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Open Access Orthopaedics


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Open Access Orthopaedics

  1. 1. Open Access / Open Source Orthopedics Christian Veillette M.D., M.Sc., FRCSC Assistant Professor, University of Toronto Shoulder & Elbow Reconstructive Surgery Toronto Western Hospital University Health Network Email:
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Define Open Access / Open Source </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate the barriers to knowledge translation created by commercial copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Provide overview of the alternatives to standard copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate the value of Open Access / Open Source </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Citation advantage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provide overview of Orthopaedia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>collaborative hypermedia workspace </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What is OS/OA? <ul><li>Open source </li></ul><ul><ul><li>process for the collective production and sharing of knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>generally associated with the production of computer code in ways made possible by the internet and computer networking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>made popular through the success of projects such as Apache and Linux  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>refers to scholarly literature that is produced digitally, posted online and, generally, available free of charge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>content is also free of most copyright and licensing restrictions </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Open Access (OA) <ul><li>Open access (OA) to scientific literature means removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work - G. Eysenbach </li></ul><ul><li>Two parallel “roads” towards OA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OA journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>make published articles immediately freely available on Web site </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (research grant) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-archiving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>make the article available on personal and/or institutional Web sites </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Barriers to Knowledge Translation <ul><li>Open access removes knowledge dissemination barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Closes KT feedback loop </li></ul>
  6. 6. Citation Advantage of OA <ul><li>Eysenbach G (2006) Citation Advantage of Open Access Articles. PLoS Biol 4(5): e157 </li></ul><ul><li>OA articles compared to non-OA articles more likely to be cited </li></ul><ul><ul><li>first 4–10 mo after publication - odds ratio = 2.1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10–16 mo after publication – odds ratio = 2.9 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Articles published as immediate OA article on the journal site have higher impact than self-archived or otherwise openly accessible OA articles </li></ul><ul><li>OA articles more immediately recognized and cited by peers than non-OA articles published in same journal </li></ul>
  7. 7. Alternatives to Standard Copyright <ul><li>GNU Free Documentation License </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used for Wikipedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>designed for manuals, textbooks, instructional materials, and documentation for GPL software </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons Licenses http:// / </li></ul>
  8. 8. OrthoPaedia <ul><li>Collaborative orthopaedic knowledgebase </li></ul><ul><li>Based on wiki framework </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular in enterprise collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>anyone with access to an Internet-connected computer can edit, correct, or improve information throughout the workspace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hyperlinks to pages with related content are automatically created </li></ul></ul>
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  10. 12. How to contribute <ul><li>Send email to [email_address] with request to become contributor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attach copy of CV </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Once account created/access granted: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Add a new article </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edit an existing article </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upload a presentation from rounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invite your fellow residents to contribute </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. Thank you The Orthopaedic Internet: A Collaborative Resource