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Como construir un Fab Lab - FEED2015 20.11.2015

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Como construir un Fab Lab - FEED2015 20.11.2015

  1. 1. Diseñar un Fab Lab u otro laboratorio para una comunidad Massimo Menichinelli openp2pdesign.org Design for Open Systems, Processes, Projects, Places.
  2. 2. Introducción
  3. 3. * Tecnología * Espacios * Localidad * Usuarios Porqué el taller
  4. 4. * Tecnología * Espacios * Localidad * Usuarios * Redes * Flujos Porqué el taller
  5. 5. * Educación * Investigación * Consultoria Mis perspectivas
  6. 6. Introducción 09:15 - 10:30: ¿Que son los Fab Labs? Diseño 10:30 – 11:15: Análisis de los usuarios 11:15 – 11:45: Diseño de las actividades (descanso) 12:00 - 12:30: Diseño de las actividades 12:30 - 13:30: Diseño del modelo de negocio Estructura
  7. 7. ¿Que son los Fab Labs?
  8. 8. Atomos y Bits: dos direcciones Desde los atomos hacía los bits Desde los bits hacía los atomos { {
  9. 9. Fuente: http://cba.mit.edu/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neil_Gershenfeld CBA MIT + Neil Gershenfeld
  10. 10. Fuente: http://www.google.com/patents?id=rRpqAAAAEBAJ&printsec=drawing&zoom=4#v=onepage&q&f=false 01. Ordenadores y maquinas
  11. 11. Fuente: http://www.reprap.org/ 02. Maquinas que hace maquinas
  12. 12. Fuente: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/LEGO 03. Materiales con adentro un codigo
  13. 13. Fuente: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ribosoma 04. Materiales con adentro un programa
  14. 14. Fuente: http://www.fastcompany.com/biomimicry/training-bacteria-to-grow-consumer-goods También IDEO lo está estudiando
  15. 15. Fuente: http://www.flickr.com/photos/protospace/5512892072/ Democratización de la Fabricación Digital
  16. 16. Datos: https://www.fablabs.io/ Fab Lab: una comunidad / red global
  17. 17. FABx: una conferencia cada año Fuente: http://www.fab11.org/
  18. 18. * A space about bits and atoms * Part of a network * A local and global community * A set of tools * A set of knowledge * A set of processes * A service * Not a franchising * A business * A concept currently under development Fuente: http://www.openp2pdesign.org/2013/spaces/what-is-a-fablab/ Un Fab Lab es ...
  19. 19. Fuente: http://www.flickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/8740909114/in/set-72157633484032773 Aprendizaje y colaboración
  20. 20. Fuente: http://www.fabacademy.org/ Fab Academy
  21. 21. Fuente: http://www.flickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/7243041170/in/photostream Artesanía Digital
  22. 22. Fuente: http://fablab.waag.org/project/3d-bass-guitar No solo prototipado
  23. 23. Fuente: http://www.sourcemap.com Supply chain y sostenibilidad
  24. 24. “We find this previously unmeasured type of household sector innovation to be quite large: 6.2% of UK consumers - 2.9 million individuals - have engaged in consumer product innovation during the prior 3 years. In aggregate, consumers’ annual product development expenditures are 2.3 times larger than the annual consumer product R&D expenditures of all firms in the UK combined. “ Eric A. Von Hippel, Jeroen De Jong, Steven Flowers Comparing Business and Household Sector Innovation in Consumer Products: Findings from a Representative Study in the UK Fuente: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1683503 Los usuarios diseñan...
