The Language Of
Medicine
10 edition
th

Davi-Ellen Chabner
Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevie...
Chapter 2
Terms Pertaining to the Body as
a Whole

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

...
Chapter Goals
• Define terms that apply to the structural
organization of the body.
• Identify the body cavities and recog...
Chapter Goals (cont’d)
• Become acquainted with terms that describe
positions, directions, and planes of the body.
• Ident...
Chapter 2
Lesson 2.1

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

5
Structural Organization of the Body

• CELLS
• TISSUES
• ORGANS
• SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an im...
Structural Organization of the Body
Cells—The fundamental
unit of all living things
• Major parts of a cell
include:
•
•
•...
Structural Organization of the Body
• CELL—The fundamental unit of all living things

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saun...
Study Section 1
•
•
•
•
•
•

Anabolism
Catabolism
Cell membrane
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
DNA

•
•
•
•
•
•

Endoplasmic reticu...
Structural Organization of the Body
• Cells are specialized to
carry out individual
functions.
• Identify the following in...
Structural Organization of the Body
(cont’d)
Types of cells

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsev...
Structural Organization of the Body
(cont’d)
Tissues
• Different tissue types include:
 Epithelial tissue
 Muscle tissue...
Structural Organization of the Body
(cont’d)
• Organs: Different types of tissue combine to
form an organ
• Systems: Group...
Study Section 2
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Adipose tissue
Cartilage
Epithelial cells
Histologist
Larynx
Pharynx
Pituitary gland

•
•
•...
Body Cavities and Organs
Cavity

Organ(s)

Cranial

Brain

Thoracic

Lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea,
bronchial tubes, th...
Body Cavities
• Label the body cavities
in the figure

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier In...
Body Cavities (cont’d)
• Body cavities are the
spaces within the body
that contain internal
organs (viscera).

Copyright ©...
QUICK QUIZ:
1. Which body cavity contains the pleural cavity
and the mediastinum?

A. Cranial
B. Pelvic
C. Spinal
D. Thora...
QUICK QUIZ: (cont’d)
2. Which body cavity contains the peritoneum?

A. Abdominal
B. Pelvic
C. Spinal
D. Thoracic

Copyrigh...
Organs of the
Abdominopelvic and Thoracic Cavities

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.
...
Organs of the Abdominopelvic
and Thoracic Cavities (cont’d)

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsev...
Study Section 3
• Abdominal cavity

• Peritoneum

• Cranial cavity

• Pleura

• Diaphragm

• Pleural cavity

• Dorsal (pos...
Abdominopelvic Regions and
Quadrants
Regions
 Right hypochondriac region
 Left hypochondriac region
 Epigastric region
...
Abdominopelvic Regions (cont’d)

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

24
Abdominopelvic Regions (cont’d)

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

25
Abdominopelvic Regions and
Quadrants
• Quadrants
 Right upper quadrant (RUQ)
 Left upper quadrant (LUQ)
 Right lower qu...
Abdominopelvic Quadrants

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

27
Abdominopelvic Quadrants (cont’d)

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

28
Chapter 2
Lesson 2.2

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

29
Anatomical Divisions of the Back
•
•
•
•
•

Cervical
Thoracic
Lumbar
Sacral
Coccygeal

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Sau...
Anatomical Divisions of the Back (cont’d)

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

31
Anatomical Divisions of the Back
(cont’d)

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

32
Study Section 4
• Abdominopelvic
Regions:
Hypochondriac
Epigastric
Lumbar
Umbilical
Inguinal
Hypogastric

• Abdominopelvic...
Study Section 4 (cont’d)

• Divisions of the Back:
Cervical
Thoracic
Lumbar
Sacral
Coccygeal

• Related Terms:
Vertebra
Ve...
QUICK QUIZ:

3. Name the abdominopelvic region that is
located in the central region near the
navel.

A. Inguinal
B. Umbil...
QUICK QUIZ:
(cont’d)
4. Name the abdominopelvic region that is
located in the lower middle below the
umbilical region.

