The History of the Internet


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The History of the Internet

  1. 1. The History of the Internet
  2. 2. What We Discuss• Internet History• Internet Evolution• Internet Pioneers• Internet Growth• The Future of the Internet• Conclusion
  3. 3. Precursors of the InternetThe Internet could not have existed without the two major inventions of the 19th Century, electricity and the telegraph system.To a lesser degree, broadcast media such as radio and television
  4. 4. What is the Internet?Plain and simple:A worldwide system of interconnected networks and computers.
  5. 5. What is a Network?A computer network is an interconnectionof a group of computers.
  6. 6. Evolution of the Internet
  7. 7. ARPANET• Was the worlds first operational network, and the predecessor of the global Internet
  8. 8. ARPANET• ARPANET was developed by the U.S. Department of Defense. One theory was that it was developed to survive a nuclear attack. That theory is often disputed by scientists.
  9. 9. The Internet was an Accident!• The Internet was a result of an unsuccessful military and academic research program!
  10. 10. Why is it called the Internet?• Short for “internetworking.”
  11. 11. The World Wide Web
  12. 12. • The original Internet provided screens full of text• Great for sharing info and accessing the Library of Congress• Text was all one font and size• BORING!
  13. 13. GUIs (Graphical User Interface)• GUIs added some color and layout, but still were not very interesting.
  14. 14. The World Wide Web Saved the Internet!• Hyperlinks were invented• The mouse was invented to click on hyperlinks• The URL (Uniform Resource Locater) was invented. This allowed sites to be named.
  15. 15. Creation of the World Wide Web• Tim Berners Lee brought all of this together to form the World Wide Web in 1990.
  16. 16. Mosaic: The First Web Browser• Very slow• Did not handle loading pictures very well• Modems were very slow• Did not give an indication of the potential of this medium
  17. 17. 1994 – A Big Year for the WWW• Tim Berners Lee in develops the World Wide Web Consortium to develop standards for the Web• Netscape is founded
  18. 18. The Explosion of the Internet
  19. 19. 1994 -- 2000• The Internet exploded during this period.• The first commercial site was• In 1994 the World Wide Web grew by an astounding 2300 percent!• Amazon saw that online shopping was the wave of the future.• The rest is history…
  20. 20. Browser Wars• Netscape was the standard until 1998• It folded and was taken over by AOL• Microsoft Internet Explorer snagged 96% of the browser market• IE has only recently been challenged by the excellent Mozilla browser
  21. 21. Future of the Internet
  22. 22. Future of the Internet• So many businesses and private citizens have come online that academic users cant get the high- speed connections they need.
  23. 23. Future of the Internet • Organized as a consortium • Led by over 200 universities • Dedicated network for educational and research purposes
  24. 24. Thank You :)