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THE EFFECT OF EXTRACURICULLAR ACTIVITIES
Basically, teaching and learning is a process of educational interaction
between teachers and students. The purpose of the educational interaction involves
three aspects, namely cognitive, affective and psychomotor. To achieve both
objectives, Required maximum role of a teacher, both in the transmitter of the
material, the use of methods, classroom management, and so on. In addition, teachers
are expected to be more creative to support learning activities in the classroom one of
the activities in question are supporting extracurricular activities.
Extracurricular activities is "activities conducted outside of school hours".
Extracurricular activities can be done in school or out of school depending on the
needs and suitability of extracurricular activities. Specifically for English subjects,
extracurricular activities are often carried out school and outside the school
extracurricular English language debate. Like the English language outside of school
hours and school environment, to be more fluent in pronunciation.
From the brief description above that the extracurricular activity is an activity
that can support students' learning activities, including activities that can support
student learning activities in class. Conjecture is evident from the pre-survey that
researchers do in SMAN AA Putussibau. Of the pre-survey, researchers found that
the majority of students often take part in student council, English debate, language
labs, and so also actively participate in learning activities in the classroom.
1.2 Problem Formulation
Based on the description above and the pre-survey, then the problem can be
formulated in the above study as follows:
1. How do extracurricular activities students English debate on subjects of class X
English in SMAN AA Putussibau?
2. How Class X student learning activities in the subjects English in SMAN AA
3. Whether a significant difference between the English languages debate
extracurricular activities for students of class X activity in subjects of English in
SMAN AA Putussibau?
1.3 Limitation Problems
Because limitation in terms of time, opportunity and my abilities, then this
research only discusses the influence and relationship between extracurricular
activities with class X student achievement in SMAN AA Putussibau.
1.4 Identify the Problem
Referring to the background above, the problem can be identified several
issues related to the background of the above:
1. Is there any impact on student learning achievement on the subjects of English?
2. Is there a relationship between activity extracurricular English debates on
1.5 Research Objectives and Purpose
1.5.1 Research Objectives
The main objective of this study was to find the influence of the English
language debate extracurricular activities for students of class X activity in subjects
English in SMAN AA Putussibau. However, the specific objectives of this study
aimed to obtain information and clarity about:
1. Extracurricular activities students English debate on subjects of class X English
in SMAN AA Putussibau.
2. Class X student learning activities in English subjects in SMAN AA
3. Significant relationship between the activities of the students of class X activity
on subject is English in SMAN AA Putussibau.
1.5.2 Usability Research
The benefits of this research can be summarized researcher deep on 2 parts:
22.214.171.124 Practical Benefits
A. Contribute ideas for the development of science education, especially in
respect to the things that affect a child's learning success.
B. The results can be used as a conceptual contribution in the context of refining
the concept and implementation of educational practices as a strategic effort in
developing human resources.
126.96.36.199 Theoretical Benefits
Practically, the results of this study are expected to benefit the English teacher
as well as an evaluation of material inputs in improving the extracurricular activities
that can positively affect the students' learning activities in the classroom.
FRAMEWORK THEORY AND THINK
2.1 Theory Framework
2.1.1 Extracurricular Activities
A. Understanding extracurricular English language debate
Extracurricular activities are activities performed for girls and boys school or
university, outside the hours of study a standard curriculum. These activities exist at
all levels of education from primary school to university. Extracurricular activities are
intended to allow students to develop the personality, talents, and abilities in areas
The understanding of the English language debate is "a conscious effort to
prepare students to speak, understand, appreciate and practice through counseling,
teaching, practice with regard for the rules to be aware that the English language is
one of the languages used in the world" and aims to develop communication skills in
speaking English orally, arguing skills in English.
Based on the above understanding, it can be concluded that the English debate
extracurricular activities are additional activities that are conducted outside of regular
extra hours in order for these additional activities can help students understand
B. Principles of extracurricular programs
With reference to the intent and purpose of extracurricular activities at school,
it can be argued the principles of extracurricular activities. Principle extracurricular
activities are as follows:
1. All students, teachers and school administration personnel should be
participate in efforts to improve the program.
2. Cooperation in the team is fundamental.
3. Actions should be limited to participation.
4. The process is more important than the outcome.
5. Program should take into account the special needs school.
2.1.2 Student Activity
A. Definition of Student Activities
Learning activity is an activity undertaken to produce changes in knowledge-
knowledge, values, attitudes, and skills of the students as an exercise carried out
B. Student Activity Type
Based on knowledge of the principles set out above, it is expected that
teachers can develop activities for students. On the types of activities in question can
be classified into:
1) Visual Activities, i.e. all activities associated with the activities of the
student to see, gaze, and attention.
