Chapter 9 Medical Terminology

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Chapter 9 Medical Terminology

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Chapter 9 Medical Terminology

  1. 1. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 1 The Language OfThe Language Of MedicineMedicine 1010thth editionedition Davi-Ellen ChabnerDavi-Ellen Chabner
  2. 2. Chapter 9 Male Reproductive System Copyright © 2014, 2011, 20057by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 2
  3. 3. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 3 Chapter Goals • Name, locate, and describe the functions of the organs of the male reproductive system. • Define abnormal conditions and infections that affect the male reproductive system. • Differentiate among several types of sexually transmitted infections.
  4. 4. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 4 Chapter Goals (cont’d) • Define combining forms used to describe the structures of this system. • Describe various laboratory tests and clinical procedures that are pertinent to the disorders of the male reproductive system, and recognize related abbreviations. • Apply your new knowledge to understanding medical terms in their contexts, such as medical reports and records.
  5. 5. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 5 Chapter 9 Lesson 9.1
  6. 6. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 6 Introduction • The male sex cell is called a spermatozoon, or sperm cell. • The sperm cell carries its nuclear hereditary material, or chromosomes, in its head region. • The tail consists of a flagellum, which makes the sperm cell mobile.
  7. 7. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 7 Introduction (cont’d) • Only one spermatozoon out of 300 million sperm cells released during ejaculation can fertilize a single female ovum. • If more than one egg is present in the fallopian tubes during ejaculation, multiple fertilizations are possible.
  8. 8. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 8 Introduction (cont’d) • Twins resulting from the fertilization of separate ova by separate sperm cells are called fraternal twins. • Twins resulting from the fertilization of a single egg by a single sperm are called identical twins. Fraternal twins. Notice the 6-week-old embryos in two separate amnionic sacs..
  9. 9. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 9 Introduction (cont’d) • The organs of the male reproductive system are designed to produce and release billions of sperm cells throughout the man’s lifetime. • The hormone called testosterone is responsible for the bodily characteristics of the male (such as beard, pubic hair, and deeper voice).
  10. 10. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 10 Anatomy
  11. 11. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 11 Anatomy (cont’d)
  12. 12. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 12 Anatomy (cont’d) • Internal structure of the testis and the epididymis
  13. 13. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 13 Anatomy (cont’d) • Label the passage of sperm from the seminiferous tubules to the outside of the body.
  14. 14. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 14 Anatomy (cont’d) • The passage of sperm from the seminiferous tubules to the outside of the body
  15. 15. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 15 Vocabulary • bulbourethral glands • ejaculation • ejaculatory duct
  16. 16. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 16 Vocabulary (cont’d) • bulbourethral glands • ejaculation • ejaculatory duct Pair of exocrine glands near male urethra; Cowper glands Ejection of sperm and fluid from male urethra Tube through which semen enters the male urethra
  17. 17. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 17 Vocabulary (cont’d) • epididymis (pl.: epididymides) • erectile dysfunction • flagellum
  18. 18. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 18 Vocabulary (cont’d) • epididymis (pl.: epididymides) • erectile dysfunction • flagellum One of a pair of long, tightly coiled tubes above each testis that stores and carries sperm to the vas deferens Inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; impotence Hair-like projection on a sperm cell that makes it motile
  19. 19. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 19 Vocabulary (cont’d) • fraternal twins • glans penis • identical twins
  20. 20. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 20 Vocabulary (cont’d) • fraternal twins • glans penis • identical twins Two infants resulting from fertilization of two separate ova by two separate sperm cells Sensitive tip of the penis; comparable to the clitoris in the female Two infants resulting from division of one fertilized egg into two distinct embryos; conjoined (“Siamese”) twins are incompletely separated identical twins
  21. 21. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 21 Vocabulary (cont’d) • interstitial cells of the testes • parenchymal tissue • penis
  22. 22. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 22 Vocabulary (cont’d) • interstitial cells of the testes • parenchymal tissue • penis Specialized cells adjacent to the seminiferous tubules in the testes; produce testosterone; also called Leydig cells Essential distinctive cells of an organ Male external organ of reproduction
  23. 23. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 23 Vocabulary (cont’d) • perineum • prepuce • prostate gland • scrotum
  24. 24. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 24 Vocabulary (cont’d) • perineum • prepuce • prostate gland • scrotum External region between the anus and scrotum in the male Foreskin; fold of skin covering tip of penis Exocrine gland at base of male urinary bladder; secretes fluid part of semen into urethra during ejaculation External sac that contains the testes
  25. 25. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 25 Vocabulary (cont’d) • semen • seminal vesicles • seminiferous tubules
  26. 26. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 26 Vocabulary (cont’d) • semen • seminal vesicles • seminiferous tubules Spermatozoa and seminal fluid discharged from the urethra during ejaculation Paired sac-like exocrine glands that secrete fluid into the vas deferens Narrow, coiled tubules that produce sperm in the testes
