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Research proposal


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Research proposal

  2. 2. Internship  Sharjah Women’s College is a big institute in the United Arab Emirates that composed of about two thousands female students who are between17 to 25 years old. Students in SWC come from Sharjah as well as the north of Emirates. This college has different departments and each one provides more than four programs.
  3. 3. Needs Analysis  After interview people in my internship and observing students. I came up with an innovation idea that compatible with internship. This ideas is flipped classroom and the use of mobile learning.
  4. 4. What is flipped classroom  Flipped classroom is a approach where teachers shift the inverting traditional methods of teaching to engage students in the learning process. This can be through the use of technology by moving lectures out the classroom and delivering online. In order to free up and allot class time for interaction and collaborative activities which assimilate students knowledge through the following learning style, problem-solving, discussion and debates.
  5. 5. CMS Support  Moodle knows as one of Learning management systems and in my position I would use it for significant reasons. First reason is that one of Moodle property is the ability to be install in all different brands of platforms whether computers or mobile learning. This facilitates accessibility of students to the materials and activities in Moodle anywhere and anytime. As a result, students performance will increase because they can practice a lot. Another particular reason is Moodle has more than one feature that support the flipped classroom purpose. These features are  Developing Lessons  Designing discussion boards, assessment and quiz with specific rubric,  Embedding videos (edutainment)   Embedding social media networking accounts   Short Movies, storytelling, (Twitter, Instagram, Facebook) Adding resources (video, file, book)
  6. 6. Example  Discussion board in Moodle  Discussing a topic where students should search to find the needed information  Reading to understand the topic  Thinking and analysising the results  writing an essay or creating mind map to explain their understanding  comparing between their posts of their colleagues  Teachers evaluate students’ work based on the discussion board rubric
  7. 7. Layout   Learning Development
  8. 8. Objective The use of flipped classroom by teachers impact positively in students learning which means their English will improve because students engage more and they become active learners in the learning process. Due to the use of desirable tools such as video and social media networking.
  9. 9. Research Methods  Research methodology  Correlation study and reflective study  Why?  I am going to have several statements from a group of subjects.  The two statements are students use reading article in Moodle discussion board in system of flipped classroom and another group who is watching video in Moodle discussion board in the same system.  The variables in this study are students’ age, gender, language, Emirate and English language band  The correlation study allowed us to test our hypothesis and defined whether the association
  10. 10.     As I am going to use survey as a main data collection tool in my dissertation, then the correlation study would be the best study for this type of methods. As a Doctor Janet has explained the data collection with correlation study article in the following sentence, “You may collect your data through testing (e.g. scores on a knowledge test (an exam or math test, etc.), or psychological tests, numerical responses on surveys & questionnaires, etc.” I would use reflective practice method because we will have the ability to observe students during class time. This method might be difficult with flipped classroom because as a part of this teaching method students should do some active learning process outside class where I would not be able to observe them. In contrast, there is an ability to argue on students’ behaviors through reading and tracking their posts and activities. In fact, this way will take long time and effort for me as a teacher-student.
  11. 11. Measurement and Data Collection  Survey  Why?  it is cheap and easy to be administrate compared to other methods like face to face interview, telephone interview, electronic mailing, focus group and videos.  Each student receives the same questions and instructions in the same format, so that the possibility of response bias is lessened  it preserves the confidentiality in contrast to the other methods because if there are any private questions, the participants prefer to write answers rather than saying them.  there is no influence by using this questionnaire for interviews.
  12. 12.  Observation  Why? The first reason has been explained on (Barbara, 2005) in the following sentence, “Participant observation can be used to help answer descriptive research questions, to build theory, or to generate or test hypotheses”. This method will help us as participant observers to develop holistic understanding. By watching students’ expression of nonverbal feelings, finding out the interaction process between them. As well as defining the communication approaches between teacher-students and student-student.
  13. 13. Ethics  With this research, I would follow ACA code of ethics (American Counseling Association).  Privacy and confidentiality  Questionnaire is not asked students to write their names  questionnaire will be stored in online database where no one can access to it until completing the whole project and after that we will destroy unneeded materials  all questions will be related to the research and no offending questions are going to be provided
  14. 14.   Permission to conduct our study will be taken from the college manager and Information Technology supervisor. Informed consent paper  To explain observation contents and approaches that we are going to use  all the ways of dealing with images and students information. In order to keep confidentiality between us and to protect students from any harm.  Related to ACA code of ethics, “ Use of data derived from counseling relationships for purposes of training, research, or publication is confined to content that is disguised to ensure the anonymity of the individuals involved.”  Finally, an approval will be taken from Higher
  15. 15. Research Project Result will benefit education in the UAE because it coverts the idea of teaching and learning process in education. In addition, the result of research and the research it self write and investigate by Emirate student.
  16. 16. References:      Bergmann, J., & Sams, A. (2012). Flip your classroom. International Society for Technology in Education. Clifton, S. Integrating Technology in the Classroom. Johnson, G. B. (2013). Student perceptions of the Flipped Classroom. Liu, J. (2013). E-learning in English classroom: Investigating factors impacting on ESL (English as Second Language) college students' acceptance and use of the Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment (Moodle). Shimamoto, D. (2012, April). Implementing a Flipped Classroom: An Instructional Module. TCC Conference.
  17. 17. Data collection         ACA Code of Ethics. (2005). COUNSELING ASSOCIATION AMERICAN. Retrieved from Centre, S. L. (Director). (2013). Confidence Intervals Using Bootstrapping: Statistics Help [Motion Picture]. Retrieved from xXjC1WVw9P&index=2 Diener (2007). Correlational Research. Retrieved from B.Ed. Educational Technology, Sharjah Women’s College A& F2525549%2FVolume_medialib%2FPowerPoint%2FCH07.PPT&ei=0DfKUobxBOGwy AO1xoHIDA&usg=AFQjCNFlbC8GwIPwBiL5AJKAuKBwHV7_kQ&sig2=vXsMo1T9t0qB FShyGyuQQA (n.d.). Chapter 2. In Quantitative,Qualitative,and Mixed Research. Retrieved from Hall, J. (2008). Cross-Sectional Survey Design. Retrieved from SAGE researchmethods: Kawulich, B. B. (2005, May). Participant Observation as a Data Collection Method. Retrieved from FQS: Waters, J. (n.d.). Correlational Research Guidelines. Retrieved from Capilano University: