Digital Fabrication e FabLab at Reggio Emilia FabLab 27.10.2012

2,296 views

Published on

Published in: Design
1 Comment
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,296
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
428
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
50
Comments
1
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Digital Fabrication e FabLab at Reggio Emilia FabLab 27.10.2012

  1. 1. Digital Fabrication e FabLab Massimo Menichinelliopenp2pdesign.orgDesign for Open Systems, Processes, Projects, Places.
  2. 2. Cosa é la Digital Fabrication (o Fabbing) ed un Fab Lab?
  3. 3. Fab Lab: MIT + Neil Gershenfeld Fonte: http://cba.mit.edu/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neil_Gershenfeld
  4. 4. Bit + atomi = informazione + materia Fonte: http://fablab.waag.org/node/3847
  5. 5. 01. Computer collegati a macchine Fonte: http://www.google.com/patents?id=rRpqAAAAEBAJ&printsec=drawing&zoom=4#v=onepage&q&f=false
  6. 6. 02. Macchine che creano macchine Fonte: http://www.reprap.org/
  7. 7. 03. Materiali con codice incorporato Fonte: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/LEGO
  8. 8. 04. Materiali con programma incorporato Fonte: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ribosoma
  9. 9. Anche IDEO ci sta pensando!Fonte: http://www.fastcompany.com/biomimicry/training-bacteria-to-grow-consumer-goods
  10. 10. Fresa CNC Plotter taglio Scanner 3DTaglio laser (da tavolo) vinile Macchina Stampa Fresa CNC Arduino cucito e 3D (grande) ricamo digitale Ma nel 2012 ci sono:
  11. 11. “Democratizzazione” del Fabbing Fonte: http://cubify.com/
  12. 12. Ed il Fabbing diventa famosoFonte: http://www.wired.com/magazine/2010/01/ff_newrevolution/ http://econ.st/tnr97E
  13. 13. Fabbing + spazio + collaborazione = Fab Lab Fonte: http://www.flickr.com/photos/protospace/5199454304/
  14. 14. Un Fab Lab, per essere tale, deve:* garantire laccesso pubblico al fab lab* sottoscrivere la fab lab charter* condividere lo stesso tipo di strumenti e processi* partecipare nella rete globale dei fab lab Caratteristiche di un Fab Lab Fonte: http://wiki.fablab.is/w/index.php?title=ConditionsForFabLabLabel
  15. 15. * What is a fablab? Fab labs are a global network of local labs, enabling invention by providing access for individuals to tools for digital fabrication.• * Whats in a fablab? Fab labs share an evolving inventory of core capabilities to make (almost) anything, allowing people and projects to be shared• * What does the fab lab network provide? Operational, educational, technical, financial, and logistical assistance beyond whats available within one lab. * Who can use a fab lab? Fab labs are available as a community resource, offering open access for individuals as well as scheduled access for programs. * What are a fab lab users responsibilities? * safety: knowing how to work without hurting people or machines• * operations: assisting with maintaining the lab * knowledge: contributing to documentation and instruction * Who owns fab lab inventions? Designs and processes developed in fab labs can be protected and sold however an inventor chooses, but should remain available for individuals to use and learn from. * How can businesses use a fab lab? Commercial activities can be prototyped and incubated in a fab lab, but they must not conflict with other uses, they should grow beyond rather than within the lab, and they are expected to benefit the inventors, labs, and networks that contribute to their success August 14, 2012 Fab Charter Fonte: http://fab.cba.mit.edu/about/charter/
  16. 16. Fabn : la riunione annuale Fonte: http://www.fab8nz.com/
  17. 17. Fab Academy Fonte: http://fabacademy.org/