  25. 25. Fuente: http://www.flickr.com/photos/massimo_menichinelli/7325704122/in/photostream Open Source, desde la practica
  26. 26. Ejemplos de Fab Labs
  27. 27. Fuente: http://www.flickr.com/photos/37873897@N06/4973326149/ Fab Lab Amsterdam (Países Bajos)
  28. 28. Fuente: http://waag.org/nl/diensten/fablab-amsterdam Fab Lab Amsterdam (Países Bajos)
  29. 29. Fuente: http://waag.org/nl/diensten/fablab-amsterdam Fab Lab Amsterdam (Países Bajos)
  30. 30. Fuente: http://web.me.com/bartbakker/saguaro/Mini_FabLab.html Mini Fab Lab (Utrecht, Países Bajos)
  31. 31. Fuente: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile_fab_lab Mobile Fab Lab
  32. 32. Fuente: http://www.fablab.af/ Fab Lab Afghanistan (Jalalabad, Afghanistan)
  33. 33. Fuente: http://www.flickr.com/photos/massimo_menichinelli/6766260627/in/set-72157629041599151/ Fab Lab Barcelona
  34. 34. Fuente: http://www.fablabbcn.org/machines/ Fab Lab Barcelona
  35. 35. Fuente: http://www.dyvikdesign.com/site/research/fablab/arriving-at-fablab-barcelona.html Fab Lab Barcelona
  36. 36. Fuente: http://www.dyvikdesign.com/site/research/fablab/arriving-at-fablab-barcelona.html Fab Lab Barcelona
  37. 37. Fuente: http://www.fablabbcn.org/2011/06/fab-academy-2011-final-presentations/ Fab Lab Barcelona
  38. 38. Fuente: http://www.flickr.com/photos/massimo_menichinelli/6675540071/in/set-72157628815390223 Un Fab Lab para arquitectura y ciudad
  39. 39. Fuente: http://greenfablab.org/ Green Fab Lab (Barcelona)
  40. 40. Fuente: http://www.iaacblog.com/blog/2011/iaac-at-fab-7-in-lima-peru/ Barcelona FabCity
  41. 41. Fuente: http://ateneusdefabricacio.barcelona.cat/xarxa-de-ateneus-de-fabricacio/ Ateneus de fabricació (Barcelona)
  42. 42. Fab Labs que he desarrolado
  43. 43. Fuente: http://www.flickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/8112009542/in/photostream Aalto Fab Lab (Helsinki, Finlandia)
  44. 44. Fuente: http://www.flickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/8112001335/in/photostream Aalto Fab Lab (Helsinki, Finlandia)
  45. 45. Fuente: http://www.flickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/9913335626/in/set-72157635833952295 Aalto Fab Lab (Helsinki, Finlandia)
  46. 46. Fuente: http://www.flickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/10834465235/in/set-72157637625089793 Aalto FabLab (Helsinki, Finlandia)
  47. 47. Fuente: http://www.flickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/8002667488/in/set-72157631572499156 Aalto Fab Lab (Helsinki, Finlandia)
  48. 48. Fuente: http://www.flickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/8005660900/in/photostream Aalto Fab Lab (Helsinki, Finlandia)
  49. 49. Fuente: http://www.flickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/7241749322/in/photostream Aalto Fab Lab (Helsinki, Finlandia)
  50. 50. Foto: Alessandro Gadotti Muse (Trento, Italia)
  51. 51. Muse Fab Lab (Trento, Italia)
  52. 52. Muse Fab Lab (Trento, Italia)
  53. 53. Muse Fab Lab (Trento, Italia)
  54. 54. opendot (Milano, Italia)
  55. 55. opendot (Milano, Italia)
  56. 56. opendot (Milano, Italia)
  57. 57. opendot (Milano, Italia)
  58. 58. opendot (Milano, Italia)
  59. 59. opendot (Milano, Italia)
  60. 60. La red de los Fab Labs
  61. 61. La antigua lista del CBA Fuente: http://fab.cba.mit.edu/about/labs/
  62. 62. El wiki de Fablab.is Fuente: http://wiki.fablab.is/wiki/Portal:Labs
  63. 63. A Fab Lab should: * provide public access to the Fab Lab * subscribe the Fab Charter * share the same set of tools and processes * partecipate in the global network of Fab Labs Fuente: http://www.fabfoundation.org/fab-labs/fab-lab-criteria/ Las condiciones para ser un Fab Lab
  64. 64. * What is a fablab? Fab labs are a global network of local labs, enabling invention by providing access for individuals to tools for digital fabrication. • * What's in a fablab? Fab labs share an evolving inventory of core capabilities to make (almost) anything, allowing people and projects to be shared • * What does the fab lab network provide? Operational, educational, technical, financial, and logistical assistance beyond what's available within one lab. * Who can use a fab lab? Fab labs are available as a community resource, offering open access for individuals as well as scheduled access for programs. * What are a fab lab user's responsibilities? * safety: knowing how to work without hurting people or machines • * operations: assisting with maintaining the lab * knowledge: contributing to documentation and instruction * Who owns fab lab inventions? Designs and processes developed in fab labs can be protected and sold however an inventor chooses, but should remain available for individuals to use and learn from. * How can businesses use a fab lab? Commercial activities can be prototyped and incubated in a fab lab, but they must not conflict with other uses, they should grow beyond rather than within the lab, and they are expected to benefit the inventors, labs, and networks that contribute to their success August 14, 2012 Fuente: http://fab.cba.mit.edu/about/charter/ Fab Charter
  65. 65. Fuente: http://wiki.fablab.is/wiki/Fab_Lab_conformity_rating Niveles (?)
