Basics of the japanese language session 3 v5

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A lunch time session for officers at Portsmouth City Council

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Basics of the japanese language session 3 v5

  1. 1. Basics of theJapanese Language Lunch-time sessions at PCC By Peter Missen Session 3 Numbers
  2. 2. Recap of previous sessionAny questions about the previous session?Formal greetinghajimemashite - How do you do? (first time)blah blah blah – information about yourselfdouzo yoroshiku - Nice to meet you.Share these?
  3. 3. Objectives for this sessionBasic numbersNumbers up to to 99Bigger numbers, 100 onwards…Useful sentences with numbers – Age – Prices – Telephone numbersGrammar – CountersMore sounds
  4. 4. Basic Numbersrei/zero – Zero 零 / ゼロichi – One 一ni – Two 二san – Three 三shi/yon – Four 四go – Five 五roku – Six 六shichi/nana – Seven 七hachi – Eight 八kyuu/ku – Nine 九juu – Ten 十
  5. 5. Numbers up to 99In Japanese number use is very straightforward(unlike French!)Pattern is: Number of tens TEN number of unitsFor example19 = 10 9 juu kyuu21 = 2 10 1 ni juu ichi37 = 3 10 7 san juu nana88 = 8 10 8 hachi juu hachi95 = 9 10 5 kyuu juu go
  6. 6. Bigger Number basicshyaku – hundred 百sen – thousand 千man – ten thousand 万The ten thousand unit means numbers are not conveniently grouped in 3s. – For example: 1 million is 100 ten thousands.
  7. 7. Bigger Numbers example57,248go man nana sen ni hyaku yon juu hachi – 5 ten thousands – 7 thousands – 2 hundreds – 4 tens – and eight…五万七千二百四十八
  8. 8. Useful sentences - AgeTo say your own age.watashi wa “number” sai desu.sai = counter for agee.g. watashi wa nijuunana sai desu.I am 27 years old.私は二十七才です。
  9. 9. Useful sentences - AgeQuestion: nan sai desu ka. (How old?)何歳ですか。 sai = counter for ageReply: Number sai desu.e.g. gojuusan sai desu. (53 years)五十三才です。( 才 is generally used as a substitute for 歳 .But 才 is not a simplified kanji of 歳 .)
  10. 10. Useful sentences - pricesen – Yen 円 (symbol ¥)Question: ikura desu ka (How much?)いくらですか。Example reply: 2,500 en desu. (2,500 yen)ni sen go hyaku en desu.二千五百円です。
  11. 11. Useful sentences – telephone numberQuestion: denwa bangou wa nan ban desu ka.What is your telephone number?電話番号は何番ですか。 – denwa = telephone (2 kanji: electricity + talk) – bangou = number (2 kanji: number + order) – ban = numberExample reply: 023-92841443zero ni san no kyuu ni hachi yon ichi yon yon san desu.ゼロ二三の九二八四一四四三です 。
  12. 12. Grammar - CountersA grammar concept that is a bit more tricky than in EnglishFormat is: number/counter/thingFor example, 12/slender things/rose (12 roses) Juuni hon bara. 十二本バラ。
  13. 13. Sample Countershon - slender things 本mae - flat things 前wa – birds 羽nin – people 人hiki - small animals 匹paku - overnight stays 泊kuchi – mouthfuls 口hai – cups 杯
  14. 14. Making more hiragana soundsg sounds - modify the k soundsz sounds - modify the s soundsd sounds - modify the t soundsb sounds - modify the h soundsp sounds - modify the h sounds
  15. 15. Making more hiragana soundska + dashes = gasa + dashes = zata + dashes = daha + dashes = baha + a circle = pa
  16. 16. Making more hiragana soundsga gi gu ge go が ぎ ぐ げ ごza ji zu ze zo ざ じ ず ぜ ぞda ji zu de do だ ぢ づ で どba bi bu be bo ば び ぶ べ ぼpa pi pu pe po ぱ ぴ ぷ ぺ ぽ
  17. 17. HomeworkNothing compulsorySuggestions – Work out some numbers that mean something to you. – If the Yen:Pound exchange rate is 130:1 work out the Japanese price for a few items.
  18. 18. Any questions????

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