How to build a FabLab @ OuiShare Fest 2013


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How to build a FabLab @ OuiShare Fest 2013

  1. 1. How to build a FabLabMassimo Menichinelliopenp2pdesign.orgDesign for Open Systems, Processes, Projects, Places.
  2. 2. Digital Fabrication andFabLabs
  3. 3. Bits + Atoms: two different directionsFrom atoms to bits From bits to atoms{{
  4. 4. Source: Lab: from MIT + Neil Gershenfeld
  5. 5. Source: Computer attached to machines
  6. 6. Source: Machines that replicate machines
  7. 7. Source: Materials with embedded code
  8. 8. Source: Materials with embedded program
  9. 9. Source: IDEO is working on this
  10. 10. Source: Digital Fabrication
  11. 11. Source: a global community / network
  12. 12. Fab9: the global meeting in 2013Source:
  13. 13. * A space about bits and atoms* Part of a network* A local and global community* A set of tools* A set of knowledge* A set of processes* A service* Not a franchising* A business* A concept currently under developmentSource: Fab Lab is ...
  14. 14. Source: experience of digital craftsman
  15. 15. Source: only prototypes, also complete products
  16. 16. Source: http://www.sourcemap.comSupply chain and sustainability
  17. 17. “We fnd this previously unmeasured type of household sectorinnovation to be quite large: 6.2% of UK consumers - 2.9million individuals - have engaged in consumer productinnovation during the prior 3 years. In aggregate, consumers’annual product development expenditures are 2.3 times largerthan the annual consumer product R&D expenditures of allfrms in the UK combined. “Eric A. Von Hippel, Jeroen De Jong, Steven FlowersComparing Business and Household Sector Innovation in ConsumerProducts: Findings from a Representative Study in the UKSource: innovate – a lot!
  18. 18. Source: Source from the practice
  19. 19. Examples of FabLabs
  20. 20. Source: Lab Amsterdam (Netherlands)
  21. 21. Source: Fab Lab (Utrecht, Netherlands)
  22. 22. Source: Fab Lab
  23. 23. Source: Lab Afghanistan (Jalalabad, Afghanistan)
  24. 24. Sourc: Barcelona (Spain)
  25. 25. Source: (big) FabLab for architecture
  26. 26. Source: FabLab Barcelona
  27. 27. Source: FabCity
  28. 28. FabLabs developmentIve worked in
  29. 29. Source: FabLab (Helsinki, Finland)
  30. 30. Source: FabLab (Helsinki, Finland)
  31. 31. Source:: FabLab (Helsinki, Finland)
  32. 32. Source: FabLab (Helsinki, Finland)
  33. 33. Source: Picture: Alessandro RizziFabLab Reggio Emilia (Italy)
  34. 34. MuSe Fablab (Trento, Italy)
  35. 35. Picture: Alessandro GadottiMuSe (Trento, Italy)
  36. 36. MuSe Fablab (Trento, Italy)
  37. 37. Best practices forstarting a FabLab
  38. 38. Add yourself here:Soruce:
  39. 39. Send your details here:Source:
  40. 40. A FabLab should:* provide public access to the fablab* subscribe the fab charter* share the same set of tools and processes* partecipate in the global network fo fablabsSource: for being a Fab Lab
  41. 41. * What is a fablab? Fab labs are a global network of local labs, enabling invention by providing access forindividuals to tools for digital fabrication.•* Whats in a fablab? Fab labs share an evolving inventory of core capabilities to make (almost) anything,allowing people and projects to be shared•* What does the fab lab network provide? Operational, educational, technical, fnancial, and logisticalassistance beyond whats available within one lab.* Who can use a fab lab? Fab labs are available as a community resource, ofering open access for individuals aswell as scheduled access for programs.* What are a fab lab users responsibilities?* safety: knowing how to work without hurting people or machines•* operations: assisting with maintaining the lab* knowledge: contributing to documentation and instruction* Who owns fab lab inventions? Designs and processes developed in fab labs can be protected and soldhowever an inventor chooses, but should remain available for individuals to use and learn from.* How can businesses use a fab lab? Commercial activities can be prototyped and incubated in a fab lab, butthey must not conflict with other uses, they should grow beyond rather than within the lab, and they areexpected to beneft the inventors, labs, and networks that contribute to their successAugust 14, 2012Source: Charter
  42. 42. Source: Lab logo: no trademark
  43. 43. * Start from the local conditions* Think about the community and get it involved* Develop the service, the business model and thenthe business plan* Beware of the hidden costs!* Plan enough time for the development of the lab* Balance the team and the resources* Choose carefully the tools* It’s not over yet when you buy the machines* Be part of the network and learn from others* Test the machines and the processes beforeopeningSource: things to do...
  44. 44. (Very) small lab* 25 m2* 50.000 €* 1 personMedium lab* 75 m2* 100.000 €* 2 peopleBig lab* > 120 m2* 200.000 €* 3 peopleScales...
  45. 45. Source: official list of tools
  46. 46. Laser cutter(Small) CNCMilling machine3Dprinting(Big) CNCMilling machineDigitalsewing /embroideryVinyl cutter 3D ScannerElectronics(custom PCBs,Arduino)Most common technologies in a FabLab
  47. 47. Laser cutter(Small) CNCMilling machine3Dprinting(Big) CNCMilling machineDigitalsewing /embroideryVinyl cutter 3D ScannerElectronics(custom PCBs,Arduino)Basic technologies in a FabLab
  48. 48. Source: service design toolkit
  49. 49. Source: user-centered design
  50. 50. Source: user-centered design
  51. 51. Source: Network: structure
  52. 52. Source: Network: structure
  53. 53. Source: Model Canvas: sketch
  54. 54. Source: Map: flows
  55. 55. Thank you!