IntermediateJapanese LanguageLunch-time sessions at PCC By Peter Missen Session 4 Abilities
Objectives for this sessionAbilitiesGrammar with particle at particleBuilding basic sentences – some tipsCulture – Japanese holidays July & AugustCounters PeopleCommunities of Practice for Public Service
AbilitiesJouzu 上手 good at, skillful, clever(2Kanji: up + hand)heta 下手 poor at, unskillful, clumsy(2Kanji: down + hand)wakarimasu 分かります to understand
Ability sentence exampleswatashi wa dansu ga jouzu desu.私はダンスが上手です。I am good at dancing.dansu = dance (in katakana)watashi wa e ga heta desu.私は絵が下手です。I am poor at drawing.
Ability sentence examplewatashi wa nihongo ga sukoshi wakarimasu.私は日本語が少し分かります。I understand Japanese a little.go = language (Kanji: language)sukoshi = a little (Kanji: little)
Ability sentences – a question[anata wa] itariago ga wakarimasu ka.[ あなたは ]イタリア語が分かりますか 。Do you understand Italian?
Ability sentences – some replieshai, wakarimasu.はい , 分かります。Yes I understand.sukoshi wakarimasu.少し分かります。I understand a little.
Ability sentences – some repliesiie, wakarimasen.いいえ , 分かりますせん 。No I don’t understand.zenzen wakarimasen.全然分かりますせん。No I don’t understand at all.
Grammar – more on the de で particlePreviously we have seen that de で can be used as a“by mode of transport” particlede で can also be used to indicate: The method with which you do something. e.g. eat a meal “using” chopsticks The place where an action takes place. e.g. buy a newspaper “at” the train station
で particle – “using” sentencewatashi wa 私はohashi de お箸でgohan ご飯(w)o をtabemasu. 食べます。
で particle – “at” sentencewatashi wa 私はeki de 駅でshinbun 新聞(w)o をkaimasu. 買います。
で particle - new wordsshinbun = newspaper(2Kanji: latest + listen)kaimasu = to buy (polite form)
Building basic sentences – some tipsStart with small steps!Take a known sentence and amend it. Change a word or location or verb…e.g. watashi wa ashita rondon e ikimasu. 私は明日ロンドンへ行きます 。Tomorrow I’m going to London.watashi wa ashita pari e ikimasu.私は明日パリへ行きます。
Building basic sentences – exampleswatashi wa ashita densha de rondon e ikimasu.私は明日電車でロンドンへ行きます。Tomorrow I’m going to London by train.watashi wa ashita hikouki de pari e ikimasu.私は明日飛行機でパリへ行きます。Tomorrow I’m going to Paris by plane.
Building basic sentences – exampleswatashi wa densha de rondon e ikimasu.私は電車でロンドンへ行きます。I’m going to London by train.watashi wa densha de rondon e ikimashita.私は電車でロンドンへ行きました。I went to London by train.
Building basic sentences – exampleswatashi wa ashita hikouki de pari e ikimasu.私は明日飛行機でパリへ行きます。Tomorrow I’m going to Paris by plane.watashi wa ashita tomodachi to hikouki de pari e ikimasu.私は明日友達と飛行機でパリへ行きます 。Tomorrow I’m going to Paris with a friend by plane.
Culture section – holidays & festivalsJuly and August National holidays:Third Monday of July. Ocean Day (umi no hi):A recently introduced national holiday to celebrate maritime Japan. Ocean day marks the return of Emperor Meiji from a boat trip to Hokkaido in 1876.Ocean day was declared a national holiday in 1995 as a day of gratitude for the blessings of the oceans and to hope for the economic prosperity of maritime Japan.Ocean day was first observed on July 20th 1996, when “Happy Monday” ( ハッピーマンデー ) legislation moved the date from July 20th to the third Monday of July.
Culture section – holidays & festivalsJuly and August Non-national holidays:July/August 13th-15th Obon:Obon is an annual Buddhist event for commemorating ones ancestors. It is believed that each year during Obon, the ancestors spirits return to this world in order to visit their relatives. Traditionally, lanterns are hung in front of houses to guide the ancestors spirits, Obon dances (bon odori) are performed, graves are visited, and food offerings are made at house altars and temples.At the end of Obon, floating lanterns are put into rivers, lakes and seas in order to guide the spirits back into their world. The actual customs followed do vary from region to region.Obon is celebrated from the 13th to the 15th day of the 7th month of the year, which is July according to the solar calendar. However, since the 7th month of the year roughly coincides with August according to the formerly used lunar calendar, Obon is still celebrated in mid August in many regions of Japan, while it is celebrated in mid July in other regions.The Obon week in mid August is one of Japans 3 major holiday seasons, which means intensive domestic and international travel activities and increased accommodation rates!
Culture section – holidays & festivalsJuly and August Non-national holidays:July/August 7th Star Festival (tanabata):According to a Chinese legend, the two stars Altair and Vega, which are usually separated from each other by the milky way, are able to meet.The same deal applies to Tanabata as to Obon and is celebrated on July 7th in some regions of Japan, and on August 7th in other regions.One popular Tanabata custom is to write ones wishes on a piece of paper, and hang that piece of paper on a specially erected bamboo tree, in the hope that the wishes become true.Colourful Tanabata festivals are held across Japan in either early July or August. Among the biggest and most famous ones are the Tanabata Festivals of Sendai in August and Hiratsuka near Tokyo in July.
Counting – People (nin 人 )The first 2 numbers in counting people are irregular, as is 4. 1 is hitori 一人 2 is futari 二人 3 is san nin 三人 4 is yo nin 四人 5 is go nin 五人 6 is roku nin 六人 7 is shichi nin 七人 8 is hachi nin 八人 9 is kyuu nin 九人10 is juu nin 十人
Communities of Practice for Public Service Language Learning & Development – Portsmouth City Council. Any feedback? What would you like to see there? It’s for all of us to use…
HomeworkNothing compulsorySuggestions – Work on making a few sentences – Great if you can practice with a colleague