Unit 8 adverbs

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Unit 8 adverbs

  1. 1. Adverbs <ul><li>Adverbs are words that modify verbs : </li></ul><ul><li>Mary sang loudly . </li></ul><ul><li>Bill ate quickly . </li></ul><ul><li>The kids are playing nicely . </li></ul><ul><li>John studies efficiently . </li></ul><ul><li>Test for identifying adverbs </li></ul><ul><li>Mary sings __________ . </li></ul><ul><li>OR (more generally): </li></ul><ul><li>Non-linking verb ____________ . </li></ul>
  2. 2. Adverbs <ul><li>Adverbs are words that modify other adverbs : </li></ul><ul><li>Mary sang extremely loudly . </li></ul><ul><li>Bill ate very quickly . </li></ul><ul><li>The kids are playing so nicely . </li></ul><ul><li>John studies quite efficiently . </li></ul><ul><li>Test for identifying adverbs </li></ul><ul><li>Mary sings __________ loudly . </li></ul><ul><li>OR (more generally): </li></ul><ul><li>verb ____________ adverb . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Adverbs <ul><li>Adverbs are words that modify adjectives : </li></ul><ul><li>Mary seems very nice . </li></ul><ul><li>This computer is extremely fast . </li></ul><ul><li>Your shirt looks really cool . </li></ul><ul><li>The assignment was rather difficult . </li></ul><ul><li>Test for identifying adverbs </li></ul><ul><li>Mary is __________ happy . </li></ul><ul><li>OR (more generally): </li></ul><ul><li>linking verb ____________ adjective . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Adverbs <ul><li>Adverbs are words that give information about time or place , but which are NOT PPs : </li></ul><ul><li>I promise to do it tomorrow . </li></ul><ul><li>He’s been there since yesterday . </li></ul><ul><li>Do you believe me now ? </li></ul><ul><li>Mary was here all day today . </li></ul><ul><li>Test for identifying adverbs </li></ul><ul><li>I gave/will give/am giving my speech _______ . </li></ul>
  5. 5. Adverbs – Summary <ul><li>Adverbs modify verbs (laugh loudly ) </li></ul><ul><li>Adverbs modify adverbs ( very loudly) </li></ul><ul><li>Adverbs modify adjectives ( so hungry) </li></ul><ul><li>Adverbs give information about time or place ( now ; here ) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Homework <ul><li>Read and do all the exercises in lesson 27 in the book </li></ul>
  7. 7. Are the underlined words adjectives or adverbs? If an adverb, indicate what kind of adverb it is. <ul><li>John went outside to water the plants. </li></ul><ul><li>Her silly boy often eats upstairs . </li></ul><ul><li>She is so optimistic – She’s simply always joyful . </li></ul><ul><li>They work in the office daily . </li></ul><ul><li>We never want to see you here . </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes it rains in the desert. </li></ul><ul><li>Mary is clearly clever . </li></ul><ul><li>The most costly ring was sold yesterday . </li></ul><ul><li>There must be food somewhere . </li></ul><ul><li>John seldom exercises thoroughly . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Identify the part of speech of every word in the sentences below: <ul><li>1. We completed the project yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The ceremony proceeded beautifully. </li></ul><ul><li>3. I noticed that you left hurriedly. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Their parachutes slowly drifted earthward. </li></ul><ul><li>5. He’s very kind when he speaks. </li></ul><ul><li>6. The meeting went rather well so we jointly decided to extend it. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Identify the part of speech of every word in the sentences below: <ul><li>7. I believe that John went out. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Yesterday Betty received tremendously important news about her application. </li></ul><ul><li>9. He tried to speak clearly during his presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>10. You need to describe your findings fairly and accurately. </li></ul><ul><li>11. Tomorrow we’ll take a leisurely boat ride. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Make up sentences <ul><li>N – V – D – Adj. – N </li></ul><ul><li>1. John ate the red apple . </li></ul><ul><li>2. Sam saw his good friend . </li></ul><ul><li>3. Bill believed the strange guy . </li></ul><ul><li>D – N – V – P – D – N – Adv. </li></ul><ul><li>1. The man ate at his house yesterday . </li></ul><ul><li>2. Her child reads to his sister often . </li></ul><ul><li>3. Most birds live in the forest happily . </li></ul>

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