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MashUps: Towards Future Personal Learning Environments


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13th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction HCI2009 International, San Diego 19-24th July
Presentation at UAHCI Session FUITEL09, Friday, 24th 10.30 to 12.30

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
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MashUps: Towards Future Personal Learning Environments

  1. 1. Mixing Content and Endless Collaboration Mashups: Towards Future Personal Learning Environments ( Andreas Auinger , Martin Ebner, Dietmar Nedbal, Andreas Holzinger) Andreas Auinger Department for e-Business, School of Management Upper Austria University of Applied Sciences Steyr, Austria
  2. 2. Motivation <ul><li>Ubiquitious and pervasive use of new media and the web dominates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching and learning behavior (Chen & Kinshuk et al.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web turns into community of loosely connected participants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sharing knowledge and educational interests and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>communicate and collaborate on the “Web 2.0”/in the Enterprise 2.0, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>turn into prosumers on market of freely available content and collaboration tools. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Major web services have opened their systems to outside use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation of public APIs and data sources </li></ul></ul><ul><li> resulting in Web 2.0/Enterprise 2.0 MashUps </li></ul>
  3. 3. Contribution of Mashups to E-learning 2.0 <ul><li>Bringing social networks into the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Enrich traditional Learning Management Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential to integrate communication and collaboration features from the Web 2.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Facebook, MySpace, WordPress, Technorati, Twitter etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freely available context-relevant interaction services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wikipedia, Google Maps, YouTube etc </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Mashups <ul><li>Mashups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concept and technology for merging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Content, services, applications and social contributions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Mashups fit between content and social layers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>APIs (Web-Services) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interfaces (RSS, WS, XML,..) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content (un/-structured data) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: Grasser, Palfrey 2007 </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Most important Web-Mashup APIs </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mashup Styles <ul><li>Server-side Mashups </li></ul>
  7. 7. Mashup Styles <ul><li>Client-side Mashups </li></ul>
  8. 8. Mashup Creation Tools <ul><li>Mashup Editors for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Server-side: Yahoo Pipes, MS Popfly, Google Mashup Editor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Client-side: iGoogle, Oosah </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Free available tools are </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(+) Applicability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(+) Ease of use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(+) Reusability and extensibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(-) Performance and scalability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(-) Security and Quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(-) Flexibility for different interfaces </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enhancement: Enterprise Mashups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using enhanced Mashup Environments or program them individually at the server-side </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Enterprise Mashups – Schematic Idea <ul><ul><li>RIA: Rich Internet Application </li></ul></ul>Consumers, Learners, Enterprises
  10. 10. E-Learning 2.0 Usecase: Graz University of Technology, Austria examination results Results of online survey Context relevant RSS feeds Context relevant Blog Rating of blog entries
  11. 11. Create Personal Mashup using Web Parts Add E-Learning Action Microsoft Office SharePoint with Learning Kit
  12. 12. Create Assignment Web Part
  13. 13. Distribute Assignment to other Learners
  14. 14. Grade Assignments
  15. 15. Integrate Assignment to PLE
  16. 16. Individualize/Organize PLE Web Parts
  17. 17. Interconnect Web Part Contents/Lists
  18. 18. Uasecase: SharePoint Mashup University of Applied Sciences Announcements Assignments Course Management Learning Plan Individual Course List Calendar Blog Search Videos from YouTube Individual external and internal Links SharePoint Menu Towards a Personal Learning Environment using Microsoft Office SharePoint with Learning Kit
  19. 19. Findings <ul><li>Online lectures can easily be enhanced by using Mashup technology </li></ul><ul><li>Role of lecturer will turn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>from content producer to content facilitator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mashup-able LMS are central for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structuring and supporting learning activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitating out-of-the-box assembling of individual Personal Learning Environments creating learner-individual content and collaboration entries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outlook: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Next generation of learning applications will change from rigid content distribution to personal content aggregation </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Thank you for your attention! Prof. (FH) Dr. Andreas Auinger Vice-Dean for Research and Development School of Management Upper Austria University of Applied Science Steyr, Austria [email_address]