2) Oral Activities, i.e. activities related to the students ability to speak and
3) Listening Activities, i.e. activities related to the students ability to
concentrate on listening to lessons.
4) Motor Activities, i.e. all the physical skills of students to express their
2.2 Framework for Thinking
Based on the picture above it will be known whether there are effects caused
extracurricular activities subject English (variable x), the learning activities of
students in English language subjects (variable y). Then with the known effect
allowing easy for teachers to prepare a work plan related to the extracurricular
2.3 Relevant Research
Before conducting the study, researchers have traced some of the results of
previous studies that have relevance to the study the researchers did this. Some
examples of past research title does have relevance in terms of the problem is finding
out about the relationship and influences but different objects and targets. Therefore,
researchers choose the problem of "The Effect of Extracurricular Activities" on the
learning activities of students of SMAN AA Putussibau.
2.4 Research Hypothesis
According Arikunto defines hypothesis as a temporary answer to the problem
character proven through research to the data to be collected. Based on the above, the
opinion will be formulated by researchers that there are significant debates English
extracurricular activities for students of class X activity in subjects of English.
3.1 Target, Time and Location Research
Were targeted in this study were class X students of SMAN AA Putussibau,
reason chose class X SMAN AA Putussibau due to its location and the circumstances
in which the researcher felt the need to do this research.
3.2 Research Methodology
To finding the influence of extracurricular activities for English debate class
students learning activities. On the subjects of English in SMAN AA Putussibau, the
basic elements that must be found in accordance with the grain of the problem
formulation, objectives and benefits of the study, we used quantitative research with
determinative approach is to look for the influence caused by the extracurricular
activities of the English language debate English subjects of class X students of
SMAN AA Putussibau.
3.3 Population and Sampling Techniques.
Population is the whole subject as a source of data that have certain
characteristics in a study. Characteristics in this study are: (a) grade 1A, 1B 1C, and
1D, (b) not a transfer student, and (c) no students to the next grade. Based on the
characteristics of the population in this study were men.
Distribution of Class X
At SMAN AA Putussibau
NO CLASS STUDENTS
1 1A 42
2 1B 41
3 1C 42
4 1D 41
To determine the number of samples, researchers will use the "Nomogran
Hari King" with an error rate of 5%. Under these provisions, the sample obtained by
44 (0.35 x 126 = 44.1 rounded to 44). To determine the sample in each class each
researchers use the more complete calculation of the percentage that can be seen in
the following table:
NO CLASS STUDENTS SAMPLE
1 1A 42 11
2 1B 41 11
3 1C 42 11
4 1D 41 11
TOTAL 126 44
Description: Sample obtained from 44:4 (Number of classes) = 11
Researcher sampling technique that will be used in this study is the mean
probability sampling is "a technique that provides equal opportunities for every
member of the population to the elements or selected into the sample". Furthermore,
to the determination of sample used was systematic random sampling technique. The
reason is because the researchers know the name or identification of the individual
units of the population through the attendance list of students in each of the class.
3.4 Data Collection Techniques
To get the data associated with extracurricular activities on English subjects,
the researchers will use techniques such as direct observation which falls
spaciousness. Because with this kind of data collection instruments researcher sense
data to be collected more accurately when we observe for yourself what is going to
happen in the field.
3.5 Analysis Engineering Data
Data analysis techniques will be used to address problems 1 and 3 is the
percentage analysis by the formula:
Me: Mean (average)
Epsilon (read: number)
Regarding the types of extracurricular activities and the types of activities
students will be analyzed by describing in sentences. As for the influence of the
English Extracurricular Activities Student Activities Class X in Subjects English in
SMAN AA Putussibau will uses regression formula.
3.6 Hypothesis Statistics
Based on the description of the research report that research do at SMAN AA
Putussibau debate about the influence of the English language extracurricular
activities to students' learning activities. And the resulting effect is very significant.
Arikunto, Suharsimi, Manajemen Penelitian. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 1995
Sugiyono, Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D, Cet 3. Bandung :
B. Suryosubroto, Proses Belajar Mengajar Di Sekolah : Wawasan baru, Beberapa
metode pendukung dan Beberapa komponen layanan Khusus, Cet 1. Jakarta : Rineka
Cipta, 1997, AKTIVITAS BELAJAR SISWA KELAS X PADA MATA
PELAJARAN BAHASA INGGRIS DI SMA Y KOTA TEBING TINGGI