Final-Question paper_BSC-anatomy and physiology_----_ -Dec-2010.doc
-1- SWAMI VIVEKANANADA YOGA ANUSANDHANA SAMSTHANA A university, established under Section 3 of the UGC Act, 1956 vide Notification no. F.9-45/2001-U.3 dated 08-05-2001 of the Government of India B.Sc. Non-Residential Anatomy & Physiology FINAL EXAM – ____________, 2010Faculty: Dr. Shamanthakamani Narendran, MD (pead), Ph.D. (Yoga Science) QUESTION PAPER Total Marks: 100 Duration: 3 hoursANSWER ALL THE SECTIONSSECTION 1: WRITE SHORT NOTES ON : (EACH QUESTION CARRIES 4 MARKS) 1. Spinal cord. 2. Lymphatic glands and their functions. 3. Respiratory alveoli (air sacs). 4. Sense organs and their functions. Briefly describe one of them. 5. Internal genital (reproductive) organs of the female.SECTION 2: FILL IN THE BLANKS : (EACH BLANK CARRIES 1 MARK) 1. Every living organism is made up of units called ______________. 2. A collection of cells which perform same functions are ______________. 3. A collection of tissues forming structure, which has a particular function, is called an ______________. 4. Excretory system removes ______________ from the body. 5. The functional unit of the brain is ______________. 6. There are ______________ bones in the adult skeletal system. 7. The trunk of the human being is made up of ______________ main cavities. 8. The point where two bones come into contact is a ______________. 9. Joints of the ______________ have maximum movement. 10. The rib cage is made up of ______________ pairs of ribs.
-2- 11. ______________ helps in clotting of blood. 12. The bone marrow is present in the ______________ cavities. 13. The white blood cells are concerned with ______________. 14. The four main blood groups are ______________. 15. The contraction phase of the cardiac pump is called ______________. 16. The relaxation phase of the cardiac pump is called the ______________. 17. Instrument to record the blood pressure is known as ______________. 18. Blood is transported in three main types of closed vessels namely ______________, ______________, ______________.SECTION 3: MATCH THE FOLLOWING: (EACH CORRECT ANSWER CARRIES 1MARK) 1. Heart is covered by A. Spleen (behind the upper part of sternum) 2. Smell passes through B. Hearing and equilibrium 3. Largest sense organ C. Camera 4. Ovaries and gonads D. Pericardium 5. Abdominal organs are covered by E. Peritoneum 6. Ear is the organ of F. Olfactory nerve 7. Human eye is like a G. Skin 8. Thymus is located H. Reproductive glands 9. Thyroid gland secrets I. Secreting internally 10. Pituitary gland located in the J. Base of the brain 11. Endocrine gland K. Fight or flight 12. Cerebrospinal fluid L. Red pigment in blood 13. Sympathetic nerves M. Water cushion in brain 14. Hemoglobin N. ThyroxineSECTION 4: TRUE OR FALSE (EACH CORRECT ANSWER CARRIES 1 MARK) 1. Bone is first formed as collagen, which is latter replaced by cells that form the bones. 2. Yellow bone marrow is contained in the diaphysis of the long bones. 3. Bone is a nonliving tissue made up of cells that deposit minerals. 4. Haversian canals of long bones are filled with yellow bone marrow. 5. Spongy bone is the outside layer of compact bone.
-3- 6. Cartilage is a type of connective tissue that contains bloods vessels and nerves. 7. The majority of bones of the skeleton are part of the axial skeleton. 8. The bones of the knee are connected by semimovable joints. 9. The elbow is an example of a pivot joint. 10. An ovum is fertilized in the uterus. 11. After three months of development, the fetus is protected by the fallopian tube. 12. The time of the first menstrual period is called menarche. 13. An example of a hinge joint is the shoulder. 14. Tendons attach bones to bones. 15. The hip attachment of the bones is called the pectoral girdle and the shoulder attachment is called the pelvic girdle. 16. The majority of bones of the skeleton are part of the axial skeleton. 17. The shoulder joint is an example of a pivot joint. 18. The actual exchange of gases occurs at the bronchi. 19. The epidermis contains muscle tissue.SECTION 5: MULTIPLE CHOICES (EACH CORRECT ANSWER CARRIES 1 MARK) 1. Internal respiration is at the level of the a) organism b) cell c) lungs d) pharynx 2. Which of the following occurs as air rushes into the lungs to equalize air pressure? a) inhalation b) contraction c) exhalation d) None of the above. 3. The actual exchange of gases occurs at the site of the a) larynx b) nasal passage c) trachea d) alveoli 4. The tubes that branch from the trachea are the a) bronchi b) larynx c) bronchioles d) pharynx 5. Chamber where passages from the nose and mouth come together a) larynx b) pharynx c) trachea d) bronchi 6. The elbow is _____ to the wrist: a) distal b) lateral c) ventral d) proximal 7. Where are the vocal cords located in the body? a) pharynx b) epiglottis c) larynx d) trachea 8. Air in the alveoli following inhalation has the highest concentration of which gas? a) hydrogen b) carbon monoxide c) carbon dioxide d) oxygen 9. Sound is produced by vibrations of the a) epiglottis b) bronchi c) vocal cords d) trachea
-4- 10. Degeneration of cartilage causes a) menopause b) bone replacement c) bone fractures d) osteoarthritis 11. Of the following, the structure that is not part of the axial skeleton is the a) backbone b) pelvis c) rib cage d) skull 12. The type of bone that provides the greatest strength for support is a) spongy bone b) cartilaginous bone c) marrow bone d) compact bone 13. Bone loss may be slowed or prevented by a) calcium b) regular exercise c) balance diet d) all of the above 14. The term that is least closely related to others is a. skeletal muscle b. smooth muscle c. voluntary muscle d. striated muscle 15. Which of the following types of muscle tissues is responsible for moving most parts of the body? a. cardiac muscle b. smooth muscle c. skeletal muscle d. involuntary muscle 16. Oily secretions on the surface of the skin are produced by a. sweat glands b. sebaceous glands c. hair follicles d. red marrow 17. Muscles that cause a joint to bend are called a. flexors b. origins c. extensors d. insertions 18. The bodys left side is controlled by the cerebrums a) left side b) right side c) both left and right sides d) front half 19. What is the basic functional unit of the nervous system? a. cell body b. reflex arc c. neuron d. nephron 20. Neurons carry information through the body in the form of a. nerve impulses. b. dendrites. c. axons. d. nerve fibers.SECTION 6: LABEL EACH PART OF THE FIGURE IN THE SPACES PROVIDED:(EACH BLANK CARRIES 1 MARK)