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The use of ceramics within a signage project in hostile and environmental protected area: The Keller Peninsula case

The research goal is to measure the suitability of ceramics as a material for manufacturing sign prototypes and support components of the signage system for the Comandante Ferraz Brazilian Antarctic Station, Brazil's main installment in the Antarctic region. The latter represents an environment with particular characteristics, having unique rules of occupation and material extraction and disposal, which demands a special approach when inserting any kind of foreign body to it.

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The use of ceramics within a signage project in hostile and environmental protected area: The Keller Peninsula case

  1. 1. ICDHS 2012 · 8th Conference of the International Committee for Design History & Design StudiesThe use of ceramics within thesignage project in hostile andenvironmental protected areas:The Keller Peninsula CaseNicoli Santos FerrazDra. Cristina Engel AlvarezDr. Mauro PinheiroDra. Maria Regina Rodrigues
  2. 2. Brazilian occupation in the Keller Peninsulaand the Antarctic environment
  3. 3. Brazilian occupation in the Keller Peninsulaand the Antarctic environment
  4. 4. The need for a signage system• increasing number of scientific activities on the Brazilian installment• increasing number of station users and touristic activities• reconstruction of the Brazilian main installment due to a firebreak in 2012 need to define general signage guidelines for the future installment
  5. 5. whaleremains penguin’s nest moss
  6. 6. The need for a signage systemthe signage system should:• organize tracks and routes• make safety instructions easily accessible• be harmless to the environment• work on summer and winter conditions
  7. 7. Environmental characteristics thatshould be taken in account• low temperature• high humidity• rocky terrain• high speed winds
  8. 8. Material characteristics suitablefor the Antarctic environment• corrosion resistance• non-toxic (no harm to the environment)• don’t generate waste• high durability (minimal maintenance)• resistant to temperature variation and the minimum absolute ceramics?
  9. 9. CERAMICS: a possible material?pros•high degree of elasticity and plasticity → easy shaping•no industrial production dependency•non-toxic•durable•resistant to corrosioncons•its manufacturing demands high levels of electricity consumption•low resistance against impact•more complex logistics for safe transportation
  10. 10. Material testingGoals:Explore manual techniques on the prototype construction•Three types of clay•Two distinct techniques•BakingPost-production analysis•Weight loss measurement•Evaluation of environmental costs(water and electricity consumption, toxic resources involved)
  11. 11. Material testingThree distinct types of clay Clay Z Clay S Terracota with chamotelocal and manually local and manually from the Pascoalproduced clay, extracted produced clay, extracted company (SP)and cleaned by Zezinho and cleaned by Sidina
  12. 12. Material testingTwo distinct techniques1. shaping technique supported by a former plate (native clay types)
  13. 13. Material testingTwo distinct techniques2. production technique with plates (terracota-chamote mixture)
  14. 14. Material testingWeight loss measure after 1 and 2 weeksweight clay Z clay S terracota- terracota- chamote chamote (lid) (body)before dry 480g 710g 650g 1130gupafter dry up 440g 680g 615g 1080gIt is essential to understand the dry up process of each clay type, given that suchinformation is indispensable for the calculation of the final prototype size.
  15. 15. Material testingBakingThe baking experiments were carried out using anelectric oven (Etil) by 1200°C, within 20 hours
  16. 16. Material testingWater consumptionA great amount of water is consumed in nearly every stage of theclay products manufacturing process, and for cleaning theequipment used.ElectricityThe clay preparation demands a great deal of electricity, inparticular during the dry up and baking process, even using an Etilelectric oven.(its special refractory bricks cover keeps the heat and optimizes the electricity consumption).
  17. 17. Material testingToxic resourcesThe tests were exclusively made with clay, with noaddiction of enamel of any sort, so the plates do not carryany toxic substance in its structure.
  18. 18. Preliminary findingsThe prototypes developed using manual techniquespresented some imprecision, suggesting that thesetechniques wouldn’t be the best solution for largescale production of the signage system components
  19. 19. Preliminary findingsThe material testing indicates that ceramicscould be an adequate option in themanufacturing of the Keller Peninsulasignage system components
  20. 20. Next steps• experiment with liquid clay• prototyping• long term (1 year) testing on site• environmental impact studies – production – packaging – transportation
  21. 21. ICDHS 2012 · 8th Conference of the International Committee for Design History & Design Studiesthank you!Nicoli Santos Ferraz nicoli.ferraz@gmail.comDra. Cristina Engel Alvarez cristinaengel@pq.cnpq.brDr. Mauro Pinheiro mauro.pinheiro@ufes.brDra. Maria Regina Rodrigues