  66. 66. Also note, that the label is "Fab Lab" (or Fablab or FabLab) and that you are not entitled to use anything like "MIT Fab Lab" etc. However, you can always say that your Fab Lab is modeled after the MIT concept or anything along these lines. Fuente: http://wiki.fablab.is/wiki/ConditionsForFabLabLabel NO es MIT
  67. 67. No es MIT: Fab Foundation Fuente: http://www.fabfoundation.org/
  68. 68. International Fab Lab Association Fuente: http://www.fablabinternational.org/
  69. 69. Fablabs.io Fuente: http://fablabs.io/
  70. 70. La video conferencia (?): 18.85.8.48 Fuente: http://mcu.cba.mit.edu/conference_list.html
  71. 71. La video conferencia (?) Fuente: http://wiki.fablab.is/wiki/Multipoint_Conference_Unit_(MCU)
  72. 72. La escala de los Fab Labs
  73. 73. Micro FabLab → 1k $ Mini FabLab → 10k $ Standard FabLab → 100k $ Mega FabLab → 1000k $ En maquinas y herramientas… $ no es € pero más o menos... Una escala de potencia...
  74. 74. Mini FabLab → 10k * 25 m2 * 50.000 € * 1 persona Standard FabLab → 100k * 75-200 m2 * 80.000 – 200.000 € * 2-3 personas La scala in potenza di dieci...
  75. 75. Micro FabLab → 1k * 5 m2 * 5.000 € * 1 persona ... Mega FabLab → 1000k * > 300 m2 * 200.000 – 3.000.000 ... € * +20 personas Aun para explorar...
  76. 76. Fuente: http://www.fabtotum.com/ 1k Fab Lab: máquinas híbridas
  77. 77. Fuente: http://www.flickr.com/photos/joi/4275586653/ 1000k Fab Lab: un TechShop
  78. 78. * máquinas * herramientas * mobiliario * ordenadores * software * materiales * renovación espacio * alquiler espacio * sueldos * consultorias * comunicación * … gestión Los costes...
  79. 79. Laser cutter (Small) CNC Milling machine 3D printing (Big) CNC Milling machine Digital sewing / embroidery Vinyl cutter 3D Scanner Electronics (custom PCBs, Arduino) Máquinas más comunes
  80. 80. Laser cutter (Small) CNC Milling machine 3D printing (Big) CNC Milling machine Digital sewing / embroidery Vinyl cutter 3D Scanner Electronics (custom PCBs, Arduino) Máquinas de verdad más comunes
  81. 81. Fuente: http://fab.cba.mit.edu/about/fab/inv.html 100k Fab Lab: la lista
  82. 82. Fuente: http://mtm.cba.mit.edu/ Fab Lab 2.0: Machines that make machines
  83. 83. Fuente: http://fabmodules.org/ Fab Modules: un CAM para todos
  84. 84. Fuente: https://www.facebook.com/groups/smallfablab/ 10k Fab Lab: el grupo en Facebook
  85. 85. Fuente: https://www.facebook.com/groups/smallfablab/1423291301223406/ + http://www.minifablab.nl/?page_id=424&preview=true 10k FabLab: la lista
  86. 86. Fuente: http://www.fablabamersfoort.nl/downloads/fablab-instructable.pdf Grassroot FabLab...
  87. 87. * Is the machine right for your activities? * Are the specifications of the machine right for your space? * Is the machine part of the official list? * Is the machine compatible with Fab Modules? * Is the machine easy to install? * Is the machine easy to run? * Is the machine cheap enough for you? * Is the machine popular enough? * Is the machine popular with the FabLabs you will be collaborating the most? * Will the machine arrive on time? * Will the machine be certified? * Will the machine have a warranty? Fuente: http://www.openp2pdesign.org/2013/spaces/how-to-build-a-fablab/ ¿Como elegir las máquinas?
