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Chap 13. the executive branch


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Chap 13. the executive branch

  1. 1. Executive Branch<br />Unit 4: Chapter 13<br />Article II<br />
  2. 2. Executive Branch<br />Purpose: Enforcement and Implementation of Laws<br />It implements the policies put forth by Congressional law which hopefully reflects the will of the American people.<br />
  3. 3. Executive Branch<br />It is the biggest of the three branches of government, on both the federal and state level<br />
  4. 4. Executive Branch<br />The president is the head of the executive branch on the federal level<br />The governor is the head of the executive branch on the state level<br />
  5. 5. The President – Combination of Roles<br />The president does not have a single role in government, but multiple.<br />In Parliamentary societies the prime minister serves a more specialized role, almost like the Speaker of the House.<br />
  6. 6. The President – Chief of State<br />Ceremonial head of government<br />Symbol of all the people in the nation<br />Other countries have kings or queens that reign, but do not rule<br />
  7. 7. The President – Chief Executive<br />Head of the executive branch<br /><ul><li>Creates the federal budget</li></li></ul><li>The President – Chief Administrator<br />Boss of federal bureaucracy<br /><ul><li>Director of the federal government</li></li></ul><li>The President – Chief Diplomat<br />Architect of foreign policy<br /><ul><li>Chief spokesperson to the rest of the world</li></li></ul><li>The President – Commander in Chief<br />Head of the military/ armed forces<br /><ul><li>US arsenal subject to President’s direct control</li></li></ul><li>The President – Chief Legislator<br />Helps shape public policy<br /><ul><li>Works with Congress to enact major legislation</li></li></ul><li>The President – Chief of Party<br />Leader of political party in power<br />
  8. 8. The President – Chief Citizen<br />Represents all of the people in America<br /><ul><li>Expected to work for and represent public interest</li></li></ul><li>Presidential Qualifications<br />Must be a natural born US citizen<br />Must have lived in the nation for 14 years<br />At least 35 years old<br />
  9. 9. Executive Branch – Term Limits<br />Presidents is elected to two four year terms<br />Two term limit added by the 22nd amendment<br />Vice President limited to ten years if they succeed the president<br />Some states set a term limit for governorship<br />How many terms was FDR elected?<br />
  10. 10. Presidential Pay and Benefits<br />$400,000 salary<br />$50,000 expense account<br />Other benefits:<br />White House<br />Camp David<br />Air Force One<br />Yachts<br />Fleet of Cars<br />Memoirs<br />
  11. 11. The top five presidents<br />This list is compiled from websites, yearly polls and presidential historians<br />The order of ranking can vary.<br />Lincoln<br />Washington<br />Franklin Roosevelt<br />Thomas Jefferson<br />Theodore Roosevelt<br />Woodrow Wilson<br />Harry Truman<br />
  12. 12. Of the worst there is also quite a bit of discussion<br />Some perennial picks include:<br />James Buchanan<br />Andrew Johnson<br />Richard Nixon<br />Herbert Hoover<br />Warren Harding<br />