A....
Positions, Directions, and Planes
of the Body
•Positional and Directional Terms
 Anterior (ventral)
 Posterior (dorsal)
...
Positional and Directional Terms

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

38
Positional and Directional Terms
(cont’d)

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

39
Positions, Directions, and
Planes of the Body (cont’d)

• Planes of the Body
 Frontal (coronal)
 Sagittal (lateral)
 Tr...
Positional and Directional Terms

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

41
Positional and Directional Terms (cont’d)

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

42
Study Section 5
• Anterior (ventral)
• Deep
• Distal
• Frontal (coronal) plane
• Inferior (caudal)
• Lateral
• Medial

• P...
Combining Forms, Suffixes,
and Prefixes
Combining Form

Meaning

abdomin/o

__________

adip/o

__________

anter/o
bol/o
...
Combining Forms, Suffixes, and
Prefixes
Combining Form

Meaning

abdomin/o

abdomen

adip/o

fat

anter/o
bol/o

front
to ...
Combining Forms, Suffixes,
and Prefixes (cont’d)
Combining Form

Meaning

cervic/o

__________

chondr/o

__________

chro...
Combining Forms, Suffixes,
and Prefixes (cont’d)
Combining Form

Meaning

cervic/o

neck (of the body or uterus)

chondr/o...
Combining Forms, Suffixes,
and Prefixes (cont’d)
Combining Form

Meaning

crani/o

__________

cyt/o

__________

dist/o

...
Combining Forms, Suffixes,
and Prefixes (cont’d)
Combining Form

Meaning

crani/o

skull

cyt/o

cell

dist/o

far, distan...
Combining Forms, Suffixes
and Prefixes (cont’d)
Combining Form

Meaning

hist/o, histi/o

__________

ili/o

__________

i...
Combining Forms, Suffixes
and Prefixes (cont’d)
Combining Form

Meaning

hist/o, histi/o

tissue

ili/o

ilium (of the pel...
Combining Forms, Suffixes,
and Prefixes (cont’d)
Combining Form

Meaning

later/o

__________

lumb/o

__________

medi/o
...
Combining Forms, Suffixes,
and Prefixes (cont’d)
Combining Form

Meaning

later/o

side

lumb/o

lower back

medi/o

middl...
Combining Forms, Suffixes,
and Prefixes (cont’d)
Combining Form

pelv/i

Meaning

__________

poster/o

__________

proxim...
Combining Forms, Suffixes,
and Prefixes (cont’d)
Combining Form

pelv/i

Meaning

pelvis

poster/o

back, behind

proxim/o...
Combining Forms, Suffixes,
and Prefixes (cont’d)
Combining Form

Meaning

sarc/o

__________

spin/o

__________

thel/o, ...
Combining Forms, Suffixes,
and Prefixes (cont’d)
Combining Form

Meaning

sarc/o

flesh

spin/o

spine, backbone

thel/o, ...
Combining Forms, Suffixes,
and Prefixes (cont’d)
Combining Form

Meaning

umbilic/o

__________

ventr/o

__________

vert...
Combining Forms, Suffixes,
and Prefixes (cont’d)
Combining Form

Meaning

umbilic/o

navel, umbilicus

ventr/o

belly side...
Combining Forms, Suffixes,
and Prefixes (cont’d)
Combining Form

Meaning

cata-

__________

epi-

__________

ana-

_____...
Combining Forms, Suffixes,
and Prefixes (cont’d)
Combining Form

Meaning

cata-

down

epi-

above

ana-

up

hypo-

below...
Combining Forms, Suffixes,
and Prefixes (cont’d)
Suffix

Meaning

-eal
-iac
-ior
-ism
-ose
-plasm
-somes
-type

__________...
Combining Forms, Suffixes,
and Prefixes (cont’d)
Suffix

Meaning

-eal
-iac
-ior
-ism
-ose
-plasm
-somes
-type

pertaining...
QUICK QUIZ:

