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CITIZEN PARTICIPATION  IN THE UNITED STATESWorkshop: How to Make Citizen Participation       Relevant in European Regions ...
THE DELIBERATIVE DEMOCRACY CONSORTIUM
THE CONTEXT:HOW HAVE CITIZENS* CHANGED?          More educated          More skeptical – different           attitudes t...
THREE MINUTES AT THE MICROPHONERetrieved from Cincinnati.com, July 27, 2012
SUCCESSFUL TACTIC: PROACTIVE RECRUITMENT Map community networks; Involve leaders of those networks; „Who is least  like...
SUCCESSFUL TACTIC: SMALL-GROUP PROCESSES  No more than 12 people per group;  Facilitator who is impartial (doesn‟t give ...
SUCCESSFUL TACTIC: FRAMING AN ISSUE Give people the information they need, in ways  they can use it Lays out several opt...
SUCCESSFUL TACTIC: ENCOURAGING CITIZEN ACTION
SUCCESSFUL TACTIC: ONLINE TOOLSParticularly good for:   Providing background information   Data gathering by citizens  ...
STRENGTHS OF        PUBLIC PARTICIPATION   Making policy decisions, plans, budgets   Catalyzing citizen action   Buildi...
LIMITATIONS OF     PUBLIC PARTICIPATION (AS     WE PRACTICE IT TODAY)   Lots of work for temporary gain   Inefficient – ...
WHAT IS CIVIC INFRASTRUCTURE?The regularopportunities, activities, and arenasthat allow people to connect witheach other, ...
NEW MODEL ORDINANCE ON PUBLIC              PARTICIPATIONAvailable at www.deliberative-democracy.netDeveloped as a collabor...
“PORTSMOUTH LISTENS”PORTSMOUTH, NH Ongoing process since 2000 Several hundred participants each time Addressed a number...
JANE ADDAMS SCHOOL FOR DEMOCRACYWEST SIDE OF ST. PAUL, MN 50-200 people in “neighborhood learning  circles” every month s...
PARTICIPATORY BUDGETING IN BRAZILIAN CITIES Commitment from gov‟t to adopt budget; Wide range of ways to be involved; A...
SLIDES AVAILABLE AT:WWW.SLIDESHARE.NET/MATTLEIGHNINGERGUIDES:HTTP://BIT.LY/M1PVMPHTTP://BIT.LY/IWJGQN
RESOURCES www.participedia.net www.deliberative-democracy.net www.soulofthecommunity.org www.everydaydemocracy.org www.pub...
QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS?
Why build stronger civic         infrastructure?1.   Make engagement easier, more efficient2.   Build trust3.   Give resid...
Leighninger slides for stuttgart presentation
Leighninger slides for stuttgart presentation
Leighninger slides for stuttgart presentation
Leighninger slides for stuttgart presentation
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Leighninger slides for stuttgart presentation

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Slides for a workshop on the future of citizen participation in Europe, hosted by the Ministry for Citizen Participation of Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany

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Leighninger slides for stuttgart presentation

  1. 1. CITIZEN PARTICIPATION IN THE UNITED STATESWorkshop: How to Make Citizen Participation Relevant in European Regions Stuttgart, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany December 5, 2012
  2. 2. THE DELIBERATIVE DEMOCRACY CONSORTIUM
  3. 3. THE CONTEXT:HOW HAVE CITIZENS* CHANGED?  More educated  More skeptical – different attitudes toward authority  Have less time to spare  Better able to find resources, allies, informati on * “citizens” = residents, people
  4. 4. THREE MINUTES AT THE MICROPHONERetrieved from Cincinnati.com, July 27, 2012
  5. 5. SUCCESSFUL TACTIC: PROACTIVE RECRUITMENT Map community networks; Involve leaders of those networks; „Who is least likely to participate?‟ Use online as well as f2f connections; Follow up!
  6. 6. SUCCESSFUL TACTIC: SMALL-GROUP PROCESSES  No more than 12 people per group;  Facilitator who is impartial (doesn‟t give opinions);  Start with people describing their experiences;  Lay out options;  Help people plan for action.
  7. 7. SUCCESSFUL TACTIC: FRAMING AN ISSUE Give people the information they need, in ways they can use it Lays out several options or views (including ones you don‟t agree with) Trust them to make good decisions
  8. 8. SUCCESSFUL TACTIC: ENCOURAGING CITIZEN ACTION
  9. 9. SUCCESSFUL TACTIC: ONLINE TOOLSParticularly good for:  Providing background information  Data gathering by citizens  Generating and ranking ideas  Helping people visualize options  Maintaining connections over time
  10. 10. STRENGTHS OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION Making policy decisions, plans, budgets Catalyzing citizen action Building trust, fostering new leadership Connections = disaster preparedness Attachment = economic vitality
  11. 11. LIMITATIONS OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION (AS WE PRACTICE IT TODAY) Lots of work for temporary gain Inefficient – every organization on its own Community moves back to „politics as usual‟ „Engagers‟ set the agenda, not the „engaged‟ Limited impact on equity Laws on participation out of step with practices
  12. 12. WHAT IS CIVIC INFRASTRUCTURE?The regularopportunities, activities, and arenasthat allow people to connect witheach other, solve problems, makedecisions, and be part of acommunity.
  13. 13. NEW MODEL ORDINANCE ON PUBLIC PARTICIPATIONAvailable at www.deliberative-democracy.netDeveloped as a collaboration of:
  14. 14. “PORTSMOUTH LISTENS”PORTSMOUTH, NH Ongoing process since 2000 Several hundred participants each time Addressed a number of major policy decisions: bullying in schools, school redistricting, city‟s master plan, balancing city budget, whether to build new middle school
  15. 15. JANE ADDAMS SCHOOL FOR DEMOCRACYWEST SIDE OF ST. PAUL, MN 50-200 people in “neighborhood learning circles” every month since 1998 Involves recent Hmong, Latino, Somali immigrants Young people involved in circles and other activities Cultural exchanges - food, crafts, storytelling Has resulted in new projects, initiatives, festivals, and change in INS policy
  16. 16. PARTICIPATORY BUDGETING IN BRAZILIAN CITIES Commitment from gov‟t to adopt budget; Wide range of ways to be involved; A carnival atmosphere; Started small, now huge – 60,000+ people
  17. 17. SLIDES AVAILABLE AT:WWW.SLIDESHARE.NET/MATTLEIGHNINGERGUIDES:HTTP://BIT.LY/M1PVMPHTTP://BIT.LY/IWJGQN
  18. 18. RESOURCES www.participedia.net www.deliberative-democracy.net www.soulofthecommunity.org www.everydaydemocracy.org www.publicagenda.org www.kettering.org
  19. 19. QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS?
  20. 20. Why build stronger civic infrastructure?1. Make engagement easier, more efficient2. Build trust3. Give residents more control of the agenda4. Better address inequities5. Increase community attachment and economic growth6. Increase residents’ sense of legitimacy and “public happiness”

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