  88. 88. El diseño de un Fab Lab
  89. 89. Fuente: http://fab.cba.mit.edu/about/logos/index.html Fab Lab logo: ningun trademark
  90. 90. * (Connect to local and regional networks) * Look for local resources * Look for the right people * Design activities, services and features * Design the business model * Prepare the space * Open the space * Further develop the space and machines * Connect to local and regional networks Fuente: http://www.openp2pdesign.org/2013/spaces/how-to-build-a-fablab/ Un proceso de diseño posible
  91. 91. * Identify a host agency to host and take ownership of the Fab Lab * Identify the right champion to lead this Fab Lab * Finalize partnership/ contractual agreements * Secure funding for this Fab Lab * Identify and prepare site * Procure, install and commission the Fab Lab * Train the trainers (technical and management) * Identify projects * Launch the Fab Lab Fuente: http://www.fabfoundation.org/fab-labs/setting-up-a-fab-lab/ Otro proceso posible ...
  92. 92. * Start from the local conditions * Think about the community and get it involved * Develop the service, the business model and then the business plan * Beware of the hidden costs! * Plan enough time for the development of the lab * Balance the team and the resources * Choose carefully the tools * It’s not over yet when you buy the machines * Be part of the network and learn from others * Test the machines and the processes before opening Fonte: http://www.openp2pdesign.org/2013/spaces/10-things-to-do-when-starting-a-fablab/ 10 cosas que hay que considerar
  93. 93. * The Enabler business model: launch new Labs or provide maintenance, supply chain or similar services for existing Labs. * The Education business model: a global distributed model of education through Fab Labs (with the Fab Academy) where global experts in particular topics can deliver training from local Fab Labs or even from universities/businesses via the Fab Lab video conferencing network. * The Incubator business model: provide infrastructure for entrepreneurs to turn their Fab Lab creations into sustainable businesses. The incubator provides back-office infrastructure, promotion & marketing, seed capital, the leverage of the Fab Lab network and other venture infrastructure to enable the entrepreneur to focus on her areas of expertise. * The Replicated / Network business model: provide a product, service or curriculum that operates by utilizing the infrastructure, staff and expertise of a local Fab Lab. Such opportunities can be replicated, sold by and executed at many (or all) local Labs, with sustainable revenue at each location. The leverage of all Labs in the network simultaneously promoting and delivering the business creates strength and reach for the brand. Fuente: http://wiki.fablab.is/wiki/Fab_Lab_Portal#Overall_Goals_within_the_Fab_ecosystem Modelos de negocio ...
  94. 94. Análisis de los usuarios
  95. 95. Fuente: http://servicedesigntools.org/ Service Design Tools ...
  96. 96. Fuente: https://github.com/openp2pdesign/ServiceDesignToolkit Service Design: Toolkit
  97. 97. Fuente: http://www.servicedesigntoolkit.org/templates/ Service Design: Toolkit
  98. 98. Fuente: http://servicedesigntools.org/tools/40 Personas: user-centered design
  99. 99. Source: https://github.com/OpenP2PDesignOrg/ServiceDesignToolkit Personas: user-centered design
  100. 100. Source: https://github.com/OpenP2PDesignOrg/ServiceDesignToolkit Personas: user-centered design
  101. 101. Diseño de las actividades
  102. 102. Fuente: https://github.com/OpenP2PDesignOrg/ServiceDesignToolkit La red de las actividades
  103. 103. La red de las actividades
  104. 104. La red de las actividades
  105. 105. Para mapas mentales, y más ... Fuente: http://www.xmind.net/
  106. 106. Diseño del modelo de negocio
  107. 107. Non-monetary incentives: * problem solving * ethical questions * education + learning * reputation --> social interactions + jobs Ejemplo: software Open Source
  108. 108. Fuente: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gift_economy Una economía del don: facilitando redes
  109. 109. Monetary incentives: * selling software (as open or even with dual licensing) * offering services (customisation, support, ...) * paid developer work * donation * software as service (freemium, ...) * embedding software into hardware Ejemplo: software Open Source
  110. 110. Fuente: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Market_economy Una economía de mercado: facilitando flujos
  111. 111. Fuente: http://www.businessmodelgeneration.com/canvas/bmc Business Model Canvas
  112. 112. Fuente: https://canvanizer.com/new/business-model-canvas Business Model Canvas: online
  113. 113. Fuente: https://bmfiddle.com/ Business Model Canvas: online
  114. 114. Muchas gracias! Massimo Menichinelli info@openp2pdesign.org openp2pdesign.org @openp2pdesign

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