Era of Good Feelings
During the Monroe administration, as the
Federalist Party died.
A deceptive name, despite the fact that the
Democratic Republicans were the only party
with any real influence.
Divisions regarding various policies existed
within the party.
End of an Era
The panic of 1819
The issue of slavery
The 1824 election was held among Adams,
Clay, Calhoun, and Jackson.
After Adams was chosen, Jackson accused
him of forming a “corrupt bargain” with Clay.
The Democratic Party
Formed by Andrew
soon after the Corrupt
Bargain of 1824 in
opposition to Adams
States’ and individual
The Whig Party
Established in 1834 by
opponents of Jackson,
Republicans and Anti-
Named after the
opponents of monarchy
during the Revolution
Differences from the First Party System
Region was not indicative of support
Voter turnout increased dramatically to
almost 80% of eligible voters in 1840
Candidates aimed to appear modest
Nominating conventions and platforms
The Second Bank of the United States
The Specie Circular (speculation)
Election of 1840
Martin Van Buren (Democrat)
William Henry Harrison (Whig)
Former portrayed as aristocratic
Latter portrayed as humble
Harrison won, but died after only thirty one
days in office
The Free soil party formed from members of
Many Cotton Whigs joined the Democrats
Decline Facilitated by the Kansas-Nebraska
Act of 1854
The Republican Party became the
Democratic Party’s main competition.
Kennedy, D. M., Cohen, L., & Bailey, T. A. (2010).The american pageant. Boston, MA: Wadsworth.
Holt, M. F. (2002). The Democratic Party. Getting the message out! national political campaign materials, 1840-1860. Retrieved
November 9, 2010, from http://dig.lib.niu.edu/message/about.html
Holt, M. F. (2002). The Whig Party. Getting the message out! national political campaign materials, 1840-1860. Retrieved
November 9, 2010, from http://dig.lib.niu.edu/message/ps-whig.html
Mintz, S. (2010). Emergence of a New Party System. Hypertext history: our online american history textbook . Retrieved
November 9, 2010, from http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=635
Kruszewski, J. (2006). Differences between the first and second american political party systems. Informally published
manuscript, Department of History and Social Behavior, Middlesex County College, Edison, New Jersey. Retrieved from