5. Which term means process of cutting the
skull?

A. Thoracotomy
B. Craniotomy
C. Diskectomy
D. Arthroscopy
...
Pronunciation
Guide Review
•
•
•
•
•

ā as in āpe
ē as in ēven
ī as in īce
ō as in ōpen
ū as in ūnit

•
•
•
•
•

ă as in ă...
Pronunciation
Examples:
adipose
caudal
distal
trachea

ĂD-ĭ-pōs
KĂW- dăl
DĬS-tăl
TRĀ-kē-ă

Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Medtermch2KAI

602 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
602
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • What is karyotyping and when is it used? (Chromosomes are analyzed to determine if they are normal in number and structure. Obstetricians often recommend an amniocentesis for a pregnant woman.)
    Have students identify parts of the cell. Answers appear on the following slide.
    What is cytoplasm? (It includes all material outside the nucleus.)
    What are mitochondria? (Small, sausage-shaped bodies that produce energy by burning food)
  • What is karyotyping and when is it used? (Chromosomes are analyzed to determine if they are normal in number and structure. Obstetricians often recommend an amniocentesis for a pregnant woman.)
    What is cytoplasm? (It includes all material outside the nucleus.)
    What are mitochondria? (Small, sausage-shaped bodies that produce energy by burning food)
  • What is the term for a scientist who specializes in the study of tissue? (Histologist)
    Which tissue conducts impulses all over the body? (Nerve)
    Examples of what type of tissue include fat and cartilage? (Connective)
    What tissue forms the linings of internal organs and the outer surface of the skin? (Epithelial)
  • What defines a system? (Group of organs working together to perform complex functions)
    Name the system in which these organs are found:
    Thyroid gland and pituitary gland (endocrine)
    Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder urethra (urinary or excretory)
    Skin, hair, nails, sweat glands (skin and sense organs)
  • Name the cavity in which these organs are found:
    Nerves of the spinal cord (spinal)
    Stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, pancreas, liver (abdominal)
    Brain (cranial)
    Lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes (thoracic)
    Portions of the small and large intestines, rectum, urinary bladder, urethra (pelvic)
  • Which cavities are dorsal and which are ventral? (Cranial and spinal are dorsal; thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic are ventral.)
  • The correct answer is D: the thoracic cavity contains the pleural cavity and the mediastinum.
  • The correct answer is A: the abdominal cavity contains the peritoneum.
  • Have students verbally label the regions of the abdominopelvic cavity.
  • Discuss the organs in each quadrant.
  • Have students identify the quadrants of the abdominopelvic cavity.
  • Where is the appendix located?
    In which quadrant does the liver lie?
  • What is cervical? (The neck region)
    What is thoracic? (The chest region)
    What is lumbar? (Waist or flank region)
    What is sacral? (Five bones are fused to form the sacrum.)
    What is coccygeal? (The tailbone is composed of four fused pieces.)
  • Fill in the blanks. (1. Cervical; 2. Thoracic; 3. Lumbar; 4. Sacral; 5. Coccygeal or tailbone)
    What is a disk? (A small pad of cartilage between the vertebrae)
  • What is a disk? (A small pad of cartilage between the vertebrae)
  • The correct answer is B: umbilical.
  • The correct answer is D: hypogastric.
  • Match the definition to one of these terms:
    The front side of the body (anterior)
    The back side of the body (posterior)
    Away from the surface (deep)
    On the surface (superficial)
    Near the point of attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of a structure (proximal)
    Far from the point of attachment to the trunk or far from the beginning of a structure (distal)
    Below another structure (inferior)
    above another structure (superior)
  • How could the following conditions be identified?
    A bruise on the forehead (anterior; superficial)
    A cramp in the left ovary (lateral; deep)
    A callus on the ball of the foot (inferior)
  • How could the following conditions be identified?
    A bruise on the forehead (anterior; superficial)
    A cramp in the left ovary (lateral; deep)
    A callus on the ball of the foot (inferior)
  • A plane running across the body parallel to the ground (transverse)
    A vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions (frontal)
    A lengthwise vertical plane dividing the body into right and left sides (sagittal)
  • How could the following conditions be identified?
    A bruise on the forehead (anterior; superficial)
    A cramp in the left ovary (lateral; deep)
    A callus on the ball of the foot (inferior)
  • How could the following conditions be identified?
    A bruise on the forehead (anterior; superficial)
    A cramp in the left ovary (lateral; deep)
    A callus on the ball of the foot (inferior)
  • The correct answer is B: craniotomy.
  • Long “a” vs. short “a”: cranial vs. abdominal
    Ask students to provide additional examples from the terms and combining forms that have been discussed in this chapter.
  • Write additional terms on the board and have students pronounce them.
  • Medtermch2KAI

