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  1. 1. Chapter 1 Basic Word Structure
  2. 2. Chapter Goals • Identify basic objectives to guide your study of the medical language. • Divide medical words into their component parts. • Learn the meanings of basic combining forms, prefixes, and suffixes of the medical language. • Use these combining forms, prefixes, and suffixes to build medical words.
  3. 3. Objectives in Studying The Medical Language • Analyze words by dividing them into component parts. • Relate the medical terms to the structure and function of the human body. • Be aware of spelling and pronunciation problems
  4. 4. Word Analysis • HEMAT/O/LOGY
  5. 5. Word Analysis (cont’d) HEMAT/O/LOGY    root  suffix combining vowel hemat means blood -logy means process of study
  6. 6. Word Analysis (cont’d) Important elements:  Root: foundation of the term  Suffix: word ending  Prefix: word beginning  Combining vowel: vowel (usually o) that links the root to the suffix or the root to another root and aids pronunciation  Combining form: combination of the root and the combining vowel
  7. 7. Word Analysis (cont’d ELECTR/O/CARDI/O/GRAM  root      root  suffix combining vowels electr means electricity cardi means heart -gram means record
  8. 8. Word Analysis (cont’d) THREE General Rules: 1. Read the meaning of medical terms from the suffix back to the beginning of the term and across 2. Drop the combining vowel (usually o) before a suffix beginning with a vowel: gastritis not “gastroitis” 3. Keep the combining vowel between two roots: gastroenterology not “gastrenterology”
  9. 9. All information taken from The Language Of Medicine th 10 edition Davi-Ellen Chabner