Joy Openness Open Education Talk


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Joy Kirchner's presentation at UBC Open Education Roundtable, October 26, 2009

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  • Associated Press sues artist Shepard Fairey The famous and ubiquitous Obama “Hope” poster has become the subject of a lawsuit as the Associated Press, who claims to hold the copyright in the original photograph, has sued Shepard Fairey, the street artist behind the iconic poster. The poster, which became a de facto symbol of the Obama campaign, was originally thought to be based upon a Reuters photo . Fairey is being represented by the Anthony Falzone, executive director of the Fair Use Project at Stanford University , who believes that fair use will protect Fairey’s right to use the image in the manner he did. Shepard Fairey. Fairey is asking a federal judge to declare that he is protected from copyright infringement claims in his use of a news photograph as the basis for a now ubiquitous campaign poster image of President Obama. The New York Times writes: Mr. Fairey’s lawyers, including Anthony T. Falzone, the executive director of the Fair Use Project and a law lecturer at Stanford University, contend in the suit that Mr. Fairey used the photograph only as a reference and transformed it into a “stunning, abstracted and idealized visual image that created powerful new meaning and conveys a radically different message” from that of the shot Mr. Garcia took.
  • Hilde talked about 2 paths to open access. I’m going to go back to the Traditional access model and describe how that paradigm is changing and highlight what’s happening in biomedical areas. Libraries intrinisically about providing access to information … as information models change so are we changing as demonstrated by Hilde is showing you today. Since about 1995 forward we moved into the realm of showing our students, faculty and researchers all about how to use & access online resources available on the web – in the 21 st century it will look much different.
  • Joy Openness Open Education Talk

    2. 2. Outcomes <ul><li>Openness as a principle </li></ul><ul><li>Open access </li></ul><ul><li>Public access </li></ul><ul><li>Other connected movements: open source, open education, open data, open science </li></ul>
    3. 3. What do we mean by open? <ul><li>Open to contributions and participation </li></ul><ul><li>Open and free to access </li></ul><ul><li>Open to use & reuse w/few or no restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul>
    4. 4. Open to contributions and participation
    5. 5. As opposed to…
    6. 6. Open and free to access
    7. 7. As opposed to…
    8. 8. Open to use and reuse with few or no restrictions
    9. 9. As opposed to…
    10. 10. Transparency
    11. 11. As opposed to…
    12. 12. Commonalities <ul><li>Generally enabled by technology </li></ul><ul><li>Works both inside and outside of traditional models </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by a variety of business models </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open ≠ Free </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Open movements <ul><li>Open access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public access </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open source </li></ul><ul><li>Open content </li></ul><ul><li>Open education </li></ul><ul><li>Open data </li></ul><ul><li>Open science </li></ul>
    14. 14. Open Access <ul><li>By 'open access‘ to literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited. </li></ul><ul><li>Budapest Open Access Initiative- </li></ul><ul><li>2002 </li></ul>
    15. 15. Some common misconceptions <ul><li>Open access means no copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Open access is free </li></ul><ul><li>Open access always means the author pays </li></ul><ul><li>Open access will destroy peer review </li></ul><ul><li>Open access will destroy publishers </li></ul>
    16. 16. 2 Paths to Open Access manuscript …. <ul><li>Open Access journal </li></ul><ul><li>(PLOS Medicine; Biomedcentral, DOAJ ) </li></ul><ul><li>Open access copy </li></ul><ul><li>in online archive </li></ul><ul><li>(cIRcle; Pubmed Central) </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional subscription </li></ul><ul><li>access journals </li></ul>Articles can be made OA by publishing in an OA journal or self archiving OA copies from a traditional publication gold New Models of Scholarly Publishing green
    17. 17. Open Source <ul><li>Free to download </li></ul><ul><li>Open to modify </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute back code </li></ul>
    18. 18. Open Content <ul><li>Licensed to permit reuse & remixing </li></ul><ul><li>Anything that’s copyrightable can become open content: images, text, music, video </li></ul><ul><li>Open content license examples include Creative Commons, GNU General Public License, Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) </li></ul>
    19. 19. Open Education
    20. 20. Open Data <ul><li>Open access to data not just papers </li></ul><ul><li>Data should be available in reusable forms (not tied up in pdfs for example) – Data wants to be acted upon </li></ul><ul><li>Working Group on Open Data in Science ( and Science Commons ( </li></ul>
    21. 21. Open Science
    22. 22. Summary <ul><li>Principle of openness not just about ‘free’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to reuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to contribute to and participate in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multiple methods for open access and multiple business models to support </li></ul><ul><li>Public access generally different argument than open access </li></ul><ul><li>Range of movements around ‘openness’ in higher education – libraries should be aware of all </li></ul>
    23. 23. Attribution <ul><li>Slide 11: Super Secret </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 15: Door </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 17: Arrows </li></ul><ul><li>All photos used under a Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 license </li></ul><ul><li>This work was created by Sarah Shreeves and Joy Kirchner August 11, 2009 and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License. To view a copy of this license, visit or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA. </li></ul>
    24. 24. Contact Information <ul><li>Joy Kirchner </li></ul><ul><li>University of British Columbia </li></ul><ul><li>604-827-3644 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>