Jaimee stuart why multiculturalism matters

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Jaimee stuart why multiculturalism matters

  1. 1. Why Multiculturalism Matters: Perceptions and Policies Dr Jaimee Stuart Centre for Longitudinal Research University of Auckland
  2. 2. Defining Multiculturalism• Descriptive: Living in a society with many different ethnic communities - a culturally diversity context• Ideological: An approach to dealing with cultural diversity that endorses tolerance, equality, and pluralism
  3. 3. Levels of Multiculturalism• The societal policies and attitudes towards cultural diversity – Societal Level• A person’s thoughts and feelings / perceptions of the amount of tolerance of cultural diversity – Individual Level
  4. 4. Multiculturalism: Societal• Policies• Percentage of immigrants / cultural homogeneity• Linguistic diversity• Multicultural ideologies – Negative and positive attitudes towards immigrants
  5. 5. Societal Multiculturalism in NZ• NZ is demographically multicultural – Although multiculturalism is not articulated in law• New Zealanders endorse a multicultural ideology – Although endorsements tend to be symbolic – Some types of cultural diversity are preferred over others
  6. 6. Findings• How do societal levels of multiculturalism impact on people? – Host nationals – Ethnic minorities
  7. 7. Multiculturalism: Individual Level• Personal acceptance of cultural diversity – Attitudes towards integration• Perceptions that the environment you live in is accepting / tolerant – Subjective multiculturalism
  8. 8. Findings• How does personal acceptance of diversity and the perception of living in a tolerant, multicultural society impact on people? – Host nationals – Ethnic minorities
  9. 9. Summary• Multiculturalism is multifaceted, examining the impacts at one level does not give a picture of the lived experience of cultural diversity• Multiculturalism does not exist “out there”, but rather is dynamically constituted by individuals within a society
  10. 10. • “I think another cool thing was meeting people from different backgrounds. Not just Kiwis but other cultures... that makes things more interesting, you know, the multiculturalism in New Zealand. And I think being open to other cultures and accepting. I don’t think you find that a lot in other countries”
  11. 11. Thank YouContact: j.stuart@auckland.ac.nz

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