    1. 1. The Language Of Medicine 10 edition th Davi-Ellen Chabner Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 1
    2. 2. Chapter 2 Terms Pertaining to the Body as a Whole Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 2
    3. 3. Chapter Goals • Define terms that apply to the structural organization of the body. • Identify the body cavities and recognize the organs contained within those cavities. • Locate and identify the anatomical and clinical divisions of the abdomen. • Locate and name the anatomical divisions of the back. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 3
    4. 4. Chapter Goals (cont’d) • Become acquainted with terms that describe positions, directions, and planes of the body. • Identify the meanings for new word elements and use them to understand medical terms. Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 4
    5. 5. Chapter 2 Lesson 2.1 Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 5
    6. 6. Structural Organization of the Body • CELLS • TISSUES • ORGANS • SYSTEMS Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 6
    7. 7. Structural Organization of the Body Cells—The fundamental unit of all living things • Major parts of a cell include: • • • • • • Chromosomes Nucleus Cell membrane Cytoplasm Mitochondria Endoplasmic reticulum Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 7
    8. 8. Structural Organization of the Body • CELL—The fundamental unit of all living things Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 8
    9. 9. Study Section 1 • • • • • • Anabolism Catabolism Cell membrane Chromosomes Cytoplasm DNA • • • • • • Endoplasmic reticulum Genes Karyotype Metabolism Mitochondria Nucleus Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 9
    10. 10. Structural Organization of the Body • Cells are specialized to carry out individual functions. • Identify the following in the image • • • • Epithelial cell Fat cell Nerve cell Muscle cell Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 10
    11. 11. Structural Organization of the Body (cont’d) Types of cells Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 11
    12. 12. Structural Organization of the Body (cont’d) Tissues • Different tissue types include:  Epithelial tissue  Muscle tissue  Connective tissue  Nerve tissue Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 12
    13. 13. Structural Organization of the Body (cont’d) • Organs: Different types of tissue combine to form an organ • Systems: Groups of organs working together to perform complex functions Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 13
    14. 14. Study Section 2 • • • • • • • Adipose tissue Cartilage Epithelial cells Histologist Larynx Pharynx Pituitary gland • • • • • • Thyroid gland Trachea Ureter Urethra Uterus Viscera Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 14
    15. 15. Body Cavities and Organs Cavity Organ(s) Cranial Brain Thoracic Lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, thymus gland, aorta Abdominal Stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, pancreas, liver, gall bladder Pelvic Portions of the small and large intestines, bladder, rectum, urethra, ureters; uterus and vagina in female Spinal Nerves of the spinal cord Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 15
    16. 16. Body Cavities • Label the body cavities in the figure Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 16
    17. 17. Body Cavities (cont’d) • Body cavities are the spaces within the body that contain internal organs (viscera). Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 17
    18. 18. QUICK QUIZ: 1. Which body cavity contains the pleural cavity and the mediastinum? A. Cranial B. Pelvic C. Spinal D. Thoracic Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 18
    19. 19. QUICK QUIZ: (cont’d) 2. Which body cavity contains the peritoneum? A. Abdominal B. Pelvic C. Spinal D. Thoracic Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 19
    20. 20. Organs of the Abdominopelvic and Thoracic Cavities Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 20
    21. 21. Organs of the Abdominopelvic and Thoracic Cavities (cont’d) Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 21
    22. 22. Study Section 3 • Abdominal cavity • Peritoneum • Cranial cavity • Pleura • Diaphragm • Pleural cavity • Dorsal (posterior) • Spinal cavity • Mediastinum • Thoracic cavity • Pelvic cavity • Ventral (anterior) Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 22
