Rochester leadership institute slides

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  • The DDC network includes practitioner organizations, operating foundations, and academic researchers
  • This is the challenge – and opportunity – we all face, no matter what kinds of organizations we lead or belong to
  • Sometimes this means action by citizens that is seeded by gov’t with small grants
  • Don’t forget fun!
  • Rio Grande do Sol - http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/node/5998
  • Refer to Using Online Tools guide
  • Refer to Using Online Tools guide
  • Refer to Using Online Tools guide
  • Refer to Using Online Tools guide
  • “Embedded in the DNA of online tools are two values: democracy and transparency”
  • Change slide
  • Refer to Using Online Tools guide
  • Refer to Using Online Tools guide
  • Refer to Using Online Tools guide
  • Rochester leadership institute slides

    1. 1. STRATEGIES TO ENCOURAGE CIVIC ENGAGEMENT Rochester, NY June 18th, 2014
    2. 2. THE DELIBERATIVE DEMOCRACY CONSORTIUM
    3. 3. THE CONTEXT FOR ENGAGEMENT: HOW HAVE CITIZENS* CHANGED?  More educated  More skeptical – different attitudes toward authority  Have less time to spare  Better able to find resources, allies, information (Internet) * citizens = residents, people
    4. 4. THE CONTEXT: FAMILIES WITH YOUNG CHILDREN  Have the most at stake in community success  More motivation to engage, but even less time  Want to engage in community, not just politics
    5. 5. THE CONTEXT: INCREASED USE OF THE INTERNET Available free for download at BIT.LY/IWJGQN
    6. 6. THREE MINUTES AT THE MICROPHONE Retrieved from Cincinnati.com, July 27, 2012
    7. 7. “What drove me to try planned, structured public engagement was my awful experience with unplanned, unstructured public engagement.” ─ John Nalbandian, former mayor, Lawrence, KS
    8. 8. TREATING CITIZENS LIKE ADULTS Give them:  Information  Chance to tell their story  Choices  Legitimacy  Chances to take action  Good process  Food and fun!
    9. 9. SUCCESSFUL TACTIC: PROACTIVE RECRUITMENT  Map community networks;  Involve leaders of those networks;  ‘Who is least likely to participate?’  Use online as well as f2f connections;  Follow up!
    10. 10. SUCCESSFUL TACTIC: SMALL-GROUP PROCESSES  No more than 12 people per group;  Facilitator who is impartial (doesn’t give opinions);  Start with people describing their experiences;  Lay out options;  Help people plan for action.
    11. 11. SUCCESSFUL TACTIC: FRAMING AN ISSUE  Give people the information they need, in ways they can use it  Lays out several options or views (including ones you don’t agree with)  Trust them to make good decisions
    12. 12. SUCCESSFUL TACTIC: ENCOURAGING CITIZEN ACTION
    13. 13. “Sometimes you need a meeting that is also a party. Sometimes you need a party that is also a meeting.” Gloria Rubio-Cortès, National Civic League SUCCESSFUL TACTIC: FUN
    14. 14. “PORTSMOUTH LISTENS” PORTSMOUTH, NH  Ongoing process since 2000  Several hundred participants each time  Addressed a number of major policy decisions: bullying in schools, school redistricting, city’s master plan, balancing city budget, whether to build new middle school
    15. 15. JANE ADDAMS SCHOOL FOR DEMOCRACY WEST SIDE OF ST. PAUL, MN  50-200 people in “neighborhood learning circles” every month since 1998  Involves recent Hmong, Latino, Somali immigrants  Young people involved in circles and other activities  Cultural exchanges - food, crafts, storytelling  Has resulted in new projects, initiatives, festivals, and change in INS policy
    16. 16. DECATUR NEXT DECATUR, GA
    17. 17. PARTICIPATORY BUDGETING IN BRAZILIAN CITIES  Commitment from gov’t to adopt budget;  Wide range of ways to be involved;  A carnival atmosphere;  Started small, now huge – 60,000+ people
    18. 18. QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS?
    19. 19. HOW MUCH IS THE INTERNET CHANGING HOW YOU DO ENGAGEMENT?
    20. 20. DIGITAL DIVIDES (PLURAL)  Overall, Internet access growing  Different people use different hardware  Different people go to different places on the Internet  Communities just as complex online as off
    21. 21. What online tools can do: Help citizens gather data
    22. 22. What online tools can do: Help people generate and rank ideas
    23. 23. What online tools can do: Help people visualize options
    24. 24. What online tools can do: Help sustain community connections
    25. 25. COMMON MISTAKES  Treating Internet as a one-way medium  Not enough recruitment  Transparency without proactive engagement  Gathering ideas and not implementing them
    26. 26. STRENGTHS OF DELIBERATIVE ENGAGEMENT  Making policy decisions, plans, budgets  Catalyzing citizen action  Rebuilding trust, fostering new leadership
    27. 27. WHY SUSTAINED ENGAGEMENT? Increases in:  Trust  Efficiency  Equity  Connectedness …which increases:  Economic growth  Public health
    28. 28. TWO ASSUMPTIONS TO RECONSIDER 1. Government is the only problem-solver
    29. 29. TWO ASSUMPTIONS TO RECONSIDER 2. It is the job of government to sustain participation
    30. 30. WORKING GROUP ON LEGAL FRAMEWORKS FOR PUBLIC PARTICIPATION
    31. 31.  Broad and non-exclusive definition of public participation  No mandates – model is ADR  Principles for successful public participation  Possible use of commission or other agency at local government level  No reference to changing sunshine laws as usually a matter for state legislature  Best use: to start a discussion about how you want participation to work in your municipality LOCAL PUBLIC PARTICIPATION ORDINANCE
    32. 32. Available free for download at BIT.LY/1F2MGAP/
    33. 33. Participation commissions or advisory boards can:  Develop multi-year participation plans  Develop guidelines on when/how participation should happen  Assess and evaluation current participation efforts  Provide annual report to council on status of participation  Help strengthen networks for recruitment PUTTING THESE TACTICS TO USE: PARTICIPATION COMMISSIONS AND ADVISORY BOARDS
    34. 34.  Stronger networks, online and off, for recruitment and dissemination of information  Better use of social media to raise interest, discussion before and between meetings  Clear avenues for public to present ideas for the agenda  At the meeting (or as a pre-meeting), a format featuring small-group discussions  Proposed guideline: Electeds cannot vote, act, or make decisions until information from meeting is made public PUTTING THESE TACTICS TO USE: BETTER FORMATS FOR PUBLIC MEETINGS
    35. 35.  Larger assumption to discuss: What is government’s role in supporting participation?  One office – or participation skills distributed throughout departments?  Training opportunities  Need for principles, protocols, and metrics to guide the work PUTTING THESE TACTICS TO USE: PARTICIPATION STAFFING IN CITY HALL
    36. 36. SLIDES AVAILABLE AT: WWW.SLIDESHARE.NET/MATTLEIGHNINGER GUIDES: PLANNING FOR STRONGER LOCAL DEMOCRACY – BIT.LY/PSLDNLC USING ONLINE TOOLS TO ENGAGE THE PUBLIC– BIT.LY/IWJGQN MAKING PUBLIC PARTICIPATION LEGAL – BIT.LY/1F2MGAP
    37. 37. RESOURCES www.icma.org www.participedia.net www.deliberative-democracy.net www.everydaydemocracy.org www.publicagenda.org www.kettering.org
    38. 38. QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS?

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