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Basics of the japanese language session 4 v5

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A lunch time session for officers at Portsmouth City Council

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Basics of the japanese language session 4 v5

  1. 1. Basics of theJapanese Language Lunch-time sessions at PCC By Peter Missen Session 4 Time
  2. 2. Recap of previous sessionAny questions about the previous session?Any significant numbers to share with the class?
  3. 3. Objectives for this sessionHours and minutesa.m. and p.m.Questions about timeGrammar from/until particlesDays of the weekMonths of the year
  4. 4. Time – hours and minutesji = hour 時fun/pun = minute 分han = half 半 used for half past the hour no quarter-to or quarter-past
  5. 5. a.m. and p.m.gozen = a.m.午前 (2 kanji: noon + before)gogo = p.m.午後 (2 kanji: noon + after)a.m. and p.m. come first in Japanese times.
  6. 6. Example timesgozen hachi ji (8 a.m.)gozen juu ji yon juu go fun (10:45 a.m.)gogo ku ji han. (9:30 p.m.)shougo = midday 正午(2 kanji: just + noon)mayonaka = midnight 真夜中(3 kanji: exact + night + middle)
  7. 7. Questions about timeima nan ji desu ka.What time is it now?今何時ですか。ima = nowSpend a couple of minutes to make up your own time – round the class…My made up time will be 5:55 p.m. so don’t pick that!
  8. 8. Grammar – from/until particleskara = from からmade = until までFor example:watashi wa ku ji kara go ji made hatarakimasu.I work from 9 to 5.私は九時から五時まで働きます。Hatarakimasu = polite form of verb to work
  9. 9. Days of the week – building blocksyou = day of the week 曜bi = day 日youbi = day of the week day 曜日getsu = moon 月ka = fire 火sui = water 水moku = wood 木kin = gold 金do = earth 土nichi = sun 日
  10. 10. Days of the weekgetsuyoubi = Monday 月曜日kayoubi = Tuesday 火曜日suiyoubi = Wednesday 水曜日mokuyoubi = Thursday 木曜日kinyoubi = Friday 金曜日doyoubi = Saturday 土曜日nichiyoubi = Sunday 日曜日
  11. 11. Sentences with days of the weekkyou wa doyoubi desu.Today is Saturday.今日は土曜日です。kyou = today (2 kanji: now + day)
  12. 12. Sentences with days of the weekkinou wa kinyoubi deshita.Yesterday was Friday.昨日は金曜日でした。kinou = yesterday (2 kanji: last + day)
  13. 13. Sentences with days of the weekashita wa nichiyoubi desu.Tomorrow is Sunday.明日は日曜日です。ashita = tomorrow (2 kanji: next + day)
  14. 14. Sentences with days of the weekototoi wa mokuyoubi deshita.The day before yesterday was Thursday.一昨日は木曜日でした。ototoi = day before yesterday(3 kanji: one +last + day)
  15. 15. Sentences with days of the weekasatte wa getsuyoubi desu.The day after tomorrow is Monday.明後日は月曜日です。asatte = the day after tomorrow(3 kanji: next + after + day)
  16. 16. Recap of words to represent daysThe Japanese have a window of 5 days with specific words for them:ototoi = the day before yesterdaykinou = yesterdaykyou = todayashita = tomorrowasatte = the day after tomorrow
  17. 17. Months of the year – building blocks Very logical Based on numbers 1 to 12 plus kanji for the moon 月 = gatsu
  18. 18. Months of the yearichigatsu = January一月nigatsu = February 二月sangatsu = March 三月shigatsu = April 四月gogatsu = May 五月rokugatsu = June 六月
  19. 19. Months of the yearshichigatsu = July 七月hachigatsu = August 八月kugatsu = September 九月juugatsu = October 十月juuichigatsu = November 十一月juunigatsu = December 十二月
  20. 20. Birthdayadd when bday
  21. 21. Birthdaymy bday is
  22. 22. Birthdayadd 1 to 10 numbers
  23. 23. HomeworkNothing compulsorySuggestion – Work on the days of the week
  24. 24. Any questions????

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