IntermediateJapanese LanguageLunch-time sessions at PCC By Peter Missen Session 6 Japanese cuisine
Objectives for this sessionJapanese CuisineUseful sentencesCustoms at meal timesGrammar Sentence endingsCulture – Japanese holidays Nov & DecCounters Animals: big, small, and birds.
Japanese Cuisinenihon ryouri 日本料理ryouri = Cooking (2 Kanji: Cooking + Science)In Japan their staple foods are rice and several types of noodles gohan 御飯 = Boiled rice(2 kanji: honour + boiled rice )
Noodlessoba - thin, greyish-brown, buckwheat flourudon - thick, white, wheat flourJapanese noodles can be served hot or cold with soy or dashi flavourings.ramen - Chinese-style wheat noodles served in a meat stock broth are now popular
Ingredients found in Japanese cuisine Rice Plus lots of Seafood: Beans Finned fish Eggs Sea mammals Flour Shellfish Fruits Crab Fu (wheat gluten) Eel Meats Roe Mushrooms Processed seafood Noodles Seaweed Soy products Vegetables
Useful sentences - questionchiriso-su チリソースga がarimasu ka ありますか 。Do you have chilli sauce?
Useful sentences – possible repliesiie, arimasen.いいえ , ありませ ん。No, we don’t have.hai, arimasu.はい , あります 。Yes, we do have.
Useful sentences - questionchiriso-su wa チリソースはdoko ni どこにarimasu ka. ありますか。Where is the chilli sauce?
Useful sentences – possible replieschiri so-su wa shita kara san dan me desu.チリソースは下から三段目です 。The chilli sauce is on the 3rd shelf from the bottom.shita = below/bottomdan = counter for shelves
Customs at meal timesBefore starting to eat a meal say:itadakimasu.いただきます。to humbly receive.After the meal say:gochisousamadeshita.ごちそうさまでした。"It was a feast“.
Customs at meal timesEat what is given! It is customary to eat rice to the last grain. Being a picky eater is frowned on, and it is not customary to ask for special requests or substitutions at restaurants. It is considered ungrateful to make these requests especially in circumstances where you are being hosted, as in a business dinner environment. Good manners dictate that you respect the selections of the host
Customs at meal timesChopsticksNever stick your chopsticks vertically into a rice bowl! This resembles incense sticks that are usually placed vertically in sand during offerings to the dead.Using chopsticks to spear food or to point is frowned upon.It is very bad manners to bite chopsticks.
Grammar – Sentence endingsThe are a couple of common sentence endings for emphasis.ne ね “ you agree with me don’t you” though no reply is required!yo よ “ I’m telling you so take notice”
Sentence endings – ne examples ii tenki desu ne. いい天気ですね。 Nice weather isn’t it? sou desu ne. そうですね。 Is that so?
Sentence endings – yo examples honto desu yo. ほんとですよ。 I am telling the truth! honto = truth densha ga kimashita yo. 電車が来ましたよ。 The train is here!
Culture section – holidays & festivalsNovember and December National holidays:November 3rd Culture Day (bunka no hi): A day for promotion of culture and the love of freedom and peace. On culture day, schools and the government award selected persons for their special cultural achievements.November 23rd Labour Thanksgiving Day (kinro kansha no hi): A national holiday for honouring labour.December 23rd Emperors Birthday (tenno no tanjobi): The birthday of the current emperor is always a national holiday. If the emperor changes, the national holiday changes to the day of birth of the new emperor. The current emperor is Akihito who became Japans 125th emperor in 1989.
Culture section – holidays & festivalsNovember and December Non-national holidays:November 15th Seven-Five-Three (shichigosan): A festival for children: girls of age three and seven, and boys of age three and five. During shichgosan the Japanese pray for the good health and growth of their children. On November 15th, or the closest weekend, the children tend to visit a Shinto shrine dressed in kimono.Long bags of sweets that are decorated with turtles and cranes are given to the children. Sweets, cranes, and turtles, all symbolize longevity in Japan.
Culture section – holidays & festivalsNovember and December Non-national holidays:December 24th and 25th Christmas:Christmas was initially introduced to Japan with the arrival of the first Europeans in the 16th century. While Christmas is not a national holiday more and more people are taking up traditions such as decorating their home, giving presents to friends and celebrating the event with a special meal.Retail stores and shopping malls seem the most enthusiastic about Christmas, where trees, santa clauses, and other seasonal decorations can be found several weeks in advance. Some public places also feature Christmas lights.The traditional Japanese Christmas food is their version of a Christmas cake, usually based on a sponge cake with strawberries and whipped cream. Yumyum…
Culture section – holidays & festivalsNovember and December Non-national holidays:December 31st New Years Eve (omisoka):On New Years eve, toshikoshi soba (buckwheat noodles), symbolizing longevity, are served.A more recent custom is watching the music show "kohaku uta gassen", a highly popular TV program featuring many of Japans most famous J-pop and enka singers in spectacular performances.
Counting – AnimalsSmall animals (+ fish and insects) use suffix “hiki”. e.g. cats, dogs … 1 is ippiki 一匹 2 is nihiki 二匹 3 is sanbiki 三匹 4 is yonhiki 四匹 5 is gohiki 五匹 6 is roppiki 六匹 7 is nanahiki 七匹 8 is happiki 八匹 9 is kyuuhiki 九匹 10 is juppiki 十匹
Counting – AnimalsLarge animals use suffix “tou”. e.g. whale, giraffe, horse, cow… 1 is ittou 一頭 2 is nitou 二頭 3 is santou 三頭 4 is yontou 四頭 5 is gotou 五頭 6 is rokutou 六頭 7 is nanatou 七頭 8 is hattou 八頭 9 is kyuutou 九頭 10 is juttou 十頭
Counting – Animals Birds use suffix “wa”. 1 is ichiwa 一羽 2 is niwa 二羽 3 is sanba 三羽 4 is yonwa 四羽 5 is gowa 五羽 6 is roppa 六羽 7 is nanawa 七羽 8 is happa 八羽 9 is kyuuwa 九羽 10 is juuwa 十羽
Final Wrap upLanguage Learning & Development CommunityIt’s for all of us to use,especially now the sessions have ended.At the weekend there were 38 membersThank you Barbara for putting up the scans…Any feedback?HomeworkNothing as this is the last session!!!Enjoy your new found knowledgeAny questions ?See you at Nara Sushi on Albert Road at 6:30 p.m. tonight.Bring your own drink (Cash only)