Ndg presentation at the rainbow min


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Ndg presentation at the rainbow min

  1. 1. Challenges and opportunities for education Towards building a better future for Guatemala Rainbow Café March 15th 2011
  2. 2. Education is a fundamental human right <ul><li>Article 26 of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Article 13 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ratified by Guatemala on 19 May 1988) </li></ul><ul><li>Article 24 of the Convention of the Rights of the Child </li></ul>
  3. 3. Quality education is central to development <ul><li>The ‘ most powerful weapon, which you can use to change the world’ (N. Mandela) </li></ul><ul><li>It creates a ‘ ripple effect of opportunities ’ (UNICEF) </li></ul><ul><li>A powerful equalizer , which helps lift people out of poverty (World Bank) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why invest in education? <ul><li>Education benefits to: </li></ul><ul><li>The individual : health, nutrition, inequality reduction, productivity and earnings increase </li></ul><ul><li>Society as a whole : it contributes to peace and stability, democratization, economic health, poverty reduction and environmental sustainability. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 1. Numerous challenges
  6. 6. General Challenges (1/2) <ul><li>More than half of the population is below the national poverty line and 15% lives in extreme poverty. </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution of income remains highly unequal : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>wealthiest 10% comprising over 40% of Guatemala's overall consumption and owning nearly 50%of the national wealth, while the poorest 10 % owning less than 1%. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>missing a middle class, political power mostly within an </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>elite group </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. General challenges (2/2) 43% of children under five are chronically malnourished, one of the highest malnutrition rates in the world
  8. 8. Facts and figures on education (1/4) <ul><li>Persistently low literacy rates </li></ul><ul><li>Percentage of literate Guatemalans aged 15–24 lowest in Latin America and the Caribbean during 2001–2005. </li></ul><ul><li>Since 2002, Guatemala managed to increase its literacy rate among 15–24-year-olds to 88 percent in 2006, adult literacy rate 73% (2003-2008) </li></ul><ul><li>But this rate is still the lowest among countries with similar GDP per capita and among lowest in Latin America. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Facts and figures on education (2/4) <ul><li>Gross Enrollment Rate (GER) </li></ul><ul><li>In primary school 95% (2003–2008), but only 72,5 % finish primary school : low score in comparison to Latin America, even lower score if you take in consideration finishing in the established time 39% </li></ul><ul><li>In secondary school 56%: lowest score in whole Latin America and Caribbean. </li></ul><ul><li>26% of the children between 7 and 14 do not attend school. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Facts and figures on education (3/4) <ul><li>Too few children complete primary education </li></ul><ul><li>The rate of children who complete primary education is the second lowest in Latin America , and significantly lower than that found in Honduras and Bolivia, (countries with lower GDP per capita). </li></ul><ul><li>Yet positive results in increasing its aggregated primary completion rates from 1991 to 2006 (from 39 percent to 73 percent). </li></ul>
  11. 11. Facts and figures on education (4/4) <ul><li>Gender, geographic and ethnic disparities persist </li></ul><ul><li>One of the few countries in the region where fewer girls than boys complete primary school. </li></ul><ul><li>Children from the wealthiest 20 % of society are more than twice as likely </li></ul><ul><li>to finish primary school as the poorest 20 % of children. </li></ul><ul><li>Only 42 % of rural children are likely to finish primary school , almost half the rate of urban children. </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous children in both rural and urban areas scored about 17% lower than non-indigenous children in grade 3 and 6 Spanish tests. </li></ul><ul><li>Non indigenous male youth has an average of 5,6 years of school attendance, while indigenous youth only 3,5 years. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Intersecting social disparities – urban, rural, indigenous, ladino gap
