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Making of an Open Makerspace in a
Secondary Vocational School in Austria:
Development, Activities, User Behaviour
and Gender Balance
Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
edMedia Conference July 2021
Research Questions
edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
Q1
Is there a need to introduce makerspaces to secondary schools in Austria?
Q2
How can an open makerspace in and used by a school be developed?
Q3
Which maker activities are suited for an open makerspace in and used by a
school?
Q4
What effects do makerspaces in secondary vocational schools have on
their users?
Q5
How can gender balance be supported by makerspace activities?
HTL Hollabrunn
• Small town in Lower Austria
• Higher Federal Technical College (Höhere Technische Lehranstalt)
• ~1200 students in year 9 to 13
• ~140 teachers
edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
The need of a makerspace
• Final project for all students in their last year
• 80 – 150 working hours
• Professional machinery for rapid prototyping
• Interference with regular classes
Number of final projects at HTL Hollabrunn from 2005 to 2019
edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
Making of the
open makerspace
• Initial Funding – € 80 000
by ProHTL competition
• Ongoing Funding – Sponsoring
and user fees
• Legal framework – liability rules
and legal conditions require a
commited private organisation
edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
The makerspace
• Laser cutter, CNC-mill,
embroidery machine, 3D-
printers,…
• 3 rooms on 100m² with separate
entrance
• Open 24/7 with access card and
video surveillance
• Students, teachers, alumni,
external users
edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
Statistical evaluation of user data
September 2019 - February 2020
• 49 students, 34 school employees, 5 external users
• over 2,300 logged entries to the makerspace using the access system
• entries peaked in December 2019
• average activity of machine use was 2.4 hours per day including holidays
• laser cutter and the 3d printers were the most popular devices
• recorded on-time of the laser cutter was 510 hours
• 3d printers processed 440 jobs, each lasting for about 4 to 12 hours
• 225 jobs on the embroidery machine took an average of 30 minutes
edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
Name and logo competition
• In cooperation with two partner schools
• Over 100 suggestions
• Preselection by a jury
• Voting by students on social media
edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
Makerchallenge
• 44 students (year-12 )
• 7 weeks
• 19 hours in class and lots of students´ free time
Task:
• Make a give-away for our makerspace
• Maximum product cost for serial production: € 5
• Use the lasercutter and a 3D printer
Software
Electronics
3D printers
Lasercutter
edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
Makerchallenge workflow
Ideas
Assign-
ment
Artefact
ment
De velop
1h 3h 15h
Sponsor
Teacher
Sponsor/
Jury
Teacher
Student Student
Teacher/Expert
edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
Makerchallenge –
Student´s view
Realise my
cool thing
Can I
do
this?
Who can
help ?
Setbacks
are ok!
edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
Challenge presentation
Foto: Bollwein/WKNÖ
Foto: Buchgraber/HTL Hollabrunn
edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
Makerchallenge – Teacher´s view
High motivation
Combining theorie with practical implementation
Students actively seek know-how
Setbacks and failures are part of the development process
edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
Summer@HTL
• Yearly week of summer camp
• 96 year-7 students in 12 groups
• HTL students (year-10) as
peer-guides for each group
Kinder@HTL
• Holiday camp in autumn break
• 45 year-3 to year-6 students
Holiday Camps
edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
Gender
balance
Age 13 Age 7-12
edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
Conclusion
edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
Q1
There is a need to introduce makerspaces to secondary schools in Austria
Q2
The developed of an open makerspace in and used by a school takes time,
effort and money. And it is worth it.
Q3
There are many maker activities which are suited for an open makerspace
in and used by a school.
Q4
We recorded positive effects of the makerspace in a secondary vocational
school on the users, such as increased motivation and resilience.
Q5
Participants` age of maker activities was identified to be a major factor
for gender balance.

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Making of an Open Makerspace in a Secondary Vocational School in Austria: Development, Activities, User Behaviour and Gender Balance

  • 1. Making of an Open Makerspace in a Secondary Vocational School in Austria: Development, Activities, User Behaviour and Gender Balance Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner edMedia Conference July 2021
  • 2. Research Questions edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner Q1 Is there a need to introduce makerspaces to secondary schools in Austria? Q2 How can an open makerspace in and used by a school be developed? Q3 Which maker activities are suited for an open makerspace in and used by a school? Q4 What effects do makerspaces in secondary vocational schools have on their users? Q5 How can gender balance be supported by makerspace activities?
  • 3. HTL Hollabrunn • Small town in Lower Austria • Higher Federal Technical College (Höhere Technische Lehranstalt) • ~1200 students in year 9 to 13 • ~140 teachers edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  • 4. The need of a makerspace • Final project for all students in their last year • 80 – 150 working hours • Professional machinery for rapid prototyping • Interference with regular classes Number of final projects at HTL Hollabrunn from 2005 to 2019 edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  • 5. Making of the open makerspace • Initial Funding – € 80 000 by ProHTL competition • Ongoing Funding – Sponsoring and user fees • Legal framework – liability rules and legal conditions require a commited private organisation edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  • 6. The makerspace • Laser cutter, CNC-mill, embroidery machine, 3D- printers,… • 3 rooms on 100m² with separate entrance • Open 24/7 with access card and video surveillance • Students, teachers, alumni, external users edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  • 7. Statistical evaluation of user data September 2019 - February 2020 • 49 students, 34 school employees, 5 external users • over 2,300 logged entries to the makerspace using the access system • entries peaked in December 2019 • average activity of machine use was 2.4 hours per day including holidays • laser cutter and the 3d printers were the most popular devices • recorded on-time of the laser cutter was 510 hours • 3d printers processed 440 jobs, each lasting for about 4 to 12 hours • 225 jobs on the embroidery machine took an average of 30 minutes edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  • 8. Name and logo competition • In cooperation with two partner schools • Over 100 suggestions • Preselection by a jury • Voting by students on social media edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  • 9. Makerchallenge • 44 students (year-12 ) • 7 weeks • 19 hours in class and lots of students´ free time Task: • Make a give-away for our makerspace • Maximum product cost for serial production: € 5 • Use the lasercutter and a 3D printer Software Electronics 3D printers Lasercutter edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  • 10. Makerchallenge workflow Ideas Assign- ment Artefact ment De velop 1h 3h 15h Sponsor Teacher Sponsor/ Jury Teacher Student Student Teacher/Expert edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  • 11. Makerchallenge – Student´s view Realise my cool thing Can I do this? Who can help ? Setbacks are ok! edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  • 12. Challenge presentation Foto: Bollwein/WKNÖ Foto: Buchgraber/HTL Hollabrunn edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  • 13. Makerchallenge – Teacher´s view High motivation Combining theorie with practical implementation Students actively seek know-how Setbacks and failures are part of the development process edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  • 14. Summer@HTL • Yearly week of summer camp • 96 year-7 students in 12 groups • HTL students (year-10) as peer-guides for each group Kinder@HTL • Holiday camp in autumn break • 45 year-3 to year-6 students Holiday Camps edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  • 15. Gender balance Age 13 Age 7-12 edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  • 16. Conclusion edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner Q1 There is a need to introduce makerspaces to secondary schools in Austria Q2 The developed of an open makerspace in and used by a school takes time, effort and money. And it is worth it. Q3 There are many maker activities which are suited for an open makerspace in and used by a school. Q4 We recorded positive effects of the makerspace in a secondary vocational school on the users, such as increased motivation and resilience. Q5 Participants` age of maker activities was identified to be a major factor for gender balance.