    23. 23. Abdominopelvic Regions and Quadrants Regions  Right hypochondriac region  Left hypochondriac region  Epigastric region  Right lumbar region  Left lumbar region  Umbilical region  Right inguinal region  Left inguinal region  Hypogastric region Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 23
    24. 24. Abdominopelvic Regions (cont’d) Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 24
    25. 25. Abdominopelvic Regions (cont’d) Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 25
    26. 26. Abdominopelvic Regions and Quadrants • Quadrants  Right upper quadrant (RUQ)  Left upper quadrant (LUQ)  Right lower quadrant (RLQ)  Left lower quadrant (LLQ) Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 26
    27. 27. Abdominopelvic Quadrants Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 27
    28. 28. Abdominopelvic Quadrants (cont’d) Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 28
    29. 29. Chapter 2 Lesson 2.2 Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 29
    30. 30. Anatomical Divisions of the Back • • • • • Cervical Thoracic Lumbar Sacral Coccygeal Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 30
    31. 31. Anatomical Divisions of the Back (cont’d) Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 31
    32. 32. Anatomical Divisions of the Back (cont’d) Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 32
    33. 33. Study Section 4 • Abdominopelvic Regions: Hypochondriac Epigastric Lumbar Umbilical Inguinal Hypogastric • Abdominopelvic Quadrants: RUQ LUQ RLQ LLQ Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 33
    34. 34. Study Section 4 (cont’d) • Divisions of the Back: Cervical Thoracic Lumbar Sacral Coccygeal • Related Terms: Vertebra Vertebrae Spinal column Spinal cord Disk (disc) Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 34
    35. 35. QUICK QUIZ: 3. Name the abdominopelvic region that is located in the central region near the navel. A. Inguinal B. Umbilical C. Lumbar D. Hypochondriac Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 35
    36. 36. QUICK QUIZ: (cont’d) 4. Name the abdominopelvic region that is located in the lower middle below the umbilical region. A. Inguinal B. Epigastric C. Lumbar D. Hypogastric Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 36
    37. 37. Positions, Directions, and Planes of the Body •Positional and Directional Terms  Anterior (ventral)  Posterior (dorsal)  Deep  Superficial  Proximal  Distal Inferior Superior Medial Lateral Supine Prone Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 37
    38. 38. Positional and Directional Terms Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 38
    39. 39. Positional and Directional Terms (cont’d) Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 39
    40. 40. Positions, Directions, and Planes of the Body (cont’d) • Planes of the Body  Frontal (coronal)  Sagittal (lateral)  Transverse (cross-sectional or axial) Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 40
    41. 41. Positional and Directional Terms Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 41
    42. 42. Positional and Directional Terms (cont’d) Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 42
    43. 43. Study Section 5 • Anterior (ventral) • Deep • Distal • Frontal (coronal) plane • Inferior (caudal) • Lateral • Medial • Prone • Proximal • Sagittal (lateral) plane • Superficial • Superior (cephalic) • Supine • Transverse (axial) plane • Posterior (dorsal) Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 43
    44. 44. Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes Combining Form Meaning abdomin/o __________ adip/o __________ anter/o bol/o __________ __________ Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 44
    45. 45. Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes Combining Form Meaning abdomin/o abdomen adip/o fat anter/o bol/o front to cast (throw) Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 45
    46. 46. Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes (cont’d) Combining Form Meaning cervic/o __________ chondr/o __________ chrom/o __________ coccyg/o __________ Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 46
    47. 47. Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes (cont’d) Combining Form Meaning cervic/o neck (of the body or uterus) chondr/o cartilage chrom/o color coccyg/o coccyx (tailbone) Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 47
