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Last Trends in Architecture

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Architectonical trends from mid 20th century to the present, including high-tech, deconstructivism and other styles.

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Last Trends in Architecture

  1. 1. Last Trends in Architecture Revision
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Since mid 20th century Architecture has experience great change. </li></ul><ul><li>The increasing interest in urban planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>not only involves the construction of the buildings themselves, but </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>it also asked for its inclusion in an area and in consonance with deep studies of their physical, social and economic impact. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The development of new and revolutionary materials has made possible the creation of some buildings that in a recent past would have been unthinkable. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Innovative Architecture <ul><li>It combines the imagination of the architects and engineers with the aesthetic impact of materials such as reinforced concrete. </li></ul><ul><li>Structural solutions are revolutionary and, in addition to use industrial materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>they created sophisticates spaces through the distribution of light and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the use of materials not frequent in architecture, underlining their tactile qualities. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Innovative Architecture <ul><li>The pioneer of this architecture would be Alvar Aalto. Other architects working in this way are Eero Saarinen, Nervi, Utzon or Kahn. </li></ul><ul><li>Their sign of identity is the use of industrial material to solve difficult structural problems. </li></ul>
  5. 5. International Style <ul><li>It has its roots in the works of the Bauhaus and it developed in the US thanks to the influence of Mies van der Rohe and his disciples. </li></ul><ul><li>It is well suited to large metropolitan apartment and office towers. </li></ul><ul><li>These building proved to have a commercial potential and were extremely efficient for large-scale construction in which the module could be repeated indefinitely. </li></ul>
  6. 6. International Style <ul><li>Inner spaces became standardized, predictable, and profitable and exterior reflected the monotony of the interiors. </li></ul><ul><li>The blank glass box became ubiquitous. </li></ul><ul><li>These buildings are considered examples of an austere classicism, but also coldly impersonal. </li></ul><ul><li>Architects working in this style are Stirling, Kenzo Tange, or Philip Johnson. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Post-modern Architecture <ul><li>Between about 1965 and 1980 architects and critics began to espouse tendencies resulting in a style that is not cohesive but that has a distinct set of principles. </li></ul><ul><li>Postmodernists value </li></ul><ul><ul><li>individuality, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>intimacy, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>complexity and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>occasionally even humour. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Post-modern Architecture <ul><li>Some architects, such as Venturi, defended an architecture that can produce any kind of buildings, ( filling stations or fast-food restaurants). </li></ul><ul><li>Some works have references to old style and can use vivid colours. </li></ul><ul><li>Other architects of this movement are Graves, Meier, Jahn or Moore. </li></ul>
  9. 9. High-Tech <ul><li>The High-Tech style came to prominence in the 1970s and 1980s. </li></ul><ul><li>Representatives of this movement are the architects Richard Rogers, Renzo Piano and Norman Foster. </li></ul><ul><li>Its origins lie in the 19th century when new industrial techniques and materials, previously used on engineering projects such as bridges, began to be applied to architecture. </li></ul>
  10. 10. High-Tech <ul><li>High-Tech buildings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>are typically constructed of steel and glass, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>make innovative use of technology and are often likened in appearance to the machines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>draw attention to structural and functional elements. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Postmodernism is not the major strand in the most recent avant-garde architecture. </li></ul><ul><li>High-Tech makes expressive use of the constructional and operational aspects of a building, with features such as supporting members or heating pipes fully exposed to view. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Deconstructivism <ul><li>Deconstructivism is the term used to characterize buildings in which elements such as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>fractured forms or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>warped planes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>undermine conventional notions of stability and harmony. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Deconstructivism <ul><li>The works of Frank Gehry or Zaha Hadid can be considered good examples of this style. </li></ul>

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