Basics of theJapanese Language Lunch-time sessions at PCC By Peter Missen Session 4 Time
Recap of previous sessionAny questions about the previous session?Any significant numbers to share with the class?
Objectives for this sessionHours and minutesa.m. and p.m.Questions about timeGrammar from/until particlesDays of the weekMonths of the year
Time – hours and minutesji = hour 時fun/pun = minute 分han = half 半 used for half past the hour no quarter-to or quarter-past
a.m. and p.m.gozen = a.m.午前 (2 kanji: noon + before)gogo = p.m.午後 (2 kanji: noon + after)a.m. and p.m. come first in Japanese times.
Example timesgozen hachi ji (8 a.m.)gozen juu ji yon juu go fun (10:45 a.m.)gogo ku ji han. (9:30 p.m.)shougo = midday 正午(2 kanji: just + noon)mayonaka = midnight 真夜中(3 kanji: exact + night + middle)
Questions about timeima nan ji desu ka.What time is it now?今何時ですか。ima = nowSpend a couple of minutes to make up your own time – round the class…My made up time will be 5:55 p.m. so don’t pick that!
Grammar – from/until particleskara = from からmade = until までFor example:watashi wa ku ji kara go ji made hatarakimasu.I work from 9 to 5.私は九時から五時まで働きます。Hatarakimasu = polite form of verb to work
Days of the week – building blocksyou = day of the week 曜bi = day 日youbi = day of the week day 曜日getsu = moon 月ka = fire 火sui = water 水moku = wood 木kin = gold 金do = earth 土nichi = sun 日
Days of the weekgetsuyoubi = Monday 月曜日kayoubi = Tuesday 火曜日suiyoubi = Wednesday 水曜日mokuyoubi = Thursday 木曜日kinyoubi = Friday 金曜日doyoubi = Saturday 土曜日nichiyoubi = Sunday 日曜日
Sentences with days of the weekkyou wa doyoubi desu.Today is Saturday.今日は土曜日です。kyou = today (2 kanji: now + day)
Sentences with days of the weekkinou wa kinyoubi deshita.Yesterday was Friday.昨日は金曜日でした。kinou = yesterday (2 kanji: last + day)
Sentences with days of the weekashita wa nichiyoubi desu.Tomorrow is Sunday.明日は日曜日です。ashita = tomorrow (2 kanji: next + day)
Sentences with days of the weekototoi wa mokuyoubi deshita.The day before yesterday was Thursday.一昨日は木曜日でした。ototoi = day before yesterday(3 kanji: one +last + day)
Sentences with days of the weekasatte wa getsuyoubi desu.The day after tomorrow is Monday.明後日は月曜日です。asatte = the day after tomorrow(3 kanji: next + after + day)
Recap of words to represent daysThe Japanese have a window of 5 days with specific words for them:ototoi = the day before yesterdaykinou = yesterdaykyou = todayashita = tomorrowasatte = the day after tomorrow
Months of the year – building blocks Very logical Based on numbers 1 to 12 plus kanji for the moon 月 = gatsu
Months of the yearichigatsu = January一月nigatsu = February 二月sangatsu = March 三月shigatsu = April 四月gogatsu = May 五月rokugatsu = June 六月
Months of the yearshichigatsu = July 七月hachigatsu = August 八月kugatsu = September 九月juugatsu = October 十月juuichigatsu = November 十一月juunigatsu = December 十二月