Article Review

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Article Review

  1. 1. Article Review Name of the Journal Student Attitudes Toward Wed-Enhanced Instruction in an Educational Technology Course Issue Sept 2006 Volume 40, 3 Page No. Pg. 620 Prepared for Dr. Johan Eddy Luaran Prepared by Amira binti Ahmad Mahmud - 2013146821 1. Overview of the study. This article is about a study on investigating students’ attitudes toward Web-enhanced instruction in an educational technology course taught in the College of Education at the United Arab Emirates University. The study emphasized on to incorporate computer-based technology as pedagogical tools. According to the researcher, there are benefits by using internet for instruction, such as convenience, speed of communication, quick and remote access to information, instant feedback, and cost saving. There are advantages that identified by researchers on electronic discussion frame. The students can share their understanding on course content and also feel a greater sense of remoteness. In electronic discussion, opinions and reflection are submitted in written form, so the students can be more effective in writing their own responses. This advancement encourage college faculty to find ways to incorporate technology into the curriculum.
  2. 2. The researchers found gender, age, and prior computer experience as a variable that influence students’ attitude toward computers. It is important to know about the students’ attitude because it influence over the future use of web-launched instructional material. Some of the studies have concluded that providing useful information appropriate to the course being taught and the positive correlation between instructor’s use of web-based training materials and students’ participation is the important indicator of future web use. According to the author, this study which investigates students’ attitudes toward web-enhanced instruction would provide useful information. It also contributes to world researchers’ efforts in clarifying issues related to adding web components to face-to-face instructions.
  3. 3. 2. Description of the Methodology. The research consist 66 participants of female students enrolled in three sections of an educational technology course at the college of Education, United Arab Emirates University with the same instructor. The students’ age ranged between 19 and 21 years old. The students taken as the respondents are from The Educational Technology course. This course is delivered with the use of Blackboard System. Blackboard is the website template that allows the faculty members to post announcements for their students, publish class materials, posting class calendar, course documents, staff information, assignments, discussing board, online assessments, and posting grades. The purpose of the study is to investigate female students’ attitudes toward web-enhanced instruction in an educational technology course. The study aims is at answering the following research questions: i. What attitudes do female students have toward web-enhanced instructions? ii. Do learning preferences affect students’ attitude toward web-enhanced instruction? iii. Does prior experience with web-enhanced instruction have effect on students’ attitude toward it? iv. What are the advantages of web-enhanced instruction as seen by female students? v. What are the obstacles to web-enhanced instruction as seen by female students?
  4. 4. The instruments used in this study were a researcher modified version of the Web-Based Instruction Scale developed by Sanders and Morrison-Shetlar (2001). The modified version consisted of 20 items. i. Four items were demographic in nature, computer experience or owning a computer, reading preference (screen/paper) and age. ii. Fourteen items used a Likert-type response scaling asking participants to specify the degree of agreement or disagreement with items about their attitude toward web-enhanced instruction. iii. Two items were free-response questions. (1) Advantages they find in a web-enhanced instruction. (2) Obstacles associated with web-enhanced instruction. To establish content validity of the instrument, it was reviewed and modified by experts in the field of educational technology (university instructors). The procedure starts with the first meeting of the course, instructor introduced the female students to Blackboard and make sure that all of them can use it. In the final class meeting at the end of the semester, they are asked to complete the survey. All students completed the questionnaire including the open-ended questions. This study dealt with the following issues: i. Student attitude toward web-enhanced instructions. ii. The effect of learning preference on attitude toward web-enhanced instruction. iii. Effect of previous experience with web-enhanced instruction on attitude. iv. Advantages of web-enhanced instruction a seen by female students. v. Obstacles to web-enhanced instruction as seen by female students. The data collected from the respondents, and the result from questionnaire was used to investigate the student attitudes toward web-enhanced instruction in an educational technology course.
  5. 5. 3. Evaluation of the Study. 1. The author has succeeded in finding factors adequately about the issues in investigating the student attitudes toward web-enhanced instruction in an educational technology course through the research that been conducted. 2. The data collected based on the factors that might influence the student attitudes toward web-enhanced instruction in an educational technology course. The results of this study revealed that female students had positive attitude toward the web instruction component added to the conventional face-to-face classroom. 3. Based on the research conducted, it can be concluded that the web-enhanced instruction is positively viewed by students and it seems to enrich the conventional face-to-face classroom environment. The result of the research shows that the methods of data collection and analysis that been used in this study is reasonable and relevant with the study’s conclusion. 4. The study did no confront with any significant methodological weakness throughout the research is been conducted. 5. The study conducted was done in ethically way where the researcher mentioning the respondents, subjects, and population generally. 6. In my opinion, the methodology used by the researcher is a good approach in collecting data. But, it might be better if the researcher also do some interview session with the respondents in order to get more findings in this study.
  6. 6. 4. Discussion of implications of the study. According to the researcher, the use of the internet has identified a number of benefits in using it for instruction such as convenience, speed of communication, quick and remote access to information, instant feedback, and cost saving. Based on the advancement in technology and internet, the college authorities start to find new ways to incorporate technology into the curriculum. According to the issue, the researchers were driven to assess students’ overall attitudes toward computers. This is important because student attitudes towards computer influence the future use computers in instruction. The methodology used in collecting data is a good approach in order to get the research findings. But, in my opinion, the author should do some interview session with the respondents to know more about the factors that might influence the student attitudes toward the web-enhanced instruction in an educational technology course. Furthermore, the author also can see directly the response of the respondent and the condition at the new learning environment. By the interview session, the results of the research may be more accurate. This article clearly shows that the use of web-based resource is educationally beneficial for students. The author had briefly explained the factors that influence the student attitude toward the web-enhanced instruction in an educational technology course plays the important role in future use of computers in instruction. But, to ensure this planning is success in the future, it needs planning professional development programmes that address critical issues, improving the internet access, and provide the proper technical support.

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