The GoogleSpatial World:Making Classrooms a Spatial Place Bob Kolvoord James Madison University email@example.com
Why? What are the key questions we expect adults to be able to answer/ address in the 21st Century? What skills will be needed? Where do we teach them?
Spatial Thinking [The] ability to visualize and interpret location, distance, direction, relationships, movement and change over space (Sinton, 2009) Looking for geographic patterns, interpreting phenomena at different scales, answering the “why things are where they are” question
Support National Academies Reports ◦ Learning to Think Spatially: GIS as a Support System in the K-12 Curriculum Geographic Information Science has significant but as yet unrealized potential for supporting spatial thinking across a range of subjects in the K-12 curriculum (pg. 8) ◦ Successful K-12 STEM Education: Identifying Effective Approaches in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics “Increase STEM literacy for all students, including those who do not pursue STEM-related careers or additional study in the STEM disciplines” (pg. 5)
What are the GoogleSpatialTechnologies? Geobrowsers (i.e. Google Earth) GPS Remote Sensing GIS
Geobrowers Easy to use Ubiquitous? Provide a new vantage point on the world (the way in?)
GPS Huge growth in the automobile industry Lots of schools have handheld GPS units – good opportunity to collect data (VGI or “citizen science”) Do GPS units make us locationally stupid?
Remote Sensing “Eyes in the Sky” Can be “pictures” or can be at wavelengths we can’t perceive with our eyes GeoEye - http://www.geoeye.com/CorpSite/ Landsat - http://www.esri.com/landsat
Basic applications Google Maps – http://maps.google.com Bing Maps – http://www.bing.com/maps Google Earth – http://earth.google.com/ Google Earth lessons - http://gelessons.com/lessons/ Structured or unstructured, but mostly show and tell (relatively little analysis)
Web-based GIS applications National Atlas – http://www.nationalatlas.gov ArcGIS Online – http://arcgis.esri.com Google Mapmaker – http://www.google.com/mapmaker ESRI Business Analyst Online - http://www.esri.com/software/bao/ Broadvariety of geographic data. The price is right, but flexibility and control are limited
More Web-based mappingapplications ESRI EdCommunity Collections –http://esriurl.com/edteamportal1http://esriurl.com/edteamportal2 ArcGIS Explorer Onlinehttp://explorer.arcgis.com/
Going Further? Desktop GIS software ◦ ArcGIS (http://www.esri.com) - PC only ◦ MyWorld (http://www.myworldgis.org/) - Mac or PC ◦ Freeware packages What’s possible? ◦ Geospatial Semester http://www.isat.jmu.edu/geospatialsemester