  27. 27. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 27 Vocabulary (cont’d) • spermatozoon (pl.: permatozoa) • sterilization • stromal tissue
  28. 28. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 28 Vocabulary (cont’d) • spermatozoon (pl.: permatozoa) • sterilization • stromal tissue Sperm cell Procedure that removes a person’s ability to produce or release reproductive cells through removal of testicles, vasectomy, or oophorectomy Supportive, connective tissue or an organ; stroma
  29. 29. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 29 Vocabulary (cont’d) • testis (plural: testes) • testosteron e • vas deferens
  30. 30. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 30 Vocabulary (cont’d) • testis (plural: testes) • testosteron e • vas deferens Male gonad (testicle) that produces spermatozoa and testosterone Hormone secreted by interstitial tissue of the testes; responsible for male sex characteristics Narrow tube carrying sperm from the epididymis toward the urethra; ductus deferens
  31. 31. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 31 QUICK QUIZ: 1. Which term refers to the skin covering the tip of the penis? A. Stroma B. Vas deferens C. Prepuce D. Seminal vesicle
  32. 32. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 32 Terminology andr/o male balan/o glans penis cry/o cold crypt/o hidden epididym/o epididymis gon/o seed hydr/o water, fluid orch/o, orchi/o, testis, testicle orchid/o Combining FormCombining Form MeaningMeaning
  33. 33. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 33 Terminology (cont’d) pen/o penis prostat/o prostate gland semin/i semen, seed sperm/o spermatozoa, semen terat/o monster test/o testis, testicle varic/o varicose veins vas/o vessel duct zo/o animal life Combining FormCombining Form MeaningMeaning
  34. 34. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 34 Terminology (cont’d) SUFFIXES • -genesis formation • -one hormone • -pexy fixation, put in place • -stomy new opening SuffixSuffix MeaningMeaning
  35. 35. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 35 Chapter 9 Lesson 9.2
  36. 36. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 36 Pathologic Conditions
  37. 37. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 37 Pathologic Conditions (cont’d)
  38. 38. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 38 Pathologic Conditions (cont’d) Hypospadias • Surgical repair involves exciding a portion of the prepuce, wrapping it around a catheter, suturing it to the distal part of the urethra, bringing it to the end of the penis
  39. 39. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 39 Sexually Transmitted Diseases STDs Chlamydia Gonorrhea Herpes genitalis Human papilloma virus (HPV) Syphilis
  40. 40. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 40 Laboratory Tests and Clinical Procedures • Laboratory tests PSA test Semen analysis
  41. 41. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 41 QUICK QUIZ: 2. What does the PSA test for? A. Levels of infection B. Sperm mobility C. Sperm motility D. Levels of an antigen
  42. 42. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 42 Laboratory Tests and Clinical Procedures Clinical procedures Transurethral resection of the prostate— TURP
  43. 43. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 43 Laboratory Tests and Clinical Procedures (cont’d) Clinical procedures Vasectomy
  44. 44. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 44 QUICK QUIZ: 3. Which term means removal of the prostate? A. Orchiectomy B. Prostatectomy C. Vasectomy D. Prostatitis
  45. 45. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 45 Abbreviations BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia DRE digital rectal examination ED erectile dysfunction GU genitourinary HPV human papilloma virus HSV herpes simplex virus PID pelvic inflammatory disease PIN prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia PSA prostate-specific antigen
  46. 46. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 46 Abbreviations (cont’d) RPR rapid plasma reagin STI sexually transmitted diseases TRUS transrectal ultrasound TUIP transurethral incision of the prostate TUMT transurethral microwave thermotherapy TUNA transurethral needle ablation TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
  47. 47. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 47 Review Sheet andr/o __________ balan/o __________ cry/o __________ crypt/o __________ epididym/o __________ gon/o __________ hydr/o __________ orch/o, orchi/o __________ Combining FormCombining Form MeaningMeaning
  48. 48. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 48 Review Sheet (cont’d) andr/o male balan/o glans penis cry/o cold crypt/o hidden epididym/o epididymis gon/o seed hydr/o water, fluid orch/o, orchi/o testis, testicle Combining FormCombining Form MeaningMeaning
  49. 49. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 49 Review Sheet (cont’d) pen/o ___________ prostat/o __________ semin/i __________ sperm/o __________ terat/o __________ test/o __________ varic/o __________ vas/o __________ zo/o __________ Combining FormCombining Form MeaningMeaning
  50. 50. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 50 Review Sheet (cont’d) pen/o penis prostat/o prostate gland semin/i semen, seed sperm/o spermatozoa, semen terat/o monster test/o testis, testicle varic/o varicose veins vas/o vessel duct zo/o animal life Combining FormCombining Form MeaningMeaning
  51. 51. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 51 Review Sheet (cont’d) SUFFIXES • -genesis __________ • -one __________ • -pexy __________ • -stomy __________ SuffixSuffix MeaningMeaning
  52. 52. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 52 Review Sheet (cont’d) SUFFIXES • -genesis formation • -one hormone • -pexy fixation, put in place • -stomy new opening SuffixSuffix MeaningMeaning
  53. 53. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 53 QUICK QUIZ: 4. Which term means “no sperm or semen are produced”? A. Aspermia B. Oligospermia C. Anorchism D. Spermolytic

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