  18. 18. The International Fab Lab Association Fonte: http://www.fablabinternational.org/
  19. 19. Fab Lab Amsterdam (Olanda) Fonte: http://www.flickr.com/photos/37873897@N06/4973326149/
  20. 20. Mini Fab Lab (Utrecht, Olanda) Fonte: http://web.me.com/bartbakker/saguaro/Mini_FabLab.html
  21. 21. Mobile Fab LabFonte: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile_fab_lab
  22. 22. Fab Lab Afghanistan (Jalalabad, Afghanistan) Fonte: http://www.fablab.af/
  23. 23. FabLab per la comunità locale Fonte: http://fabfi.fabfolk.com/
  24. 24. FabLab Barcelona (Spagna)Fonte: http://www.flickr.com/photos/massimo_menichinelli/6766260627/in/set-72157629041599151/
  25. 25. Un Fab Lab per larchitetturaFonte: http://www.flickr.com/photos/massimo_menichinelli/6675540071/in/set-72157628815390223
  26. 26. Un Fab Lab per larchitettura Fonte: http://www.fablabhouse.com/
  27. 27. Linfluenza del contesto sul Fab Lab Fonte: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casa_Batlló
  28. 28. Green FabLab Barcelona Fonte: http://greenfablab.org/
  29. 29. Il futuro: Barcelona FabCity Fonte: http://www.iaacblog.com/blog/2011/iaac-at-fab-7-in-lima-peru/
  30. 30. … ed un centro di DIY / riparazioni Fonte: http://reparatmillorquenou.blogspot.com/
  31. 31. Aalto FabLab (Finlandia)Fonte: http://www.flickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/8112009542/in/photostream
  32. 32. Aalto FabLabFonte: http://www.flickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/8112001335/in/photostream
  33. 33. FabLab: non solo macchine, ma persone Fonte: http://www.flickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/8005660900/in/photostream
  34. 34. Fab Lab e Brand: nessun trademark Fonte: http://fab.cba.mit.edu/about/logos/index.html
  35. 35. Fab Lab e Brand: una possibile strategia? Fonte: http://www.flickr.com/photos/journal-du-design/3895643669/
  36. 36. Absolut Lab (Madrid, Spagna) Fonte: http://www.franciscosegarra.com/absolut-lab-proyecto-interiorismo/
  37. 37. Ma esistono solo i Fab Lab?
  38. 38. Ponoko (Nuova Zelanda, USA) Fonte: http://www.ponoko.com
  39. 39. Shapeways (Olanda, USA) Fonte: http://www.shapeways.com
  40. 40. Hackerspace / Makerspace Fonte: http://hackerspaces.org/wiki/List_of_Hacker_Spaces
  41. 41. Sewing CaféFonte: http://www.thesewingcafe.co.uk/
  42. 42. TechshopFonte: http://techshop.ws/
  43. 43. 100k Garages (USA)Fonte: http://www.100kgarages.com/map_fabber.php?usertype=Fabber
  44. 44. Seoul (Corea del Sud)
  45. 45. Living Labs (USA, Europa) Fonte: http://www.openlivinglabs.eu/
  46. 46. A cosa serve un Fab Lab?
  47. 47. Fabbricazione, tra digitale e materiale Fonte: http://www.flickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/7241749322/in/photostream
  48. 48. Lesperienza di artigiano digitale Fonte: http://www.flickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/7243041170/in/photostream
  49. 49. Non solo prototipi, ma prodotti finiti Fonte: http://fablab.waag.org/project/3d-bass-guitar
  50. 50. Uno spazio per il DIYFonte: Scott Beale / Laughing Squid http://laughingsquid.com http://www.flickr.com/photos/laughingsquid/133324021/
  51. 51. Modificare prodotti esistenti Fonte: http://www.ikeahackers.net/
  52. 52. Design o Architettura Generativa Fonte: http://www.n-e-r-v-o-u-s.com/
  53. 53. Mass Customization Fonte: http://nikeid.nike.com/nikeid/
  54. 54. Concorsi di (Open) Design Fonte: http://unlimiteddesigncontest.org/
  55. 55. Sviluppare prodotti e servizi (open) Fonte: http://wiki.openmoko.org/wiki/Main_Page
  56. 56. Open: Hardware, Software, Design Fonte: http://www.buglabs.net/
  57. 57. BugLabs + Ford Fonte: http://www.buglabs.net/ford-buglabs
  58. 58. Open Design: (quasi) giá un successo Fonte: http://craphound.com/makers/download/
