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Deng Xiaoping's Reforms - Agriculture


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Deng Xiaoping's Reforms - Agriculture

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Deng Xiaoping's Reforms - Agriculture

  1. 1. CHANGES UNDER DENG XIAOPING IN AGRICULTURE Sarah Aveline|Natalie Wong|Megan Lee|Kyle Tsang
  2. 2. Background Information In 1980 about 90% of PRC population lived in the countryside where radical reforms were a economical necessity by the end of 1970s. Greater agriculture was needed because the PRC relied on grain imports and the population was rising therefore they needed more food supply. 1977- Deng Xiaoping returned to power as the Deputy Chairman and Deputy Prime Minister of the Party Agriculture was one of The Four Modernisations launched by Deng Xiaoping, in an aim to mark the beginning of a new Chinese Era.
  3. 3. What were the main Problems? Main concern- the need for China’s agriculture and industry to improve and become modernised. Deng’s plan- To increase the output in agriculture, resulting in him launching agriculture reforms in December 1978 Main Problem- Cooperative farms were failing to produce enough food for the Chinese population. Therefore leading China to import 13.7 millions tons of grain in 1982.
  4. 4. What happened- What were the Changes? The plots belonging to the peasants was increased in size ● Families were given responsibility for cultivating areas of land in their commune during the Responsibility System in 1978 ● Contracts were signed with the promise to produce a fixed value of food for sale to the state as well as selling any leftovers at the market in order to gain profit ● The third plenum of the 11th central committee authorised reforms in rural areas Local village markets, which had been prohibited since the 1960s were necessary, meaning farmers could grow crops from profit, rather than only to fulfil government production and sell their produce to local markets The CCP had become less hostile to at least limited capitalism to address certain economic crisis
  5. 5. Result of the Changes ● 1983- China had 44,000 markets where food could be sold privately by farmers ● Income of agriculture workers tripled between 1977 and 1983 ● 1984- China’s grain harvest reached 400 millions tons- an improvement in output ● Improved standards of living after 1976, including- quantity and quality of available food, incomes rising, household consumption rising, education expanded, vaccinations for children, water supplies and healthcare (medication) Improvement of output Improvement in the standard of living Long term leases
  6. 6. Quiz - True or False
  7. 7. The Four Modernisations was launched by Zhou Enlai
  8. 8. FALSE: It was launched by Deng Xiaoping
  9. 9. The Responsibility System was a system giving families responsibility for cultivating areas of land in their commune
  10. 10. TRUE
  11. 11. Plots belonging to the Peasants were decreased in size so more farms could be created
  12. 12. FALSE: The plots belonging to the peasants was increased in size
  13. 13. Farmers were now able to grow crops for profit
  14. 14. TRUE
  15. 15. During the result of the reform, the income of agriculture workers decreased
  16. 16. FALSE: The income actually tripled between 1977 and 1983
  17. 17. Overall, China’s grain harvest reached 400 million tons which was an improvement in output
  18. 18. TRUE
  19. 19. After the reform, there was an improvement in quantity and quality of food, medical care, and education was expanded
  20. 20. TRUE