never been so easy. </li></ul><ul><li>Viral news & Social applications question the social gap & the world organization </li></ul><ul><li>Political power is in question any time since its power comes from online communities </li></ul>
  16. 2010 <ul><li>Surfers : 1.750 billon for 6.8 billions human </li></ul><ul><li>World Cup 2010 bring unprecedented focus on Africa and online gap </li></ul><ul><li>A human-like digital meme tracker reads news an comment discussion 24 hours a day </li></ul>
  17. 2011 <ul><li>The web is 20 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Access or Control of the mediators is vital for industry & political groups </li></ul><ul><li>Everything is connected, all artifacts can be online, tracked, accessed </li></ul><ul><li>Browse the web is also browsing the physical world </li></ul>
  18. 2012 - 2015 <ul><li>Virgin offers space trips to view the last Venus Sun Earth conjunction of the century </li></ul><ul><li>Voting thru electronic devices is secure </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile voting & web voting lead to abstention rate drop </li></ul><ul><li>Switch off button forbidden by law </li></ul><ul><li>Social application turns into legal social control </li></ul>
  19. 2015 - 2019 <ul><li>VR immersion is possible with emotional & physical interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Ubiquitous robots are present and control part of our lives, security </li></ul><ul><li>Emotion-control devices are developed </li></ul>
  20. 2020 <ul><li>In a world with information overload, where all information are available the noise is so heavy that, even when filtered, the “Mundaneum” dream of Paul Otlet looks like a nightmare. </li></ul><ul><li>Somewhere a young person who is able to give sense to the whole information get a small group of followers and their message start spreading… </li></ul><ul><li>No one knows if they will turn helping us or not… </li></ul>