  13. 13. State policies: missing financial effort (1/2) <ul><li>Guatemala has among the lowest levels of health and education spending relative to GDP in Latin America and the Caribbean , despite steps taken since the 1996 Peace Agreements to increase social spending. </li></ul><ul><li>The Government spends only 2.6 % of its GDP on education compared to the 4,4% in Latin America. </li></ul><ul><li>Low tax revenue: Guatemala still has one of the lowest tax bases in the region and among the most generous tax exemptions and fiscal incentives for business: tax base of 12% was below the Central American average of 16 % (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>According to the Ministry of Education only 14,5% of public schools count with the basic facilities , such as drinking water, electricity, classrooms in decent conditions, adequate sanitary services and sufficient space. </li></ul>
  14. 14. State policies: missing financial effort (2/2)
  15. 15. State policies: gap between rhetoric and practice <ul><li>The peace agreements (1996) established the compromise to expand the coverage of education, to promote alphabetization, bilingual education and the education of girls. </li></ul><ul><li>The Constitution establishes that primary and basic education is free of charge and mandatory (art.74), education should be multilingual , multiethnic and pluricultural, considering the local community (art. 1, 56 to 58). </li></ul><ul><li>One element is the decentralization of the administration of education and projects of schools which were self governed (PRONADE). </li></ul><ul><li>Mi familia progresa , a Government program, which obliges families to send their children to school bilingual. </li></ul><ul><li>Intercultural education is reduced to bilingualism. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Other influential factors <ul><li>Socio-economic </li></ul><ul><li>Malnutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Ill health </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of access to pre-primary education and secondary education (80% of middle school education is private) </li></ul><ul><li>Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>One of the few Latin American countries with teacher education at secondary school level </li></ul><ul><li>Very complex national teaching plan </li></ul><ul><li>Enormous influence of the teachers’ unions to blockade changes </li></ul><ul><li>Value of education vs. corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Political tool </li></ul>
  17. 17. 2. Niños de Guatemala: an opportunity
  18. 18. Providing a better future for Guatemalan children <ul><li>Creation in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Education through a better future </li></ul><ul><li>Empowering local communities </li></ul><ul><li>Reaching self-sufficiency </li></ul>
  19. 19. Our project: The Primary School Nuestro Futuro (‘Our Future’) in Ciudad Vieja <ul><li>Since January 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>In 2009, the school started with three grades </li></ul><ul><li>Each year, a new grade is added so that by 2014 the school will be completed </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Nuestro Futuro, our primary school in Ciudad Vieja </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>We target the most underprivileged children , who would not have such an opportunity otherwise. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of our students are the first ones of their families to achieve literacy. </li></ul><ul><li>138 students to date. </li></ul>Our students
  22. 22. Our students
  23. 23. The curriculum <ul><li>In the morning: government-approved program. </li></ul><ul><li>In the afternoon: remedial teaching, arts, crafts and sports. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Involving and empowering local communities <ul><li>An experienced local staff runs and teaches at Nuestro Futuro </li></ul><ul><li>Parents are involved as much as it is possible </li></ul><ul><li>We are working on setting up a community center </li></ul>
  25. 25. 3. Everyone can do something!
  26. 26. How to help? <ul><li>Become a volunteer at Nuestro Futuro </li></ul><ul><li>Become a padrino and sponsor the education of a child </li></ul><ul><li>Leave us a donation </li></ul>
  27. 27. The Padrino Program <ul><li>By donating 35 Euros or US $50 a month , you will sponsor a specific child’s and his/her education . </li></ul><ul><li>Your donation will cover: </li></ul><ul><li>Daily snack at the school </li></ul><ul><li>School supplies and books </li></ul><ul><li>Uniforms once a year </li></ul><ul><li>A percentage of the teacher’s wage </li></ul><ul><li>A percentage of the school maintenance </li></ul>
  28. 29. See first-hand NDG’s Work in the Primary School Nuestro Futuro: The Experience Guatemala Tour <ul><li>Visit two typical local businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Walk through the fields where most of the families work and through the neighborhood where Nuestro Futuro’s students live . </li></ul><ul><li>Visit Nuestro Futuro and taste a ‘ comida tipica’ prepared by the children’s mothers. </li></ul>
  29. 30. Our tour in Ciudad Vieja
  30. 31. For more information visit www.ninosdeguatemala.org Thank you for your attention and support!