  59. 59. Open Design: (quasi) giá un successo Fonte: http://opendesignnow.org/ http://www.droog.com/projects/events/design-for-download/
  60. 60. Open Design: (quasi) giá un successo Fonte: http://www.instructables.com/community/Instructables-Joins-Autodesk/
  61. 61. Open Design: (quasi) giá un successo Fonte: http://www.123dapp.com/
  62. 62. Perché aprire un Fab Lab?
  63. 63. I designer si possono autoprodurre Fonte: http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/1104350651/tiktok-lunatik-multi-touch-watch-kits
  64. 64. Sostenibilitá e rilocalizzazione Fonte: http://www.sourcemap.com
  65. 65. Il tipico processo (chiuso) di sviluppo Fonte: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Microsoft_Windows
  66. 66. Ed un processo aperto! Fonte: http://futurist.se/gldt/
  67. 67. 2009: $11,000,000 * 13 compagnie sopra $ 1 m. $10,000,000 * totale: $ 50 m. * $ 1 miliardo entro il 2015 $9,000,000 $8,000,000 $7,000,000 $6,000,000Revenues $5,000,000 $4,000,000 $3,000,000 $2,000,000 $1,000,000 $0 Open Hardware: un mercato in crescita Fonte: http://blog.makezine.com/archive/2010/05/million-dollar-baby-businesses-de.html
  68. 68. “In 2010, SparkFun had revenues of about $18.4MM. As of April of 2011, we havearound 120 employees, up from 87 a year ago.”“We hope to grow by 50% this year (2011) to around $28MM in sales. We expectto be in the 30-50MM range in the next 3-5.” SparkFun Fonte: http://www.sparkfun.com/news/599
  69. 69. Ed Etsy per lartigianato / DIY Fonte: http://www.etsy.com/
  70. 70. Utenti: +8 milioni Negozi attivi: +800,000 $350,000,000 Prodotti 8.5 milioni $300,000,000 $250,000,000Total $ sold (Gross Merchandise Sales) $200,000,000 $150,000,000 $100,000,000 $50,000,000 $0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 (March) Etsy Fonte: http://www.etsy.com/press/kit/
  71. 71. Il settore della stampa 3D é cresciuto del 24.1% nel 2011. Previsioni: $3.1 miliardi (2016) $5.2 miliardi (2020). (Wohlers Associates, 2011) Business sostenibile Business non ancora sostenibile--> $10 Milioni da VC --> $5 Milioni da VC Il mercato della stampa 3D Fonte: http://www.etsy.com/press/kit/
  72. 72. Fabbing + designers = $$$ + Open Design Fonte: http://www.freedomofcreation.com/home/3d-systems-acquires-freedom-of-creation
  73. 73. Fabbing + utenti = $$$ + Open Design Fonte: http://blog.3dsystems.com/2011/05/3d-systems-partners-with-alibre.html http://www.alibre.com/
  74. 74. “We fnd this previously unmeasured type of household sectorinnovation to be quite large: 6.2% of UK consumers - 2.9 millionindividuals - have engaged in consumer product innovation duringthe prior 3 years. In aggregate, consumers’ annual productdevelopment expenditures are 2.3 times larger than the annualconsumer product R&D expenditures of all frms in the UKcombined. “Eric A. Von Hippel, Jeroen De Jong, Steven FlowersComparing Business and Household Sector Innovation in ConsumerProducts: Findings from a Representative Study in the UK Gli utenti innovano – e tanto! Fonte: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1683503
  75. 75. Open Design: una idea per le policy di DesignFonte: http://europeandesigninnovation.eu/design-as-a-driver-of-european-growth-the-design-leadership-boards-21-recommendations-to-the-european-commission/
  76. 76. Stampa 3D: nelle policy per linnovazioneFonte: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2012/08/16/we-can-t-wait-obama-administration-announces-new-public-private-partners
  77. 77. Cé ancora tempo per agireFonte: http://www.shapeways.com/blog/archives/1582-3D-Printing-Hits-the-Peak-of-the-Gartner-Hype-Cycle-for-Emerging-Technologies.html
  78. 78. Grazie!!info@openp2pdesign.org openp2pdesign.org @openp2pdesign

×