    48. 48. Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes (cont’d) Combining Form Meaning crani/o __________ cyt/o __________ dist/o __________ dors/o __________ Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 48
    49. 49. Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes (cont’d) Combining Form Meaning crani/o skull cyt/o cell dist/o far, distant dors/o back portion of the body Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 49
    50. 50. Combining Forms, Suffixes and Prefixes (cont’d) Combining Form Meaning hist/o, histi/o __________ ili/o __________ inguin/o __________ kary/o __________ Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 50
    51. 51. Combining Forms, Suffixes and Prefixes (cont’d) Combining Form Meaning hist/o, histi/o tissue ili/o ilium (of the pelvic bone) inguin/o groin kary/o nucleus Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 51
    52. 52. Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes (cont’d) Combining Form Meaning later/o __________ lumb/o __________ medi/o __________ nucle/o __________ Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 52
    53. 53. Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes (cont’d) Combining Form Meaning later/o side lumb/o lower back medi/o middle nucle/o nucleus Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 53
    54. 54. Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes (cont’d) Combining Form pelv/i Meaning __________ poster/o __________ proxim/o __________ sacr/o __________ Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 54
    55. 55. Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes (cont’d) Combining Form pelv/i Meaning pelvis poster/o back, behind proxim/o nearest sacr/o sacrum Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 55
    56. 56. Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes (cont’d) Combining Form Meaning sarc/o __________ spin/o __________ thel/o, theli/o __________ thorac/o __________ trache/o __________ Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 56
    57. 57. Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes (cont’d) Combining Form Meaning sarc/o flesh spin/o spine, backbone thel/o, theli/o nipple thorac/o chest trache/o trachea, windpipe Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 57
    58. 58. Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes (cont’d) Combining Form Meaning umbilic/o __________ ventr/o __________ vertebr/o _____________ viscer/o __________ Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 58
    59. 59. Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes (cont’d) Combining Form Meaning umbilic/o navel, umbilicus ventr/o belly side of the body vertebr/o vertebra(e), backbone(s) viscer/o internal organs Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 59
    60. 60. Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes (cont’d) Combining Form Meaning cata- __________ epi- __________ ana- __________ hypo- __________ inter- __________ meta- __________ Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 60
    61. 61. Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes (cont’d) Combining Form Meaning cata- down epi- above ana- up hypo- below inter- between meta- change Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 61
    62. 62. Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes (cont’d) Suffix Meaning -eal -iac -ior -ism -ose -plasm -somes -type __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 62
    63. 63. Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes (cont’d) Suffix Meaning -eal -iac -ior -ism -ose -plasm -somes -type pertaining to pertaining to pertaining to process, condition pertaining to, full of formation bodies picture, classification Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 63
    64. 64. QUICK QUIZ: 5. Which term means process of cutting the skull? A. Thoracotomy B. Craniotomy C. Diskectomy D. Arthroscopy Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 64
    65. 65. Pronunciation Guide Review • • • • • ā as in āpe ē as in ēven ī as in īce ō as in ōpen ū as in ūnit • • • • • ă as in ăpple ĕ as in ĕvery ĭ as in ĭnterest ŏ as in pŏt ŭ as in ŭnder Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 65
    66. 66. Pronunciation Examples: adipose caudal distal trachea ĂD-ĭ-pōs KĂW- dăl DĬS-tăl TRĀ-kē-ă Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 66

    ×